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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8257 - שָׁקַע

a primitive root
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1) to sink, sink down, subside

1a) (Qal) to sink

1b) (Niphal) to sink, collapse

1c) (Hiphil) to sink down, cause to settle

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2869 ‑ κοπάζω (kop‑ad'‑zo);  2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  2597 ‑ καταβαίνω (kat‑ab‑ah'ee‑no);  
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Ezekiel 1
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Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2876) oqs (סהקאה ShQAh) AC: Sink CO: Deep AB: ?: [from: hs]

V) oqs (סהקאה ShQAh) - Sink: To sink down. KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) drown, quench, sink, down, deep - Strongs: H8257 (שָׁקַע)

hm) oqsm (מסהקאה MShQAh) - Deep: KJV (1): deep - Strongs: H4950 (מִשְׁקָע)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁקַע] verb sink, sink down (so Late Hebrew שָׁקַע, Aramaic שְׁקַע; Arabic has be smitten, prostrated, collapse ); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular consecutive וְשָֽׁקְעָה; Amos 9:5 it shall sink like the Nile (of land; opposed to עָלַה); 3 feminine singular וַתִּשְׁקַע Numbers 11:2 (JE), of fire, it sunk down, died out; תִּשְׁקַע Jeremiah 51:64, of Babylon (like stone in water; opposed to קוּם).

Niph`al 3 feminine singular נִשְׁקְעָה Amos 8:8 Qr, of land, sink (opposed to עָלָה; =

Qal Amos 9:5; Kt erroneous נשקה, compare W SG287).

Hiph`il Imperfect 1 singular אַשְׁקִיעַמֵימֵיהֶם Ezekiel 32:14 I will make their waters sink, (settle, grow clear); 2 masculine singular וּחְֶבֶל תַּשְׁקִיעַ לְשׁוֺנוֺ Job 40:25 with a cord wilt thou make his tongue sink (? pull or press it down; of crocodile; Mich Suppl,2349 cited Thes 1477, compare Samaritan = חבשׁ bind).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁקַע to subside, to sink down, as fire, Numbers 11:2 to be submerged as a country, Jeremiah 51:64; Amos 9:5, “it is overflowed, כִּיאֹר מִצְריִם as by the river of Egypt,” where it is joined with an acc. of plenty.

Niphal, to be submerged (of a country), Amos 8:8 קרי. In כתיב for נִשְׁקְעָה there is נִשְׁקָה by elision of ע.


(1) to cause to sink down, water, Ezekiel 32:14.

(2) to sink, to depress, Job 40:25 בְּחֶבֶל תַּשְׁקִיעַ לְשֹׁנוֹ “canst thou sink down his tongue with a cord?” canst thou tame him (the crocodile) by putting a cord or bridle in his mouth?

Derivatives, מִשְׁקָע.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׁקִ֣יעַ אשקיע וְנִשְׁקְעָ֖ה וְשָׁקְעָ֖ה וַתִּשְׁקַ֖ע ונשקעה ושקעה ותשקע תִּשְׁקַ֨ע תַּשְׁקִ֥יעַ תשקיע תשקע ’aš·qî·a‘ ’ašqîa‘ ashKia taš·qî·a‘ tashKia tašqîa‘ tiš·qa‘ tishKa tišqa‘ vattishKa venishkeAh veshakeAh wat·tiš·qa‘ wattišqa‘ wə·niš·qə·‘āh wə·šā·qə·‘āh wənišqə‘āh wəšāqə‘āh
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