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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7646 - שָׂבֵעַ
1) to be satisfied, be sated, be fulfilled, be surfeited
1a1) to be sated (with food)
1a2) to be sated, be satisfied with, be fulfilled, be filled, have one’s fill of (have desire satisfied)
1a3) to have in excess, be surfeited, be surfeited with
1a3a) to be weary of (figuratively)
1b) (Piel) to satisfy
1c1) to satisfy
1c2) to enrich
1c3) to sate, glut (with the undesired)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
verb be sated, satisfied, surfeited (Late Hebrew (derived species) = Biblical Hebrew; so Assyrian šebû, Arabic , Aramaic סְבַע, , Palmyrene שבע; the Ethiopic verb of same, meaning is :); —
Qal79 Perfect 3 masculine singular שָׂבַע 1 Chronicles 23:1, ׳וְשׂ consecutive Deuteronomy 31:20; 3 plural שָׂבֵ֑עוּ Isaiah 9:19, ׳ושׂ consecutive Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 26:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂבַּע Proverbs 12:11 +, 3 masculine plural יִשְׂבְּעוּן Psalm 104:28, etc.; Imperative שְׂבַעֿ Proverbs 20:13; Infinitive absolute שָׂבוֺע Joel 2:26; 2 Chronicles 31:10; construct לִשְׂבֹּע Exodus 16:8; Lamentations 5:6, לְשָׂבְעָה Haggai 1:6; —
1 be sated (with food), especially human subject:
a. absolute afterאָכַל, Hosea 4:10; Isaiah 9:19; Deuteronomy 8:10; Exodus 16:8 (P), + II t., compare Isaiah 44:16 ("" אָבַל); exposing men to arrogance Deuteronomy 6:11; Deuteronomy 8:12; Deuteronomy 31:20, compare Hosea 13:6 (twice in verse) (Israel under figure of cattle), Jeremiah 50:19 (id.; with ב location; "" רָעָה graze); = have (or get) enough to eat Psalm 37:19; Psalm 59:16, enough to drink Amos 4:8, figurative of sword Jeremiah 46:10, of wine Habakkuk 2:5.
b. with accusative of food Jeremiah 44:17; Lamentations 5:16; Exodus 16:12 (P), + 6t., compare Ezekiel 39:29 (of beasts, in figure), of earth, sated with water (rain) Proverbs 30:16, so of trees (accusative om) Psalm 104:16, figurative of requital Proverbs 18:20b.
c. with מִן of food Job 19:22 (figurative); figurative of earth having its fill (of rain) Psalm 104:13, and (figurative of requital) Proverbs 18:20a; good sense Proverbs 12:14 (strike out טוֺב, so Toy), bad sense Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 14:14; with מִן of source Isaiah 66:11 (figurative).
2 more Generally, be sated, have desire satisfied:
a. absolute Ezekiel 16:28,29 (i.e. with harlotry), Jeremiah 50:10 (with plunder), Isaiah 53:11 (with given result); of eyes Proverbs 27:20, of Sh®°ôl and Abaddon Proverbs 27:20, compare Proverbs 30:15; = have abundance Proverbs 30:9 (exposure to arrogance).
b. with accusative, be satisfied with, have one's fill of: Jeremiah 31:14, compare Psalm 17:15; Psalm 63:6; Proverbs 5:10; Ecclesiastes 5:9, compare (eye subject) Ecclesiastes 4:8 Acc. of sons Psalm 17:14 (si versa l., but text dubious, see Ol Du, compare Bae We), days of life, i.e. reach the full limit (+ זָקֵן) 1 Chronicles 23:1; 2 Chronicles 24:15.
c. with ב of goodness Psalm 65:5, with מִן id. Ecclesiastes 6:3.
d. with ל infinitive, לאֹתִֿשְׂבַּע עַיִן לִרְאוֺת Ecclesiastes 1:8 ("" מָלֵא)
3 have in excess, be surfeited with:
a. lit, with honey (accusative) Proverbs 25:16.
b figurative = be weary of, with accusative of offerings Isaiah 1:11 (subject ׳י), tossings Job 7:4, poverty Proverbs 28:19, shame Habakkuk 2:16, contempt Psalm 123:3; Psalm 123:4 with accusative of person Proverbs 28:17.
c. id., with ב of troubles Psalm 88:4, of reproach Lamentations 3:30.
Niph`al Participle נִשְׂבָּע sated Job 31:31.
