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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02000 - הָמַם
1) to move noisily, confuse, make a noise, discomfit, break, consume, crush, destroy, trouble, vex
1a1) to move noisily
1a2) to confuse, discomfit, vex
1105) me (המ HM) AC: Roar CO: Sea AB: Tumult: The pictograph e represents a looking toward. The m is a picture of water. Combined these pictures mean "a looking toward the water". A large body of water seen as a place of chaos because of its storms, turbulent surf and the commotion of the waves.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect וְהָמַם consecutive Isaiah 28:28; suffix הֲמָמַ֫נִי Jeremiah 51:34 Qr (Kt הֲמָמָ֫נוּ), הֲמָמָם 2 Chronicles 15:6; 1 singular וְהַמֹּתִ֫י Exodus 23:27; Imperfect וַיָּ֫הָם Exodus 14:24; Judges 4:15; suffix וַיְּהֻמֵּם Joshua 10:10; 1 Samuel 7:10; Psalm 18:15 + 2 Samuel 22:15 Kt (doubtless right; Qr וַיָּהֹ֑ם); 2 masculine singular suffix וּתְהֻמֵּם Psalm 144:6; Infinitive suffix לְהֻמָּם Deuteronomy 2:15; Esther 9:24; —
1 move noisily, transitive, drive a wagon in threshing גִּלְגַּל עֶגְּלָתוֺ וּפָרָשָׁיו׳ה Isaiah 28:28 ("" דושׁ).
2 confuse, discomfit, with accusative Exodus 14:24; Exodus 23:27; Joshua 10:10; Judges 4:15; 1 Samuel 7:10; Psalm 18:15 = 2 Samuel 22:15 ("" הפיץ), Psalm 144:6 ("" id.); discomfit, vex, 2 Chronicles 15:6 with accusative & בְּכָלצָֿרָה of instrumental; with accusative also Deuteronomy 2:15 (followed by עַד תֻּמָּם), Esther 9:24 (followed by לְאַבְּדָם); probably also Jeremiah 51:34 ("" אָכַל), compare הוּם Deuteronomy 7:23.
הָמַם fut. יָהֹם i.q. הוּם pr. to put in motion, in Bewegung feßen; hence
(1) to impel, to drive. Isaiah 28:28, הָמַם גִּלְגַּל עֶגְלָתוֹ “he drives the wheels of his threshing wain.” (Comp. Arab. حَمَّ to urge on a beast.)
(2) to disturb, to put in commotion, to put to flight, e.g. when used of God, his enemies, Exodus 14:24, 23:27 Joshua 10:10. Psalms 144:6, שְׁלַח חִצֶּיךָ וּתְהֻמֵּם “send forth thine arrows, and put them (the enemies) to flight.” Psalms 18:15. 2 Chronicles 15:6, אֱלֹהִים הֲמָמָם בְּכָל־צָרָה “God disturbed them with every misery.” Hence
(3) to destroy utterly, to make extinct, Deuteronomy 2:15; Esther 9:24 (where it is joined with אִבֵּד). Jeremiah 51:34 (with אָכַל).
[Derivative, pr.n. הוֹמָם.]