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At the seventeenth verse of the previous chapter the section of the Book begins in which the method is slightly changed. While the teaching is still proverbial, it takes the form of longer discourses on general themes. The preacher first appeals to his hearer to listen because of the importance of wisdom already set forth. Then follows a discourse on social responsibilities. The behavior of the wise toward different classes is described. The poor are not to be oppressed. Jehovah is their Defender. A man of violent temper is to be let alone lest his way be learned. Suretyship is to be avoided lest it lead to poverty. Established rights in property are to be respected. Diligence in business admits to positions of influence. When because of his diligence a man is admitted to the company of kings he should practice self-restraint. The possession of wealth is uncertain and is not to be coveted. The hospitality of the evil is not to be accepted. Wisdom is not to be wasted on a fool. The misfortunes of men are not to be used as opportunities to wrong them. Devotion to the acquisition of knowledge is to be maintained. The correction of a child is not to be neglected.
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Proverbs 23". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26