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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6711 - צָחַק

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to laugh, mock, play

1a) (Qal) to laugh

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to jest

1b2) to sport, play, make sport, toy with, make a toy of

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1070 ‑ γελάω (ghel‑ah'‑o);  1702 ‑ ἐμπαίζω (emp‑aheed'‑zo);  3815 ‑ παίζω (paheed'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (13)
Genesis 11
Exodus 1
NAS (14)
Genesis 13
Exodus 1
HCS (13)
Genesis 11
Exodus 1
BSB (19)
Genesis 17
Exodus 1
ESV (12)
Genesis 11
WEB (13)
Genesis 11
Exodus 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2660) qhy (תסההק TsHhQ) AC: Laugh CO: Laugh AB: ?: A laughing in play or mockery. [from: hc- coming from the belly]

V) qhy (תסההק TsHhQ) - Laugh: KJV (13): (vf: Paal, Piel) laugh, mock, sport, play - Strongs: H6711 (צָחַק)

cm) qfhy (תסההוק TsHhWQ) - Laugh: KJV (2): laugh - Strongs: H6712 (צְחֹק)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [צָחַק] verb laugh (Arabic , laugh, Syriac , compare Ba Esther 34; see also שׂחק); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular צָֽחֲקָה Genesis 18:13, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִצֲחַקֿ Genesis 21:6, וַיִּצְחָ֑ק Genesis 17:17; 3 feminine singular וַתִּצְחַק Genesis 18:12; — laugh, Genesis 18:12,13,15 (twice in verse) (J), Genesis 17:17 (P); with ל at, concerning, Genesis 21:6.

Pi`el Imperfect וַיְצַחֵק Judges 16:25; Infinitive construct לְצַחֵק Exodus 32:6, לְצַ֫חֶק בָּנוּ (בִּיׅ Genesis 39:14,17; Participle מְצַחֵק Genesis 19:14; Genesis 26:8, מְצַחֶ֑ק Genesis 21:9; —

1 jest Genesis 19:14 (J).

2 sport, play Genesis 21:9 (E) Exodus 32:6 (J); make sport for Judges 16:25 (לִפְנֵי; "" וִישַׂחֶקלָֿ֑נוּ); toy with (אֶת), of conjugal caresses Genesis 26:8 (compare Doughty Arab. Des. i. 231), make a toy of, with ב, Genesis 39:14,17 (all J).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָחַק to laugh. (Arabic ضَحِكَ, Syr. and Nasor. ܓܚܟ, Chald. also חוּךְ id.; all of which are onomatopoetic, and accord with the Greek καχάζω, καγχάζω, Lat. cachinnor, Germ. kichern. This root, with the exception of the passages Judges 16:25; Ezekiel 23:32, is only found in the Pentateuch, and the later writers and poets use instead of it the softer form שָׂחַק. Comp. עָעַק.) Genesis 18:12, seq.; followed by לְ with any one, Genesis 21:6.


(1) to play, to sport, to jest (prop. iteratively, to laugh repeatedly), Exodus 32:6; Genesis 19:14 specially

(a) with singing or dancing, Genesis 21:9; Judges 16:25.

(b) with women (like παίζειν, ludere), Genesis 26:8.

(2) to make sport of any one, followed by בְּ, and more emphatically, to mock, Genesis 39:14, 17 Genesis 39:17. Hence

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List of Word Forms
וַיְצַחֵק֙ וַיִּצְחָ֑ק וַתִּצְחַ֥ק ויצחק ותצחק יִֽצְחַק־ יצחק־ כִמְצַחֵ֖ק כמצחק לְצַ֣חֶק לְצַ֥חֶק לְצַחֵֽק׃ לצחק לצחק׃ מְצַחֵ֔ק מְצַחֵֽק׃ מצחק מצחק׃ צָחֲקָ֨ה צָחַ֖קְתִּי צָחָֽקְתְּ׃ צחקה צחקת׃ צחקתי chimtzaChek ḵim·ṣa·ḥêq ḵimṣaḥêq lə·ṣa·ḥeq lə·ṣa·ḥêq ləṣaḥeq ləṣaḥêq leTzachek mə·ṣa·ḥêq məṣaḥêq metzaChek ṣā·ḥă·qāh ṣā·ḥā·qət ṣā·ḥaq·tî ṣāḥăqāh ṣāḥāqət ṣāḥaqtî tzachaKah tzaChaket tzaChakti vaiyitzChak vattitzChak vaytzaChek wat·tiṣ·ḥaq wattiṣḥaq way·ṣa·ḥêq way·yiṣ·ḥāq wayṣaḥêq wayyiṣḥāq yiṣ·ḥaq- yiṣḥaq- yitzchak
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