Attention!
15 million Ukrainian are displaced by Russia's war.
Millions miss a meal or two each day.
Help us change that! Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 31

Verse 1

the LORD [Hebrew. Jehovah. spake. See note on Exodus 6:16 , and compare note on Exodus 3:7 .

Verse 2

See . Figure of speech Asterismos ( App-6 ), to call our attention to the importance of this member. I have called. Note the qualifications in T and T: "I have filled", "I have given", "I have put", &c. Compare John 3:27 . No Tubal-Cain could instruct these artificers.

Verse 3

spirit . Hebrew. ruach. App-9 . Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the gifts of the Holy Spirit

God. Hebrew. Elohim. the Creator. App-4 .

and . Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) in verses Exodus 31:3-5 , emphasising the four particulars and details.

Verse 4

devise . Note the 5 and the 7 (see App-10 ). See note on Exo 31:26 . Cunning works. Gold, silver, brass, stones, 5 7 timber. All workmanship.

Verse 6

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos ( App-6 ) for emphasis. Note also the "I "emphasised.

I have put, &c. See note on Exodus 31:2 .

Verse 7

tabernacle = tent. Hebrew. 'ohel. App-40 .

and . Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ), emphasising twelve things to be made in verses: Exodus 31:7-11 .

Verse 13

children = sons.

My sabbaths . Another special reference to this in connection with any special position in which Israel might be placed. (1) The manna, Exodus 16:0 ; (2) the giving of the law, Exodus 20:0 ; (3) the making of the Tabernacle, Exodus 31:0 .

you. Israel, not the church of God.

Verse 14

soul . Hebrew. nephesh ( App-13 ).

Verse 15

sabbath of rest . Hebrew sabbath of sabbatizing". See note on Exodus 16:23 .

Verse 17

a sign : that Jehovah is our God-that Christ is LORD.

heaven and earth . One of thirteen occurrences. See note on Deuteronomy 4:26 .

refreshed . Hebrew = verbal form of nephesh ( App-13 ). Figure of speech Anthropopatheia ( App-6 ). See note on Exodus 23:12 .

Verse 18

two tables . These first tables were "the work of God" (Exodus 32:16 ; Exodus 24:12 ).

stone . Singular. The second tables were hewn by Moses (Exodus 34:1-4 , and stones in plural) Both written by God. written. See note on Exodus 17:14 .

finger . Figure of speech Anthropopatheia ( App-6 ).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 31". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/exodus-31.html. 1909-1922.