the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #04294 - מַטָּה
1) staff, branch, tribe
1a) staff, rod, shaft
1b) branch (of vine)
1c1) company led by chief with staff (originally)
1285) um (מתה MTh) AC: Shake CO: Branch AB: ?: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the u is a picture of a basket which contains objects. Combined these mean "liquid contained". A green branch still contains water allowing the branch to be flexible. A green branch can then be bent to the desired shape and left to dry.
V) ufm (מותה MWTh) - Shake: To shake or waver as a green branch. KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) move, remove, slip, carry, cast, course, decay, fall, shake, slide - Strongs: H4131 (מוֹט)
Nm) ufm (מותה MWTh) - I. Branch:The bent bar of the yoke that goes around the neck, also a branch that is used as pole. II. Wavering:A slipping or wavering of the foot. KJV (6): bar, moved, staff, yoke - Strongs: H4132 (מוֹט)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 staff, rod, shaft.
3 tribe ( Sirach 48:2 staff, Sirach 45:6; Sirach 45:25 tribe); — absolute ׳מ Genesis 38:25 +; construct מַטַּה Exodus 4:20 +; suffix מַטְּךָ Genesis 38:18 5t., מַטֶּ֑ךָ Exodus 8:1, מַטֵּ֫הוּ Isaiah 10:24 10t.; plural מַטּוֺת 1 Kings 8:1 +, etc.; suffix מַטּוֺחָם Exodus 7:12; Numbers 17:21; also מַטָּיו Habakkuk 3:14 (but read מַטֶּיךָ or — Gr — מַטֹּתֶיךָ); —
1 (compare מַקֵּל, שֵׁבֶט) staff of traveller Genesis 38:18,25 (J); in General Isaiah 10:15 (simile; "" שֵׁבֶט); from staff as support comes figurative מַטֵּהלֶֿחֶם staff of bread (food supply) Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13; Leviticus 26:26; Psalm 105:16; of staff or rod, Moses as shepherd Exodus 4:2,4; Exodus 7:15 (J), Exodus 4:17; Exodus 7:17,20; Exodus 9:23; Exodus 10:13; Exodus 17:5 (all E); compare also Isaiah 10:26; Exodus 14:16; Numbers 20:8,9,11 (all P); called הָאֱלֹהִים׳מ Exodus 4:20; Exodus 17:9 (both E), because of miraculous power connected with it; compare mirac. rod of Aaron Exodus 7:9,10,12,19; Exodus 8:1; Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (all P), and of Egyptian magicians Exodus 7:12 (twice in verse) (P); compare Aaron's rod that budded Numbers 17:18; Numbers 17:21; Numbers 17:23; Numbers 17:25 (compare RS Semitic i. 180; 2 d ed. 197); carried even by warrior 1 Samuel 14:27,43; מַטֵּה שִׁכְמוֺ Isaiah 9:3i.e. rod that strikes his shoulder, task-master's rod ("" שֵׁבֶט הַנֹּגֵשׂ בּוֺ), compare Isaiah 10:5 and Isaiah 10:24; Isaiah 14:5 ("" שֵׁבֶט), all figurative of oppression; מַטֵּה מוּסָדָה Isaiah 30:32 appointed rod (of punishment); compare ׳מ Ezekiel 7:10,11 (but text obscure, Co — q. v. — sceptre), also Micah 6:9 according to ᵑ0, but see below
3; used in beating out (חבט) fennel Isaiah 28:27; staff as badge of leader or ruler מַטֵּהעֹֿז Jeremiah 48:17 ("" מַקֵּל), compare Psalm 110:2; so Numbers 17:17 (4t. in verse) + 10t. Numbers 17; apparently shafts, i.e. arrows or spears, Habakkuk 3:9,14 (compare Now Da GASm).
2 branch of vine Ezekiel 19:11,12,14 (twice in verse).
3 tribe (183t.), originally company led by chief with staff: specifically of tribes of Israel in both singular and plural, 1 Kings 7:14; 1 Kings 8:1 2 Chronicles 5:2; Exodus 31:2 5t. Exodus; Leviticus 24:11; Numbers 1:4 89t. Numbers; Joshua 7:1 56t. Joshua (all P); 1 Chronicles 6:45 21t. 1 Chronicles 6; 1 Chronicles 12:31; probably also Micah 6:9 (vocative; so ᵐ5 We Now GASm). — compare שֵׁבֶט, and on relation of these two words for tribe Hebrew usage Dr JPhoenician xi. (1882), 213 f.
מַטָּה (Milêl) adv. downward, beneath, below, Deuteronomy 28:43; Proverbs 15:24. Opp. to מַעְלָה above. (This word has not sprung from מַטֶּה itself, but, as it appears from the acute penultima, from the shortened form מַט bending, a low place, with the addition of ה local.) With prefixes
(a) downward, Deuteronomy 28:13; Ezekiel 1:27; 2 Kings 19:30; Jeremiah 31:37; Ecclesiastes 3:21.
(b) below, 2 Kings 19:30; 1 Chronicles 27:23, “of twenty years old וּלְמַטָּה and under.” Followed by מִן Ezra 9:13, לְמַטָּה מֵעֲוֹנֵנוּ “below our sin,” less than our sin deserved.
(2) מִלְּמַטָּה beneath (opp. to מִלְמַעְלָה above), Exodus 26:24, 27:5 28:27 36:29 38:4 39:20.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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