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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #0693 - אָרַב
1) to lie in wait, ambush, lurk
1a1) to lie in wait
1a2) ambush (participle as subst)
1b) (Piel) ambushers, liers-in-wait (plural participle)
1c) (Hiphil) to lay an ambush
1439) br (רב RB) AC: Rule CO: Master AB: Increase: The pictograph r is a picture of a head, the b is a picture of the tent representing the family. Combined these mean "head of the family". Each family has a master that rules all cases, trials, conflicts and contests. This person was the representative for the whole tribe, one abundant in authority and wisdom. (see Exodus 18:25) .
Nm) br (רב RB) - I. Master:One who is abundant in authority. II. Abundant:An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . From the idea of greatness in authority. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Archer:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (475): many, great, much, captain, more, long, enough, multitude, mighty, greater, greatly, archer - Strongs: H7227 (רַב), H7228 (רַב), H7229 (רַב)
V) bbr (רבב RBB) - I. Increase:To grow in number. II. Shoot:The shooting of arrows from an archer. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (19): (vf: Paal, Pual) many, multiply, increase, more, manifold, thousand, shoot - Strongs: H7231 (רָבַב), H7232 (רָבַב)
V) ebr (רבה RBH) - Increase: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) multiply, increase, much, more, long, store, exceedingly, abundance, grow, great - Strongs: H7235 (רָבָה), H7236 (רְבָה)
Nm) bfr (רוב RWB) - Abundance: An abundance of numbers (many) or strength (great) . KJV (155): multitude, abundance, great, greatness, much, abundantly, plenty, many, long, excellent - Strongs: H7230 (רֹב)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָרַב fut. יֶאֱרֹב
(1). to knot, to weave, to intertwine, whence אֲרֻבָּה a net, net-work. (Kindred is עָרַב to mingle. Arab. أَرَبَ to tie a knot, II. id., أَرْبَةُ a knot.)
(2) to lie in wait. (Arab. أَرِبَ to be cunning, astute, III. to act cunningly (prop. intricately). Verbs of intertwining, weaving, also of twisting, spinning, are often applied to craftiness and snares, and are opposed to upright and open course of acting. Comp. עָמַר, פָּתַל, Gr. δόλον, μῆτιν ὑφαίνειν, κακά, δόλον ῥάπτειν, nectere insidias, scelera, suere dolos, Germ. Trug fpinnen, anzetteln.) Constr. followed by לְ, Psalms 59:4; Proverbs 24:15; Joshua 8:4 followed by an acc., Proverbs 12:6 עַל Judges 9:34. Elsewhere put absolutely, for to watch in ambush, Judges 9:34, 21:20 followed by a gerund, Pro. loc. cit.; Psalms 10:9. Part. אוֹרֵב, הָאוֹרֵב a lier in wait, often coll. liers in wait, a body of soldiers set in ambush, Joshua 8:14, 19 Joshua 8:19, 21 Joshua 8:21; Judges 20:33, seq.; hence construed with a plur., loc. cit. verse 37 Judges 20:37.
Piel, i.q. Kal, construed followed by עַל, 2 Chronicles 20:22, absol. Judges 9:25.
Hiphil, to set an ambush. Fut. וַיָּרֶב for וַיַּאֲרֶב, 1 Samuel 15:5.
The derivatives follow, except מַאֲרָב.
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