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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
"to cause to swear, to lay under the obligation of an oath" (horkos, Mark 5:7; Acts 19:13 ), is connected with the Heb. word for a thigh, cp. Genesis 24:2,9; 47:29 . Some mss. have this word in 1 Thessalonians 5:27 . The most authentic have No. 3 (below). See CHARGE.
an intensive form of No. 1, signifies "to appeal by an oath, to adjure," Matthew 26:63 . In the Sept., Genesis 24:3; Judges 17:2; 1 Kings 22:16 .
to put under (or bind by) an oath," is translated "adjure" in the RV of 1 Thessalonians 5:27 (AV, "charge"). In the Sept., Nehemiah 13:25 .Note: The synonymous verb omnumi signifies "to make an oath, to declare or promise with an oath." See, e.g., Mark 6:23 , in contrast to Mark 5:7 (horkizo). See OATH and SWEAR.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Adjure'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/a/adjure.html. 1940.
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