the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1713 - ἔμπορος
- one on a journey, whether by sea or by land, esp. for trade
- a merchant as opposed to a retailer or petty tradesman
I one who goes on ship-board as a passenger, Od. 2.319, 24.300.
II = ὁ ἐν πόρψ ὤν, wayfarer, traveller, B. 17.36, A. Ch. 661, S. OC 25, 303, E. Alc. 999 (lyr.).
1. merchant, trader, Semon. 16, Hdt. 2.39, Th. 6.31, etc.; distd. from the retail-dealer (κάπηλος) by his making voyages and importing goods himself, Pl. Prt. 313d, R. 371a, Arist. Pol. 1291a16, Sch. Ar. Pl. 1156: metaph., ἔ. κακῶν A. Pers. 598; ἔ. βίου a trafficker in life, E. Hipp. 964; ἔ. περὶ τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς μαθήματα Pl. Sph. 231d; ὥρης ἔ. a dealer in beauty, AP 9.416 (Phil.); ἔ. γυναικῶν IG 14.2000.
2. as Adj., = ἐμπορικός, ναῦς ἔ. D.S. 5.12.
ἔμπορος (see ἐν, III. 3), ἐμπόρου, ὁ (πόρος);
1. equivalent to ὁ ἐπ' ἀλλοτρίας νεώς πλέων μισθοῦ, ὁ ἐπιβάτης; so Hesychius, with whom agree Phavorinus and the Schol. ad Aristophanes, Plutarch, 521; and so the word is used by Homer.
2. after Homer one on a journey, whether by sea or by land, especially for traffic; hence,
3. a merchant (opposed to κάπηλος a retailer, petty tradesman): Revelation 18:3, 11, 15, 23; ἄνθρωπος ἔμπορος (see ἄνθρωπος, 4 a.), Matthew 13:45 (WH text omits ἄνθρωπος). (the Sept. for סֹחֵד and רֹכֵל.)
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ἔμ -πορος , -ου , ὁ
(< πόρος , a journey),
1. a passenger on shipboard, one on a journey.
2. a merchant: Matthew 13:45, Revelation 18:3; Revelation 18:11; Revelation 18:15; Revelation 18:23. †
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In BGU III. 1012.3 (ii/B.C.) we have a letter addressed to Antaeus παρὰ Μαρρέου [ς τ ]οῦ Πετ [ο ]σείριος ἐμπόρου, and in ib. IV. 1061.15 (B.C. 14) an attack is made ληστρικῶι τρόπωι ἐπί τινα ἔμπορον τῶν ἐκ τοῦ Ὀξυρυγχίτου. P Oxy I. 36ii. 9 (ii/iii A.D.) provides that if the tax-farmer desires that a ship be unloaded—.13 ff. ὁ ἔμπορος ἐκφορτιζέ [τ ]ω, ";the merchant shall unload it,"; but that if the ship’s ";manifest"; be found correct—ὁ τελώνης τ [ὴ ]ν δαπάνην τῷ ἐμπό [ρ ]ῳ τοῦ ἐκφορτισμοῦ ἀποδ [ότ ]ω, ";the tax-farmer shall repay to the merchant the cost of unloading."; Add Preisigke 1070 τὸ προσκύνημα Ἡρακλεί [δ ]ου Μενεμεν.αλιτος ἐμπόρου παρὰ τῷ θ [ε ]ῷ κυρί [ῳ Βησᾷ. For ἔμπορος in its primitive sense of viator Herwerden (Lex. s.v.) cites Bacchyl. xvii. 36 ἔμπορον οἷ᾽ ἀλάταν ἐπ᾽ ἀλλοδαμίαν, ";like a wayfarer who wanders forth to a strange folk"; (Jebb) : cf. Cagnat IV. 144.10 (Cyzicus, i/A.D.) τῶν ἀπὸ τῆς [Ἀσίας. . . ]ν ἐνπόρων καὶ ξένων τῶν ἐληλυθότων εἰς τὴν πανήγυριν. For the ";classic"; distinction between ἔμπορος and κάπηλος see Plato de Rep. ii. 371D.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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