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When = Forasmuch as. Taking the act for granted.
thou. The second person is continued down to Proverbs 23:24 .
Consider = Discern.
what: or, who.
And put = Then thou wilt put.
a man given, &c. Illustrations: Esau (Genesis 25:30 ); Isaac (Genesis 25:28 ; Genesis 27:4 ); those referred to in Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:18 , Philippians 1:19 .
appetite = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
dainties = dainty meals.
deceitful meat = meat that deceives. Hebrew. kazah. See note on Proverbs 11:18 .
Labour not, &c. Illustrations: Lot (Genesis 13:10 , Genesis 13:13 ); the rich fool (Luke 12:16-20 . Compare Proverbs 10:16 ). See Jeremiah's advice (Jeremiah 45:5 ).
wisdom. Hebrew. binah. See note on Proverbs 1:2 . Not the same word as in verses: Proverbs 23:9 , Proverbs 23:23 .
For. This is the reason why "it is gone".
thinketh, &c. = estimates himself.
heart = soul. Hebrew. nephesh .
fool. Hebrew. kesil. See note on Proverbs 1:7 .
he will despise. Illustration: Amaziah (2 Chronicles 25:1 , 2 Chronicles 25:16 ).
wisdom = intelligence. Hebrew. sekel. See note on Proverbs 1:2 . Not the same word as in verses: Proverbs 23:4 , Proverbs 23:23 .
words = sayings. Hebrew. millah = discourse.
old landmark = ancient boundary. Compare Proverbs 22:28 .
fields. Some codices, with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "field" (singular)
fatherless. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), for all bereaved ones.
Redeemer = kinsman-redeemer. Hebrew. ga'al. See note on Exodus 6:6 ; Exodus 13:13 .
child = youth.
deliver = rescue.
hell = hades. See App-35 .
reins = kidneys. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for affections and impulses.
sinners. Hebrew. chata'. App-44 .
the fear of the LORD. See note on Proverbs 1:7 .
an end = a hereafter, or latter end.
expectation. Hebrew. tikvah. See note on Proverbs 10:28 .
my son. Note the characteristic of this member (p 891).
winebibbers. Hebrew. yayin ( App-27 .) and saba' = drinkers to excess.
eaters of flesh = selfish eaters.
poverty = dispossession. Hebrew. yarash. See note on Proverbs 6:11 .
Hearken. This determines the Structure (p. 891).
thy father. Note this mark of "Proverbs FOR Solomon".
wisdom. Hebrew. chakmah. See note on Proverbs 1:2 . Not the same word as in verses: Proverbs 23:4 , Proverbs 23:8 .
the righteous = a just one.
heart. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for attention.
observe = delight in.
strange = foreign. Hebrew. nakar. See note on Proverbs 2:16 ; Proverbs 5:3 . Not the same word as in Proverbs 23:33 .
transgressors = traitors.
wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27 .
mixed wine. Hebrew. mimsak. App-27 .
his colour = its sparkle.
strange = apostate. Hebrew. zur. See note on Proverbs 2:16 , Proverbs 5:3 . Not the same word as in Proverbs 23:27 .
midst. Hebrew "heart".
top = basket: i.e. the look-out basket or cradle on the mast.
felt = knew.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 23". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26