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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Lead was used, as it still is, all along the Mediterranean shores for sinkers. Pieces of Egyptian fishnets probably dating from 1200
Lead was used by the ancients for binding stones together. In most of the ancient ruins of Syria the Arabs have dug holes at the seams between stones in walls and columns in order to remove the iron, bronze, or lead thus used. In the museum of the Syrian Protestant College, Beirut, there are several specimens of cast-lead sarcophagi dating from the time of Christ.
In Job 19:23 , Job 19:14 , lead is mentioned as used in the engraving of permanent records. Two inferences might he drawn from this passage: either that the letters were cut with a chisel (pen) and then the cutting was filled with lead, or that sheets of lead were used as tablets on which to grave the record with an iron tool. Lead is frequently referred to along with iron, brass, silver and tin (Numbers 31:22; Ezekiel 22:18 , Ezekiel 22:20; Ezekiel 27:12 ). The use of lead for plumblines is implied in Amos 7:7 , Amos 7:8; Zechariah 4:10; as a weight in Zechariah 5:7 , Zechariah 5:8 . That Old Testament writers understood the use of lead for purifying gold is shown by Jeremiah 6:29 and Ezekiel 22:18-22 (compare Malachi 3:2 , Malachi 3:3 ). See METALS;
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Lead'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/l/lead.html. 1915.