Pi`el satisfy, Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְשַׂבִּ֑עוּ Ezekiel 7:19 they shall not satisfy their appitite (נֶפֶשׁ; "" מִלֵּא); Imperative masculine singular suffix, subject ׳י, שַׂבְּעֵנִי חַסְדֶּ֑ךָ Psalm 90:14 (2accusative). ** Now (after ᵑ6 and ᵐ5 Manuscripts) reads שִבַּעְתָּ Habakkuk 3:9, for שְׁבֻעוֺת, compare GASm; Gr Marti שְׂבֵעַת (adjective feminine construct) thy bow is sated with shafts. We thinks hopeless.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׂבִּיע Psalm 107:9, ׳וְה consecutive Isaiah 58:11; 2 feminine singular הִשְׂבַּ֫עַתְּ Ezekiel 27:33, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יַשְׂבִּעַנִי Job 9:18 2 masculine singular תַּשְׂבִּיעַ Isaiah 58:10,1singular וָאַשְׂבִּעַ Jeremiah 5:7, suffix אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָּ Psalm 81:17 van d. H., אַשְׂבִּיעֶ֑ךָֿ Baer Gi, etc.; Infinitive construct לְהַשְׂבִּיעַ Job 38:27; Participle מַשְׂבִּיעַ Psalm 103:5; Psalm 145:16; —
1.a. satisfy (especially with material blessings), subject ׳י, with acc. person Jeremiah 5:7 (exposing men to arrogance), Isaiah 58:11 (accusativeנֶפֶשׁ; of refreshment in drought, ב location, figurative of help and blessing), Psalm 107:9 (accusative נֶפֶשׁ; "" מִלֵּא), compare Psalm 103:5 (ב instrumental, on accusative see עֲדִי); with accusative of ground Job 38:27 (i.e. with rain); human subject, with accusative נֶפֶשׁ Isaiah 58:10
b. with accusative of food + person, ׳י subject, Psalm 81:17 ("" הֶאֱכִיל), Psalm 105:40; Psalm 132:15; Psalm 147:14; with accusative of person + אֹרֶךְ יָמִים Psalm 91:16.
c.׳י subject, accusative of thing + ל person, לְבָלחַֿי רָצוֺן׳מַשׂ Psalm 145:16.
d. ׳י subject, c accusative of beast + מִמְּךָ (of Pharaoh, in prophetic figurative) Ezekiel 32:4.
2 enrich subject Tyre, with accusative of a people Ezekiel 27:33 ("" הֶעֱשִׁיר).
3 sate, glut (with the undesired), subject ׳י, with accusative of person + ב of thing Lamentations 3:15, accusative of person + Job 9:18.
(1) to be or become satisfied or satiated (Arab. شَبِعَ id. I place the primary idea in abundance of drink; compare סָבָא; although in the common use of the language this verb is more employed as to food than as to drink) Frequently used of one satisfied with food, Deuteronomy 31:20; Ruth 2:14; Isaiah 44:16, etc.; more rarely of one who is so with drink, i.q. רָוָה Amos 4:8 hence used of a well-watered land, Proverbs 30:16; Psalms 104:16. It is ascribed to the soul (see ופְנְ No. 2 ), Ecclesiastes 6:3 and metaph. to the eye which is satisfied with seeing, Ecclesiastes 1:8 compare Isaiah 53:11; Psalms 17:15. Constr. absol. Hosea 4:10; Psalms 37:19 followed by an acc. of the thing, as שָׂבַע לֶחֶם to be satisfied with bread, Exodus 16:12; Job 27:14; Ecclesiastes 5:9 followed by מִן Proverbs 14:14, 18:20 Job 31:31 followed by בְּ Psalms 65:5, 88:4 followed by לְ before an inf., Ecclesiastes 1:8. Metaph. it is said, to be satisfied with money, Ecclesiastes 5:9 with shame, Lamentations 3:30; Habakkuk 2:16 with contempt, Psalms 123:4 with calamity, Psalms 88:4.
(2) Sometimes the notion of weariness and loathing is added, Isaiah 1:11; Job 7:4; Proverbs 25:17. שָׂבַע יָמִים to be full of days, 1 Chronicles 23:1; 2 Chronicles 24:15.
Piel, to satisfy, Ezekiel 7:19 followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Psalms 90:14.
Hiphil, to satisfy; followed by an acc. of pers. Psalms 107:9 followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Psalms 132:15 followed by מִן of the thing, Ezekiel 32:4 Ps. 81:17 followed by בְּ of thing, Psalms 103:5. Once followed by לְ of pers. and acc. of thing, Psalms 145:16. Metaph. Psalms 91:16.
Derivatives, the five following nouns