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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02498 - חָלַף
1) to pass on or away, pass through, pass by, go through, grow up, change, to go on from
1a1) to pass on quickly
1a2) to pass away (vanish)
1a3) to come on anew, sprout again (of grass)
1a4) to pass through
1a5) to overstep, transgress
1b) (Piel) to cause to pass, change
1c1) to change, substitute, alter, change for better, renew
1c2) to show newness (of tree)
V) plh (ההלפ HhLP) - I. Through:To pass through, by or over something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Change:To go or pass through one thing to another, an exchange. KJV (32): (vf: Paal, Piel) change, pass, renew, through, grow, abolish, sprout, alter, cut, go, over - Strongs: H2498 (חָלַף), H2499 (חֲלַף)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָלַף fut. יַחֲלֹף poet. for עָבַר [“to slip, to glide, spoken of the swift motion of any thing smooth, the primary idea being that of smoothness and slipperiness, as of fat things; compare חָלַב also חָלַד, חָלַט. Gr. ἀ̓λείφω; and so Germ. fchlüpfen, Eng. to slip, with the sibilant prefixed”].
(1) to pass by, Job 4:15, 9:26 Song of Solomon 2:11 hence to pass on, 1 Samuel 10:3 to perish, to come to nothing, Isaiah 2:18 to pass beyond, transgress (a law), 24:5.
(2) to pass through, whence causat. to pierce through, Judges 5:26; Job 20:24.
(3) to come on against any one hostilely, Job 9:11, 11:10 of the wind, Isaiah 21:1 of a river, Isaiah 8:8.
(4) to come on or up; hence to revive or flourish as a plant, Psalms 90:5, Psalms 90:6. Figuratively, Habakkuk 1:11, אָז חָלַף רוּחַ “then his spirit revives.” (Syr. Aph., Arab. خلف Conj. IV. id.)
[“(5) to be changed, as if pass. of Pi. and Hiph. No. 1, Psalms 102:27.”]
Piel, to change (used of garments), Genesis 41:14; 2 Samuel 12:20. (Syr. Pael id.)
(1) to change, to interchange, to alter, Genesis 35:2; Leviticus 27:10; Psalms 102:27.
(2) to change, Genesis 31:7, 41 Genesis 31:41. [In Thes. 1 and 2, are put together.]
(3) causat. of Kal No. 4, to cause to revive, or sprout forth (as a tree), Isaiah 9:9 and intrans. to revive (prop. to produce new buds, or leaves), Job 14:7 whence, with the addition of בֹּחַ, to gain new strength, to renew one’s strength, Isaiah 40:31 41.1; and with the ellipsis of that word, Job 29:20.
Derivatives, חֵלֶף, חֲלוֹף, חֲלִיפָח, מַחְלָף, מַחְלָפוֹת.
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