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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6117 - עָקַב

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to supplant, circumvent, take by the heel, follow at the heel, assail insidiously, overreach

1a) (Qal) to supplant, overreach, attack at the heel

1b) (Piel) to hold back

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
NAS (6)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 2
HCS (5)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
BSB (5)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
ESV (3)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Hosea 1
WEB (5)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Jeremiah 2
Hosea 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2571) bqo (אהקב AhQB) AC: Restrain CO: Heel AB: ?: The restraining of the heel when taking a step forward. [from: ko]

V) bqo (אהקב AhQB) - Restrain: To hold back. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Piel) supplant, heel, stay - Strongs: H6117 (עָקַב)

Nm) bqo (אהקב AhQB) - I. Heel:What is restrained when taking a step forward. II. Because:In the sense of being on the heel of something else. KJV (29): heel, footstep, horsehoof, at last, step, liers, because, reward, end, by, for, if - Strongs: H6118 (עֵקֶב), H6119 (עִקְּבָה), H6120 (עָקֵב)

Nf1) ebqo (אהקבה AhQBH) - Subtlety: As appearing to be hidden in the sense of restraint. KJV (1): subtilty - Strongs: H6122 (עָקְבָה)

cm) bfqo (אהקוב AhQWB) - Crooked: From the angle of the ankle. KJV (3): crooked, deceitful, polluted - Strongs: H6121 (עָקֹב)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עָקַב verb follow at the heel, figurative assail insidiously, circumvent, overreach (denominative from עָקֵב; compare Arabic follow (at the heel), succeed, III. bring consequence on, i.e. punish, Qor 22:59; IV. make to follow, i.e. reward or punish, end, final lot 6:11 reward 6:136 hold back (rare), follow, Pa`el investigate, search out: Ethiopic is keep, guard); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular Hosea 12:4 בַּבֶּטֶן עָקַב אֶתאָֿחִיו he attacked his brother at the heel (compare Genesis 25:26 below עָקֵב); Imperfect 3 masculine singular Genesis 27:36 הֲכִי קָרָא שְׁמוֺ יַעֲקֹב וַיַּעְקְבֵנִיזֶה פַעֲמַיִם and he hath overreached me now twice; + Infinitive abs Jeremiah 9:3 בָּלאָֿח עָקוֺב יַעֲקֹב surely overreacheth ("" רָכִיל יַהֲלֹח). [ᵐ5 πτερνίζω, to attack with the heel; but this dubious In 'supplant,' also, the figurative is a different one.]

Pi`el Job 37:4 וְלֹא יְעַקְּבֵם dubious; poss attack at the heel (compare זִנֵּב), hence figurative hold back; more probably read וְלֹאיְעַכְּבֵם holdeth them not back (that is בְּרָקָיו his lightnings), when his voice is heard from עִכֵּב to hold back (common in Late Hebrew; ᵑ7עַכֵּב).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָקַב fut. יַעֲקֹב

(1) i.q. عقب to be behind, to come from behind, hence עָקִב heel. (So it is commonly taken; but it is worth while for etymologists to inquire, whether the primary idea be not that of being elevated, like a mound, arched vault, heap, so that it may be kindred to the roots גָּבַב, קָבַב. Hence עָקֹב عَقَبَةُ an ascent, and עָקֵב heel, so called from the form; from the heel may be taken the other ideas of hindmost, last, etc.).

(2) denom. from עָקֵב to take hold of any one’s heel. Hosea 12:4, בַּבֶּטֶן עָקַב אֶת־מָחִיו “in the womb he took his brother by the heel,” compare אָחַז בְּעָקֵב Genesis 25:26. Especially to throw any one down, to trip one up. Hence

(3) to supplant, to circumvent, to defraud, Genesis 27:36; Jeremiah 9:3.

Piel, to hold back, to retard, Job 37:4.

Derivatives, עָקֵב-עָקְבָה, and the pr.n. יַעֲקֹב, יַעֲקֹבָה, עַקּוּב.

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List of Word Forms
וַֽיַּעְקְבֵ֙נִי֙ ויעקבני יְ֝עַקְּבֵ֗ם יַעְקֹ֔ב יעקב יעקבם עָק֣וֹב עָקַ֣ב עקב עקוב ‘ā·qaḇ ‘ā·qō·wḇ ‘āqaḇ ‘āqōwḇ aKav aKov vaiyakeVeni way·ya‘·qə·ḇê·nî wayya‘qəḇênî ya‘·qōḇ ya‘qōḇ yaKo yə‘aqqəḇêm yə·‘aq·qə·ḇêm yeakkeVem
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