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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #05564 - סָמַךְ
1) to lean, lay, rest, support, put, uphold, lean upon
1a1) to lean or lay upon, rest upon, lean against
1a2) to support, uphold, sustain
1b) (Niphal) to support or brace oneself
1c) (Piel) to sustain, refresh, revive
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal41 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ס Deuteronomy 34:9; Ezekiel 24:2, וְסָמַךְ consecutive Amos 5:19 +; 3 feminine singular סָֽמְכָה Psalm 88:8, suffix סְמָכָ֑תְהוֺ Isaiah 59:16, סְמָכָ֑תְנִי Isaiah 63:5, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּסְמֹךְ Leviticus 8:14; Numbers 27:23, suffix יִסְמְכֵ֫נִי Psalm 3:6, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix סָמְכֵנִי Psalm 119:116; Participle active סוֺמֵךְ Isaiah 63:5 3t.; plural construct סֹמְכֵי Ezekiel 30:6; Psalm 54:6; passive סָמוּךְ Isaiah 26:3; Psalm 112:8; plural סְמוּכִים Psalm 111:8; —
1. a. lean or lay hand upon (עַלֿ): Amos 5:19; elsewhere in sacred rite: on head of sacrifice victim, as those who share in sacrifice, Exodus 29:10,15,19; Leviticus 1:4 12t. Leviticus; Numbers 8:12 (all P), 2 Chronicles 29:23; so of Levites, presented to ׳י Numbers 8:10 (P); on head of blasphemer Leviticus 24:14 (P; as witnesses of his guilt); on head of Joshua in consecration (Moses subject) Numbers 27:18,23; Deuteronomy 34:9 (all P).
b. intransitive Psalm 88:8 thy wrath hath rested upon me (עָלַי); also סָמַךְמֶלֶךְבָּֿבֶל אֶלֿ Ezekiel 24:2 hath leaned against, rested his weight upon, Jerusalem, i.e. invested (Toy), begun the siege of it.
2 support, uphold, sustain, only figurative: with 2accusative Genesis 27:37 (J) with corn and must have I sustained him, provided sustenance for him, compare (of ׳י) Psalm 51:14; uphold Egypt Ezekiel 30:6; absolute Isaiah 63:5; especially of ׳י upholding, sustaining Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; Psalm 3:6; Psalm 37:17; Psalm 37:24; Psalm 54:6 (on בְּ essentiae see Ges§ 119i, בְּ above 7a), Psalm 119:116; Psalm 145:14; so passive participle Psalm 111:8 they are sustained, i.e. maintained (׳י s commands), סָמוּךְ לִבּוֺ) Psalm 112:8 his heart is sustained, firm, and so ׳יֵצֶר ס Isaiah 26:3.
Niph`al Perfect 1 singular נִסְמַ֫כְתִּי Psalm 71:6; 3 plural נִסְמָ֑כוּ Isaiah 48:2; Imperfect יִסָּמֵךְ 2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 36:6, וַיִּסָּמֵךְ Judges 16:29; 3 masculine plural וַיִּסָּֽמְכוּ 2 Chronicles 32:8; — reflexive support, or brace oneself, also with עַלֿ Judges 16:29 and he braced himself against (upon) them (the pillars); 2 Kings 18:21 (if) a man support himself on it (Egypt as a cracked reed) = Isaiah 36:6; on cheering words 2 Chronicles 32:8; on God Isaiah 48:2; Psalm 71:6.
Pi`el Imperative masculine plural suffix + בְּ instr,: סַמְּכוּנִי Song of Solomon 2:5 sustain (refresh, revive) me with raisin-cakes.
סָמַךְ fut. יִסְמֹךְ
(1) to place, or lay something upon any thing, so that it may rest upon, and be supported by it. סָמַךְ יָד עַל to lay the hand on any thing (die Hand worauf ftufüßen), so as to lean upon the hand, Exodus 29:10, 15 Exodus 29:15, 19 Exodus 29:19; Leviticus 1:4, 3:2 8:14, etc. Amos 5:19, וְסָמַךְ יָדוֹ עַל־הַקִּיר “and leaneth his hand upon the wall.” Intr. to rest upon any thing. Psalms 88:8, עָלַי סָֽמְכָה חֲמָתֶךָ “thy wrath resteth upon me.”
(2) to uphold, to sustain, to aid (Eth. ሰመከ፡) followed by an acc. Psalms 37:17, 24 Psalms 37:24, 54:6. Ezekiel 30:6, סֹמְכֵי מִצְרַיִם “those who help Egypt,” the allies of Egypt; followed by לְ Psalms 145:14. Part. pass. סָמוּךְ propped, upheld, i.e. unmoved, firm, Psalms 112:8; Isaiah 26:3. Followed by two acc. to sustain one with any thing, i.e. to bestow upon him liberally. Genesis 27:37, דָּגָן וְתִירשׁ סְמַכְתִּיו “I have sustained him with corn and new wine.” Psalms 51:14.
(3) to approach, followed by אֶל Ezekiel 24:2. (Syr. id. The signification of approaching is derived from that of resting upon, being contiguous; comp. Rabb. סמד to cohere, to be connected, near, סמיד near).
Niphal, to be propped, supported, Judges 16:29 to stay oneself, to rest upon, Psalms 71:6; Isaiah 48:2. Metaph. 2 Chronicles 32:8.
Piel, to stay, i.e. to refresh, Song of Solomon 2:5 (compare סָעַד). Hence pr.n. יִסְמַכְיָהוּ. and