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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4464 - ῥάβδος

from the base of (G4474)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. a staff, a walking stick, a twig, rod, branch
  2. a rod with which one is beaten
  3. a staff
    1. as used on a journey, or to lean upon, or by shepherds
    2. when applied to kings
      1. with a rod of iron, indicates the severest, most rigorous rule
      2. a royal sceptre
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2415 ‑ חֹטֶר (kho'‑ter);  4294 ‑ מַטָּה (mat‑teh', mat‑taw');  4731 ‑ מַקְּלָה (mak‑kale', mak‑kel‑aw');  4938 ‑ מִשְׁעֵנָה (mish‑ay‑naw', mish‑eh'‑neth);  6086 ‑ עֵץ (ates);  7626 ‑ שֵׁבֶט (shay'‑bet);  8275 ‑ שַׁרְבִיט (shar‑beet');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 4
NAS (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 4
HCS (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 4
BSB (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 4
ESV (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 4
WEB (13)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 5
Revelation 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥάβδος, ἡ,

rod, wand, Hom. (v. infr.), etc.; lighter than the βακτηρία or walking-stick, X. Eq. 11.4 (but = βακτηρία, Ev.Matthew 10:10, al.).

Special uses:

1 magic wand, as that of Circe, Od. 10.238, 319, etc.; that with which Athena touched Odysseus, to restore his youthful appearance, χρυσείῃ ῥάβδῳ ἐπεμάσσατο 16.172; that with which Hermes overpowers the senses of man, Il. 24.343; that with which Hades rules the ghosts, Pi. O. 9.33; divining-rod, Hdt. 4.67 .

2. fishing-rod, Od. 12.251 .

3. limed twig, for catching small birds, Ar. Av. 527 .

4. shaft of a hunting-spear, X. Cyn. 10.3, 16 .

5. staff of office, like the earlier σκῆπτρον, Pl. Ax. 367a, LXX Psalms 44:1-26(45).7, 109(110).2; carried by a βραβευτής, Phld. Vit. p.25J.: dub. in A. Supp. 248 for ῥαβδοῦχος .

6. wand borne by the ῥαψῳδός, τὸν ἐπὶ ῥάβδῳ μῦθον ὑφαινόμενον Call. Fr. 138 ( = Fr. 3.10P. ), cf. Paus. 9.30.3: hence κατὰ ῥάβδον ἐπέων according to the measure of his (Homer's) verses, Pi. I. 4(3).38(56) .

7. rod for chastisement, ῥ. κοσμοῦσα Pl. Lg. 700c; μάστιξ ἢ ῥ . riding-switch, X. Eq. 8.4; ῥ. βοηλάτις ox- goad, APl. 4.200 ( Mosch. ); ξαίνεσθαι ῥάβδοις Plu. Alex. 51, cf. AP 11.153 ( Lucill. ): of the fasces of the Roman lictors, Plb. 11.29.6, D.H. 4.11, Str. 5.2.2, Plu. Publ. 10, Luc. 36; πρὸς πέντε ῥάβδους, = Lat. at (i.e. ad) quinque fasces (CIL 8.7044 ( Numidia )), OGI 543.18 (Ancyra, ii A.D. ), IGRom. 3.175 (ibid., ii A.D. ); cf. ῥαβδονόμος, ῥαβδοῦχος .

8. shepherd's staff or crook, LXX Psalms 22:1-31(23).4, Mi. 7.14 .

9. ῥ. κληρονομίας measuring-rod, ib. Psalms 73:1-28(74).2 .

10. stitch, ἔντοσθεν δὲ βοείας ῥάψε θαμειὰς χρυσείῃς ῥάβδοισι διηνεκέσιν περὶ κύκλον Il. 12.297 (unless it means rivets, studs ).

II young shoot of some trees, Ion Trag. 40, Thphr. HP 2.1.2 .

III streak or stripe on the skin of animals, διαποίκιλα ῥάβδοις Arist. HA 525a12; of fish, Clearch. 73; of clothes, Poll. 7.53; fluting of a column, Supp.Epigr. 4.448.7 (Didyma, ii B.C., pl.); of minerals, vein, Thphr. CP 4.12.6, D.S. 5.37; streak or shaft of light, Arist. Mete. 377a30, Mu. 395a31, Thphr. Sign. 11 . in Gramm.,

1 line, verse, Sch. Pi. I. 4.63 .

2. a critical mark, like ὀβελός, Hsch.

3. stroke forming a letter, Theodect. 6.6 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤάβδος, ῤάβδου, (probably akin to ῤαπίς, Latinverber; cf. Curtius, § 513), in various senses from Homer down; the Sept. for מַטֶּה, שֵׁבֶט, מַקֵּל, מִשְׁעֶנֶת, etc., a staff; walking-stick: equivalent to a twig, rod, branch, Hebrews 9:4 (Numbers 17:2ff, Hebrew text ff); Revelation 11:1; a rod, with which one is beaten, 1 Corinthians 4:21 (Plato, legg. 3, p. 700 c.; Plutarch, others; πατάσσειν τινα ἐν ῤάβδῳ, Exodus 21:20; Isaiah 10:24); a staff: as used on a journey, Matthew 10:10; Mark 6:8; Luke 9:3; or to lean upon, Hebrews 11:21 (after the Sept. of Genesis 47:31, where the translators read מַטֶּה, for מִטָּה, a bed; (cf. προσκυνέω, a.)); or by shepherds, Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Revelation 19:15, in which passages as ἐν ῤάβδῳ ποιμαίνειν is figuratively applied to a king, so ῤάβδῳ σιδηρᾷ, with a rod of iron, indicates the severest, most rigorous, rule; hence, ῤάβδος is equivalent to a royal scepter (like שֵׁבֶט, Psalm 2:9; Psalm 45:8; for שַׁרְבִיט, Esther 4:11; Esther 5:2): Hebrews 1:8 (from Psalm 45:8).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥάδος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4294 (e.g. Genesis 47:31, MT, H4294, bed), also for H4731, H7626, etc.;]

a staff, rod: Hebrews 9:4, Revelation 11:1; in particular,

(a) a staff, such as is used on a journey: Matthew 10:10, Mark 6:8, Luke 9:3, Hebrews 11:21 (LXX);

(b) a ruler's staff, a sceptre: Hebrews 1:8 (LXX) Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Revelation 19:15;

(c) a rod for chastisement (cf. ῥαβδίζω ): ἐν ῥ . (see ἐν ): 1 Corinthians 4:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";Sarah"; : see s.vv. Ἰωσήφ and Ἰωσῆς, and add P Lond IV. 1459.25 (date uncertain), where there is mention of Abraam the son Σάρας, and P Oxy I. 134.17 (A.D. 569), where John, the chief of the stonemasons, is described as υἱὸς Μηνᾶ μητρὸς Σάρας

On the possibility that καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα in Hebrews 11:11 is an interpolation from the margin, leaving Ἀβραάμ as the subject of both verses, see Field Notes p. 232, and Windisch HZNT ad l.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ράβδοι ράβδοις ραβδον ραβδόν ράβδον ῥάβδον ραβδος ράβδος ῥάβδος ραβδου ράβδου ῥάβδου ράβδους ραβδω ράβδω ῥάβδῳ ράβδων rabdo rabdō rabdon rabdos rabdou rhabdo rhabdō rhábdoi rhábdōi rhabdon rhábdon rhabdos rhábdos rhabdou rhábdou
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