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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
denotes "inactive, idle, unfruitful, barren" (a, negative, and ergon, "work;" cp. the verb katargeo, "to reduce to inactivity:" See ABOLISH); it is used (a) literally, Matthew 20:3,6; 1 Timothy 5:13 (twice); Titus 1:12 , RV , "idle (gluttons);" 2 Peter 1:8 , RV , "idle," AV, "barren;" (b) metaphorically in the sense of "ineffective, worthless," as of a word, Matthew 12:36; of faith unaccompanied by works, James 2:20 (some mss. have nekra, "dead").
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Idle'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/i/idle.html. 1940.