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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #02610 - חָנֵף

Transliteration
chânêph
Phonetics
khaw-nafe'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
696
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חָנֵף
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to be profaned, be defiled, be polluted, be corrupt

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be polluted

1a2) to be profane, be godless

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to pollute

1b2) to make profane, make godless, cause to be defiled

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3435 ‑ μολύνω (mol‑oo'‑no);  1806 ‑ ἐξάγω (ex‑ag'‑o);  1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  3392 ‑ μιαίνω (me‑ah'ee‑no);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Numbers 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Micah 1
NAS (12)
Numbers 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 2
Micah 1
HCS (11)
Numbers 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Micah 1
BSB (11)
Numbers 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Micah 1
ESV (7)
Numbers 2
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Daniel 1
Micah 1
WEB (11)
Numbers 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 5
Daniel 1
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2179) pnh (ההנפ HhNP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Filthy

V) pnh (ההנפ HhNP) - Filthy: To be polluted or dirty. Usually in the sense of immorality. KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) pollute, defile, corrupt, profane - Strongs: H2610 (חָנֵף)

Nm) pnh (ההנפ HhNP) - Filthy: One who is soiled with immorality. KJV (13): hypocrite - Strongs: H2611 (חָנֵף)

Nf1) epnh (ההנפה HhNPH) - Filthiness: KJV (1): profaneness - Strongs: H2613 (חֲנֻפָּה)

gm) pnfh (ההונפ HhWNP) - Filthiness: KJV (1): hypocrisy - Strongs: H2612 (חֹנֶף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [חָנֵף] verb polluted, profane (Arabic incline, decline, hence inclining to a right state, but in Hebrew of inclining away from right, irreligion, profaneness, compare have a i.e. distortion of foot; Syriac in derivatives be profane, etc.; Late Hebrew Hiph`il, Aramaic Aph`el act falsely toward, flatter, חֲנוּפָה hypocrisy; Assyrian hanpu, ruthlessness; hanâpu, exercise ruthlessness toward, Tel Amarna Zim ZA vi, 1891,256) —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular חָֽנְפָה Isaiah 24:5; 3 plural חָנֵפ֑וּ Jeremiah 23:11; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תֶּחְֶנַף Jeremiah 3:1; תֱּהֶָנ֑ף Micah 4:11; וֵתֶּחֱנַף Jeremiah 3:9; Psalm 106:38; Infinitive absolute חָנוֺף Jeremiah 3:1; —

1 be polluted: of land Isaiah 24:5; Jeremiah 3:1 (twice in verse); Psalm 106:38; of Zion Micah 4:11.

2 of prophet and priest = be חָנֵף (compare below) i.e. profane, godless Jeremiah 23:11. — apparentlytrans וַתֶּחֱנַף את הארץ, Gf strike out את, Gie cites Ges § 121,1, but read rather Hiph`il וַתַּחֲנֵף with Manuscripts ᵐ5 Ew and others (see also Gf. Gie).

Hiph`il Imperfect יַחֲנִיף Numbers 35:33; Daniel 11:33; 2 feminine singular וַתַּחֲנִ֫יפִי Jeremiah 3:2; 2 masculine plural תַּחֲנִ֫יפוּ; —

1 pollute: the land Numbers 35:33 (twice in verse) (by blood; P), Jeremiah 3:2 (by idolatry, etc.) + Jeremiah 3:9 (see above)

2 make profane, godless Daniel 11:32 with accusative of person


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָנֵף fut. יֶחֱנַף

(1)  to be profaned, polluted, defiled, Psalms 106:38; Isaiah 24:5.

(2) to be profane, impious, Jeremiah 23:11.

(3)  Jeremiah 3:9, causat. like Hiphil, to pollute, to make profane. (The origin uncertain.)

Hiphil, to profane a land. Numbers 35:33; Jeremiah 3:2 men, i.e. to lead them to impiety or rebellion, Daniel 11:32. Syriac ܚܰܢܳܦܐܳ unclean, a gentile, ܙܚܰܢܦܶ to turn aside from the true religion. Hence

חָנֵף profane, impious, i.q. Arab. كَافُِر Job 8:13, 13:16 15:34 17:8, etc. LXX. ἀσεβής, ἄνομος, παράνομος, twice ὑποκριτής.


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List of Word Forms
וַתֶּחֱנַ֖ף וַתֶּחֱנַ֥ף וַתַּחֲנִ֣יפִי ותחניפי ותחנף חָנ֥וֹף חָנְפָ֖ה חָנֵ֑פוּ חנוף חנפה חנפו יַחֲנִ֖יף יחניף תֶּחֱנַ֖ף תֶּחֱנָ֔ף תַחֲנִ֣יפוּ תחניפו תחנף chaneFah chaNefu chaNof ḥā·nə·p̄āh ḥā·nê·p̄ū ḥā·nō·wp̄ ḥānəp̄āh ḥānêp̄ū ḥānōwp̄ ṯa·ḥă·nî·p̄ū tachaNifu ṯaḥănîp̄ū te·ḥĕ·nap̄ te·ḥĕ·nāp̄ techeNaf teḥĕnap̄ teḥĕnāp̄ vattachaNifi vattecheNaf wat·ta·ḥă·nî·p̄î wat·te·ḥĕ·nap̄ wattaḥănîp̄î watteḥĕnap̄ ya·ḥă·nîp̄ yachaNif yaḥănîp̄
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