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Be not thou envious = Do not get excited. Compare Proverbs 23:17 .
mischief. Hebrew. 'amal. App-44 . Not the same word as in Proverbs 24:8 and Proverbs 24:16 .
wisdom. Hebrew. chakmah. See note on Proverbs 1:2 .
chambers = inner chambers.
A wise man, &c. = A strong man [if wise] is strong indeed. Aramaean, Syriac, and Septuagint read "[Better] a wise man than a mighty".
man. Hebrew. geber. App-14 .
increaseth strength. Aram, and Syriac read "than one who is strong".
multitude, &c. But they must all be "counsellors". Compare Proverbs 11:10 with Proverbs 15:22 .
Wisdom. Hebrew, plural = true wisdom. See notes on Proverbs 1:20 ; Proverbs 9:1 ; and Compare Proverbs 14:1 .
is too high = seems to be, or is regarded as coral: i.e. as an ornament costly, and, to him, unattainable. Occurs three times (here, Job 28:18 , and Ezekiel 27:16 ).
fool. Hebrew. 'evil. See note on Proverbs 1:7 .
openeth not his mouth in the gate: i.e. where the judges sit. A fool is not appointed as a judge.
mischievous person = a genius at plots. Hebrew. zimmah = plots. Not the same word as in Proverbs 24:2 and Proverbs 24:16 .
thought, &c. Compare Proverbs 4:23 .Job 1:5 .Jeremiah 4:14 .Matthew 9:3 , Matthew 9:4 ; Matthew 15:19 , Matthew 15:20 .
foolishness = the foolish. Hebrew. 'evil (Proverbs 24:7 ).
sin. Hebrew. chata'. App-44 .
scorner = scoffer.
men. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 . Same word as in verses: Proverbs 24:12 , Proverbs 24:30 .
If thou faint, &c. Adversity is sent to try our strength; and, if we fail, it is proved to be weakness. Illustrations: Jacob (Genesis 42:36 ); David (1 Samuel 27:1 ); Elijah (1 Kings 19:3 , 1 Kings 19:4 ); Jonah (Jonah 4:8 ).
If thou forbear. This is counsel for a ruler or judge, and is FOR Solomon. See the Structure (p. 891). Illustrations: Doeg (1 Samuel 22:18 ); Pilate (Luke 23:22-24 ).
deliver = snatch, or rescue.
drawn, &c. = being taken to execution.
knew it not = we knew not of it.
soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
My son. Confirming the Structure (p. 891).
cut off. Compare Proverbs 24:20 with Proverbs 23:18 .
wicked = lawless. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 . (singular), Proverbs 24:16 (plural)
the righteous = a just one.
just = righteous.
the wicked = lawless ones.
mischief = calamity. Hebrew. ra'a'. Not the same word as in Proverbs 24:2 and Proverbs 24:8 .
Rejoice not. Illustrations: Tyre (Ezekiel 26:2-6 ); Ammon (Ezekiel 25:6 ); David (2 Samuel 1:11 , 2 Samuel 1:12 ). Compare Psalms 35:13 , Psalms 35:14 ); Jeremiah (Jeremiah 9:1 ); Edom (Obadiah 1:11-14 ).
from him. Supply Ellipsis, "from him [to thee]".
Fret not = Chafe not thyself. Compare Psalms 37:1 , Psalms 37:7 , Psalms 37:8 .
evil men = evil-doers. Compare Psalms 37:1 , Psalms 37:7 , Psalms 37:8 . Same word as in Proverbs 24:8 .
envious = excited.
the wicked = lawless ones.
reward = posterity, or future.
candle = lamp. The idiom is used for having no posterity.
meddle not = mingle not, i.e. have nothing to do with.
them that are given to change = with them that make a difference [between a wicked king and a wicked common man].
their: i.e. the king and a common man.
calamity = overthrow.
ruin = catastrophe.
both: i.e. the two who are the subjects of this counsel.
belong to = are [the words of] the wise (plural) See the Structure, p. 891, and note on Proverbs 22:17 .
the wicked. Unto a wicked [king]: i.e. as well as to an ordinary man.
wicked = lawless. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .
people = peoples.
rebuke him: i.e. rebuke a wicked king.
kiss his lips = do homage with his lips to him.
right = straightforward.
deceive. Hebrew. pathah. See note on Proverbs 11:18 .
as = according as.
understanding. Hebrew "heart": put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for the discernment coming from it. See note on Proverbs 1:2 .
saw = gazed.
considered it well = set my heart upon it.
poverty = need. Hebrew. rush. See note on Proverbs 6:11 .
an armed man = a man with a shield.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 24". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20