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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6544 - פָּרַע

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to lead, act as leader

2) to let go, let loose, ignore, let alone

2a) (Qal)

2a1) to let go, let loose

2a2) to let alone, avoid, neglect

2a3) to loosen

2b) (Niphal) to be let loose, be loosened of restraint

2c) (Hiphil)

2c1) to cause to refrain

2c2) to show lack of restraint

2c3) to let loose restraints

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1291 ‑ διαστέλλω (dee‑as‑tel'‑lom‑ahee);  683 ‑ ἀπωθέω (ap‑o‑theh'‑om‑ahee, ap‑o'‑thom‑ahee);  177 ‑ ἀκατακάλυπτος (ak‑at‑ak‑al'‑oop‑tos);  601 ‑ ἀποκαλύπτω (ap‑ok‑al‑oop'‑to);  757 ‑ ἄρχω (ar'‑kho);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  1291 ‑ διαστέλλω (dee‑as‑tel'‑lom‑ahee);  1294 ‑ διαστρέφω (dee‑as‑tref'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Exodus 3
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 6
Ezekiel 1
HCS (0)
HCS (16)
Exodus 3
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 6
Ezekiel 1
BSB (16)
Exodus 3
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 6
Ezekiel 1
ESV (13)
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 6
Ezekiel 1
WEB (17)
Exodus 3
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 6
Ezekiel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2641) orp (פראה PRAh) AC: Loose CO: Hair AB: ?

V) orp (פראה PRAh) - Loose: To uncover, remove or let go. Such as to make naked by removing clothing or uncovering the head. KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) refuse, uncover, naked, avenging, avoid, go, bare, let, nought, perish - Strongs: H6544 (פָּרַע)

Nm) orp (פראה PRAh) - Long hair: As let loose. KJV (2): locks - Strongs: H6545 (פֶּרַע)

Nf1) eorp (פראהה PRAhH) - Revenge: In the sense of letting loose. KJV (2): revenge, avenge - Strongs: H6546 (פֶּרַע)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [מָּרַע] verb denominative act as leader, lead (?); — only Infinitive construct בִּפְרֹעַ Judges 5:2, see above

III. מָּרַע verb let go, let alone (Late Hebrew id. unbind (hair), uncover; Arabic be empty, vacant, unoccupied (with of thing), Syriac uncover; ᵑ7מְּרַע = Late Hebrew); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וּפָרַע Numbers 5:18; suffix מְּרָעֹה (Ges§ 7b, c) Exodus 32:25; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְרָ֑ע Leviticus 21:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix מְּרָעֵהוּ Proverbs 4:15; Infinitive cstr. מְּרֹע Judges 5:2; Participle act. מּוֺרֵעַ Proverbs 13:18; Proverbs 15:32; pass. מָּרוּעַ Leviticus 13:45, מָּרֻעַ Ezekiel 32:25; —

1 let go, let loose, people, i.e. remove restraint from them, Exodus 32:25 (twice in verse) (E); compare Job 15:4 Che JQ, July 1897,577 (תִּפְרָע for תִּגְרַע); unbind head (by removing turban, sign of mourning) Leviticus 10:6; Leviticus 21:10 (forbidden to priests); also, Leviticus 13:45 (leper), Numbers 5:18 (womsn; all with ראֹשׁ; see Now Archaeology ii. 114; > denominative from מֶּרַע Gerber18 and others).

2 let alone = avoid Proverbs 4:15; = neglect Proverbs 1:25; Proverbs 8:33; Proverbs 13:18; Proverbs 15:32; absolute = refrain Ezekiel 24:14. — Judges 5:2 see I. מֶּרַע.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִדָממּ֫רַע עָ֑ם Proverbs 29:18 the people is let loose, lacks restraint.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הַפְרִיעַ 2 Chronicles 28:19; Imperfect 2 masculine plural תַּפְרִיעוּ Exodus 5:4; —

1 cause people to refrain, מִמַּעֲשָׂיו Exodus 5:4.

2 shew lack of restraint 2 Chronicles 28:19.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to loose, to let go. (Syr. ܦܪܰܥ id. Compare the roots, beginning with פר under the word פָּרַד). Hence

(a) to remit a penalty, Ezekiel 24:14.

(b) to overlook, to reject as counsel, admonition, Proverbs 1:25, 4:15 8:33 13:18 15:32.

(c) to let the reins loose to any one, to let go unbridled. Part. pass. פָּרוּעַ lawless, unbridled, Exodus 32:25.

(2) to make naked (from the idea of loosening, casting off, the garments), e.g. the head, Numbers 5:18, specially by shaving, Levit. 10:6 21:10. Part. פָּרוּעַ made naked, naked, Leviticus 13:45. (Chald. and Talm. id.)

(3) to begin, ἄρχομαι (from the idea of loosing and opening, compare הֵחֵל), hence to go before. (Arab. فرع to be on high, to be highest, to surpass others; but the primary idea is that of going before, and not that of height). Judges 5:2, בִּפְרֹעַ פְּרָעוֹת בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל well rendered by the LXX. Cod. Alex. and Theod. ἐν τῷ ἄρξασθαι ἀρχηγούς, etc., “which (war) the princes of Israel began,” pr. “went before in,” placed themselves in the front of the battle (daß fich an die Spiße geftellt die Fürften). Opp. to הִתְנַדֵּב הָעָם the people followed willingly.

Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, c, to become unbridled, lawless, Proverbs 29:18.


(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to loose, i.e. to dismiss from work, to cause to leave off, followed by מִן Exodus 5:4. (Arab. فرغ I. IV. to be free from labour).

(2) causat. of Kal No. 1, c, to make unbridled, lawless, 2 Chronicles 28:19.

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List of Word Forms
אֶפְרַ֥ע אפרע בִּפְרֹ֤עַ בפרע הִפְרִ֙יעַ֙ הפריע וַתִּפְרְע֥וּ וּפָרַע֙ ופרע ותפרעו יִפְרָ֔ע יִפָּ֣רַֽע יפרע פְּרָעֵ֥הוּ פְרָעֹ֣ה פָר֔וּעַ פָרֻ֖עַ פּוֹרֵ֣עַ פורע פרוע פרע פרעה פרעהו תִּפְרָ֣עוּ ׀ תִּפְרָֽעוּ׃ תַּפְרִ֥יעוּ תפריעו תפרעו תפרעו׃ ’ep̄·ra‘ ’ep̄ra‘ bifRoa bip̄·rō·a‘ bip̄rōa‘ efRa faRua feraOh hifRia hip̄·rî·a‘ hip̄rîa‘ p̄ā·ru·a‘ p̄ā·rū·a‘ p̄ārua‘ p̄ārūa‘ pə·rā·‘ê·hū p̄ə·rā·‘ōh pərā‘êhū p̄ərā‘ōh peraEhu pō·w·rê·a‘ poRea pōwrêa‘ tafRiu tap̄·rî·‘ū tap̄rî‘ū tifRau tip̄·rā·‘ū tip̄rā‘ū ū·p̄ā·ra‘ ufaRa ūp̄āra‘ vattifreU wat·tip̄·rə·‘ū wattip̄rə‘ū yifRa yip·pā·ra‘ yip̄·rā‘ yipPara yippāra‘ yip̄rā‘
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