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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1070 - γελάω

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
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  1. to laugh
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6711 ‑ צָחַק (tsaw‑khak');  7832 ‑ שָׂחַק (saw‑khak');  8055 ‑ שָׂמַח (saw‑makh');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


γελόω Od. 21.105, Aeol. γέλαιμι Hdn.Gr. 2.463, al.; part. γελόωντες Od. 18.40, γελώοντες, -ώωντες, or -οίωντες ib. 111, cf. 20.390; impf. γελώων or -οίων 20.347; Dor. part. γελᾶσα, 3 pl. γελᾶντι, Theoc. 1.36, 90; Aeol. γελαίσας Sapph. 2.5: Att. fut. γελάσομαι Pl. Phdr. 252b, X. Smp. 1.16, etc.; later γελάσω AP 2.178 (Mel.), 11.29 (Autom.), Anacreont. 38.8, etc.: aor. ἐγέλᾰσα E. IT 276, etc.; ἐγέλασσα Il. 15.101; Dor. ἐγέλαξα Theoc. 20. [*], v.l.ib. 7.42; 3 pl. γέλαν for ἐγέλασαν Poet. ap. EM 255.6: Pass., fut. -ασθήσομαι D.L. 1.78, Luc. Amos 2:1-16 : aor. ἐγελάσθην D. 2.10, (κατ-) Th. 3.83, Pl. Euthphr. 3c, etc.: pf. γεγέλασται (κατα-) Luc. DMort. 1.1.

I abs.,

1. laugh, ἁπαλὸν γελάσαι Od. 14.465; ἀχρεῖον γ. 18.163; γναθμοῖσι γελοίων ἀλλοτρίοισιν 20.347; δακρυόεν γ. Il. 6.484; μηδὲν ἵλεων γ. S. Aj. 1011; ἡ δ' ἐγέλασσε χείλεσιν, of feigned laughter, Il. 15.101; ἐγέλασσε δέ οἱ φίλον ἦτορ his heart laughed within him, 21.389; γελῶ ὁρῶν Hdt. 4.36: Pass., εἵνεκα τοῦ γελασθῆι αι for the sake of a laugh being raised, D. 2.19.

2. of things, γέλασσε δὲ πᾶσα περὶ χθών Il. 19.362; γαῖά τε πᾶσ' ἐγέλασσε h.Cer. 14; γελᾷ δέ τε δό ματα πατρός Hes. Th. 40; γελῶντα ὑδάτη Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 32.4.


1. laugh at, ἐπ' αὐτῷ ἡδὺ γέλασσαν Il. 2.270, 23.784; ἐπ' ἀλλήλοισι γελῶσιν Thgn. 1113; γελᾷ δὲ δαίμων ἐπ' ἀνδρὶ θερμῷ laughs scornfully at.., A. Eu. 560 (lyr.); ἐπί τινι at a thing, X. Mem. 4.2.5, Pl. Phlb. 50a: freq. c. dat., γελᾷ δὲ τοῖσδε.. ἄχεσιν πολὺν γέλωτα S. Aj. 957 (lyr.), cf. 1043, Ar. Nu. 560; ἐγέλασα ψολοκομπίαις was amused at them, Id. Eq. 696; ὅταν ποτ' ἀνθρώποισιν ἡ τύχη γελᾷ Philem. 110; εἰς ἐχθροὺς γ. S. Aj. 79; ἐν κακοῖσι τοῖς ἐμοῖς A. Ch. 222: rarely c. gen. pers., γελᾷ μου S. Ph. 1125 (lyr.), cf. Pl. Tht. 175b, Luc. Dem.Enc. 16, Procop. Goth. 4.28 (v.l.).

2. c. acc., deride, τινά Theoc. 20.1; ἢ τόδε γελᾶτε, εἰ..; X. Smp. 2.19; τί δὲ τοῦτ' ἐγέλασας ἐτεόν; what is this you are laughing at ? Ar. Nu. 820: Pass., to be derided, A. Eu. 789 (lyr.), S. Ant. 839 (lyr.); πρός τινος Id. Ph. 1023; παρά τινος Id. OC 1423.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γελάω, γελῶ; future γελάσω (in Greek writings more common γελάσομαι (Buttmann, 53 (46); Winers Grammar, 84 (80))); (from Homer down); to laugh: Luke 6:21 (opposed to κλαίω), 25. (Compare: καταγελάω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γελάω , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6711, H7832;]

to laugh: Luke 6:25; fut., γελάσω (M, Pr., 154), Luke 6:21 (cf. κατα -γελάω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 802.70 (iii/B.C.) τὸν δὲ θεὸν γελάσαντα φά [μ ]εν νιν παυσεῖν (τᾶς νόσου ), P Oxy III. 471.88 (ii/A.D.) γέλωτα πολὺν καὶ ἀνειμένον . . . γελᾶν , ";laughed long and freely"; (Edd.) If we desiderate proof that the ancients laughed with the same articulation as ourselves, we may refer to P Leid W xi. 30 (ii/iii A.D.) εἰπὼν ἐκρότησε γ ̄, κ (αὶ )ἐγέλασεν ὁ θεὸς ἑπιτάκις , χα , χα , χα , χα , χα , χα , χα . γελάσαντος δὲ αὐτοῦ ἐγεννήθησαν θεοὶ ζ ̄, οἵτινες τὰ πάντα περιέχουσιν . A Lycian epitaph may be quoted from Ormerod and Robinson’s inscrr. in JHS xxxiv. p. 1 ff. : no. 26.20 παῖζε γέλα παροδεῖτα , βλέπων ὅτι καὶ σὲ θανεῖν δεῖ —it is the analogue of the commonplace quoted in 1 Corinthians 15:32. For the fut. act., as in Luke 6:21 (cf. Job 29:24, 4 Maccabees 5:28), see Proleg. p. 154. MGr has γελῶ .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γελάσαι γελασετε γελάσετε γελάσομαι γελάσονται γελάσω γελοιάζειν γελοιασμόν γελοιαστών γελώ γελωντες γελώντες γελῶντες εγέλασα εγέλασαν εγέλασας εγέλασε gelasete gelásete gelontes gelôntes gelōntes gelō̂ntes
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