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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4464 - ῥάβδος
- a staff, a walking stick, a twig, rod, branch
- a rod with which one is beaten
- a staff
- as used on a journey, or to lean upon, or by shepherds
- when applied to kings
- with a rod of iron, indicates the severest, most rigorous rule
- a royal sceptre
rod, wand, Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; lighter than the βακτηρία or walking-stick, X. Eq. 11.4 (but = βακτηρία, Ev.Matthew 10:10, al.). —
1 magic wand, as that of Circe, Od. 10.238, 319, etc.; that with which Athena touched Odysseus, to restore his youthful appearance, χρυσείῃ ῥάβδῳ ἐπεμάσσατο 16.172; that with which Hermes overpowers the senses of man, Il. 24.343; that with which Hades rules the ghosts, Pi. O. 9.33; divining-rod, Hdt. 4.67 .
2. fishing-rod, Od. 12.251 .
3. limed twig, for catching small birds, Ar. Av. 527 .
4. shaft of a hunting-spear, X. Cyn. 10.3, 16 .
5. staff of office, like the earlier σκῆπτρον, Pl. Ax. 367a, LXX Psalms 44:1-26(45).7, 109(110).2; carried by a βραβευτής, Phld. Vit. p.25J.: — dub. in A. Supp. 248 for ῥαβδοῦχος .
6. wand borne by the ῥαψῳδός, τὸν ἐπὶ ῥάβδῳ μῦθον ὑφαινόμενον Call. Fr. 138 ( = Fr. 3.10P. ), cf. Paus. 9.30.3: hence κατὰ ῥάβδον ἐπέων according to the measure of his (Homer's) verses, Pi. I. 4(3).38(56) .
7. rod for chastisement, ῥ. κοσμοῦσα Pl. Lg. 700c; μάστιξ ἢ ῥ . riding-switch, X. Eq. 8.4; ῥ. βοηλάτις ox- goad, APl. 4.200 ( Mosch. ); ξαίνεσθαι ῥάβδοις Plu. Alex. 51, cf. AP 11.153 ( Lucill. ): of the fasces of the Roman lictors, Plb. 11.29.6, D.H. 4.11, Str. 5.2.2, Plu. Publ. 10, Luc. 36; πρὸς πέντε ῥάβδους, = Lat. at (i.e. ad) quinque fasces (CIL 8.7044 ( Numidia )), OGI 543.18 (Ancyra, ii A.D. ), IGRom. 3.175 (ibid., ii A.D. ); cf. ῥαβδονόμος, ῥαβδοῦχος .
8. shepherd's staff or crook, LXX Psalms 22:1-31(23).4, Mi. 7.14 .
9. ῥ. κληρονομίας measuring-rod, ib. Psalms 73:1-28(74).2 .
10. stitch, ἔντοσθεν δὲ βοείας ῥάψε θαμειὰς χρυσείῃς ῥάβδοισι διηνεκέσιν περὶ κύκλον Il. 12.297 (unless it means rivets, studs ).
II young shoot of some trees, Ion Trag. 40, Thphr. HP 2.1.2 .
III streak or stripe on the skin of animals, διαποίκιλα ῥάβδοις Arist. HA 525a12; of fish, Clearch. 73; of clothes, Poll. 7.53; fluting of a column, Supp.Epigr. 4.448.7 (Didyma, ii B.C., pl.); of minerals, vein, Thphr. CP 4.12.6, D.S. 5.37; streak or shaft of light, Arist. Mete. 377a30, Mu. 395a31, Thphr. Sign. 11 . in Gramm.,
1 line, verse, Sch. Pi. I. 4.63 .
2. a critical mark, like ὀβελός, Hsch.
3. stroke forming a letter, Theodect. 6.6 .
ῥάδος , -ου , ἡ ,
a staff, rod: Hebrews 9:4, Revelation 11:1; in particular,
(a) a staff, such as is used on a journey: Matthew 10:10, Mark 6:8, Luke 9:3, Hebrews 11:21 (LXX);
(b) a ruler's staff, a sceptre: Hebrews 1:8 (LXX) Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Revelation 19:15;
(c) a rod for chastisement (cf. ῥαβδίζω ): ἐν ῥ . (see ἐν ): 1 Corinthians 4:21.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";Sarah"; : see s.vv. Ἰωσήφ and Ἰωσῆς, and add P Lond IV. 1459.25 (date uncertain), where there is mention of Abraam the son Σάρας, and P Oxy I. 134.17 (A.D. 569), where John, the chief of the stonemasons, is described as υἱὸς Μηνᾶ μητρὸς Σάρας
On the possibility that καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα in Hebrews 11:11 is an interpolation from the margin, leaving Ἀβραάμ as the subject of both verses, see Field Notes p. 232, and Windisch HZNT ad l.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Sunday after Epiphany