Attention!
10 million Ukrainians without power because of Russia. Help us purchase electrical generators for churches.
Consider helping today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Exodus 30

Verse 2

cubit . See App-51 .

Verse 3

sides . Hebrew. kir, a wall, or side.

crown of gold . See note on Exodus 25:24 .

Verse 4

sides . Hebrew. zad, side.

Verse 6

mercy seat . See note on Exodus 25:17 .

Verse 7

burn : with fire taken from the brasen altar of atonement, implying that there could be no acceptable worship except on the ground of atonement made. All other fire was "strange fire", and all other worship strange worship, and therefore unacceptable.

sweet incense . Heb, incense of spices.

Verse 8

at even . See note on Exodus 29:39 .

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .

Verse 9

offer . Hebrew. `alah. See App-43 .

strange incense = incense different from and other than that which God had prescribed. See note on Leviticus 10:1 .

meat = meal.

Verse 10

once in a year , viz. the tenth day of the seventh month. Leviticus 16:18 , Leviticus 16:29 , Leviticus 16:30 . Numbers 29:7 .

sin offering. See note on Exodus 29:14 .

holy . See note on Exodus 3:5 .

Verse 11

the LORD spake . See note on Exodus 6:10 with Exodus 3:7 .

Verse 12

children = sons.

man . Hebrew. 'ish. See App-14 .

ransom . Hebrew. kapher = covering, hence atonement. See note on Exodus 29:33 .

his soul = himself. Hebrew. nephesh. See App-13 . The acknowledgement of Ezekiel 18:4 .

Verse 13

shekel of the sanctuary . See App-51 . Compare Matthew 17:24 .

gerah , a measure of weight. See App-51 .

offering . Hebrew. terurnah. See App-43 .

Verse 15

The rich = the rich one. "There is no difference "in the matter of atonement, Acts 10:34 .Romans 3:22 , Romans 3:23 ; Romans 10:12 . Then, all Israel without exception: but now "all" without distinction.

offering . Hebrew heave offering. See on Exodus 29:27 , and compare App-43 .

atonement . See note on Exodus 29:33 .

Verse 16

tabernacle = tent. Hebrew. 'ohel. App-40 .

Verse 18

a laver of brass . Probably copper or bronze. See note on Exodus 25:3 . The laver comes after the altar; the altar is for sinners; the laver is for priests = cleansing for worship. Not included in Ex. 25-28, but added here after atonement. John 13:10 is the Divine antitype.

foot. Hebrew base.

Verse 20

burn offering made by fire . Hebrew to burn as incense. See App-43 .

Verse 23

myrrh = gum of Arabian thorny shrubs.

sweet calamus = lemon grass of India.

Verse 24

cassia = the bark of a kind of Indian cinnamon, hin. See App-51 .

Verse 30

consecrate . See note on Exodus 28:4 .

Verse 32

man's . Heb 'adam, human kind. See App-14 . flesh. The oil is the type of the Holy Spirit. His work not to act on the flesh, but to give holy spirit (pneuma hagion). Compare John 3:6 .

Verse 34

the LORD [Jehovah] said. See note on Exodus 3:7 and p. Exodus 6:10 .

sweet spices . Five in number. Compare App-10 .

onycha = a sweet-smelling shell found on the shores of the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.

a like weight . Typical of the perfect proportion of all the excellencies of Christ.

Verse 35

tempered together . Perfect in its parts; perfect in its whole. So in the Antitype.

pure and holy. Typical of the holiness and un imaginable purity of Christ.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 30". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/exodus-30.html. 1909-1922.