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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6010 - עֵמֶק
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
עֵמֶק with suff. עִמְקִי a valley, a low tract of land of wide extent (βαθὺς τόπος, see the root Hiphil), fit for corn land (Job 39:10 Psal. 65:14 Song of Solomon 2:1), and suited for battle fields (Job 39:21). In plur. עֲמָקִים appears to be once used for the inhabitants of valleys, 1 Chronicles 12:15, “they put to flight כָּל־הָעֲמָקִים all the inhabitants of the valleys;” but perhaps it should be read כָּל־הָעֲנָקִים “all the Anakim,” just as in Jeremiah 47:5, for שְׁאֵרִית עִמְקָם, I have not any hesitation in reading שְאֵרִית עֲנָקִם “(Ascalon) the remains of the Anakim;” comp. verse Jeremiah 47:4, and for illustration of the matter, Joshua 11:21.-It differs in its use from the words of similar signification, בִּקְעָה, גַּי, נַחַל, each of which is applied to certain particular valleys or plains. This word is also used in the name of the following valleys:
(a) עֵמֶק הָאֵלָה (“the valley of the terebinth”), near Bethlehem, 1 Samuel 17:2, 19 1 Samuel 17:19, 21:10.
(b) עֵמֶק בְּרָכָה (“the valley of blessing”), near Engedi, 2 Chronicles 20:26.
(c) עֵמֶק הַמֶּלֶךְ (“the kings valley”), not far from the Dead Sea, Genesis 14:17; 2 Samuel 18:18.
(d) עֵמֶק רְפָאִים (“the valley of Rephaim”), southwest of Jerusalem, towards the land of the Philistines, Joshua 15:8, 18:16 2 Samuel 5:18, 22 2 Samuel 5:22; Isaiah 17:5.
(e) עֵמֶק שִׂדִּים, see שִׂדִּים. But עֵמֶק קְצִיץ Joshua 18:21, is the name of a town in the tribe of Benjamin.
Other valleys take their names from neighbouring towns (see יִזְרְעֶאל ) or from men (see יְהוֹשָׁפָט ).
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13