the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5980 - עֻמָּה
1a) used only as a preposition
1a1) close by, side by side with, alongside of, parallel with
1a2) agreeing with, corresponding to, exactly as, close beside
1a3) correspondingly to
1358) mo (אהמ AhM) AC: ? CO: People AB: ?: The pictograph o is a picture of the eye, the m is a picture of the sea representing mass. Combined these mean "see a mass". A large group of people in one location.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
preposition close by, side by side with, parallel to, agreeing with, corresponding to; — stative with עֻמַּת, except Ecclesiastes 5:15 always with לְ, suffix לְעֻמָּתוֺ, once plural construct לְעֻמּוֺת Ezekiel 45:7; —
a. close by, side by side with: Exodus 25:27 ( Exodus 37:14), Exodus 28:27 ( Exodus 39:20), Leviticus 3:9 לְעֻמַּת הֻעָצֶה יְסִירֶנָּה shall take it away close by the backbone; especially of what is parallel, Ezekiel 42:7 the wall alongside of the chambers; of the contiguous portions in Ezekiel's division of the land, alongside of each other, Ezekiel 45:6,7; Ezekiel 48:13,18 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 48:21; of movement in parallel lines, 2 Samuel 16:13 Shimei was going along לְעֻמָּתוֺ parallel with him, 2 Samuel 16:13; Ezekiel 1:20 וְהָאוֺפַנִּים יִנָָּֽשְׂאוּלְעֻמָּתָם, Ezekiel 1:21; Ezekiel 3:13; Ezekiel 10:19; Ezekiel 11:22; Ezekiel 3:8 נָתַתִּי פָנֶיךָ חֲזָקִים לְעֻמַּתמְּנֵיהֶם by the side of their face (which, as antagonism is implied, = against, RV), Ezekiel 3:8.
b. agreeing with, corresponding to (a common result of juxtaposition), Exodus 38:18 a screen five cubits high לעמת קלעי החצר agreeing with (RV answerable unto) the hangings of the court (in height), Ezekiel 40:18; probably also 1 Chronicles 26:16; Nehemiah 12:24 מִשְׁמָר׳מִשְׁמָר ל ward corresponding to ward.
c. correspondingly to, 1 Chronicles 24:31 they also cast lots לְעֻמַּת אֲחֵיהֶם correspondingly to their brethren, v b the head, correspondinly to his younger brother, 1 Chronicles 26:12 to these . . . belonged charges correspondingly to (in common with) their brethren. ** Ecclesiastes 7:14 side by side with, as well as.
d. before a sentence (Ges§ 155n), 1 Chronicles 25:8 (strangely) לְעֻמַּת כַּקָּטֹן כַּגָּדוֺל (see Ke) correspondingly to (the principle) of as the small so the great; Ecclesiastes 5:15 כָּלעֻֿמַּת שֶׁכָּא quite exactly as he came, so shall he go (but Lambert RŠJ xxxi. 47, Rahlfs Th. Lt. -z. 1896,587 כִּלְעֻמַּת).
e.מִלְּעֻמַּת (see מִן
1c, 9 a) 1 Kings 7:20 close beside.
(1) prop. subst. conjunction, communion (from the root עָמַם No. 1). It is only found in const. state עֻמַּת (once Ecclesiastes 5:15); elsewhere לְעֻמַּת; with suff. לְעֻמָּתִי, once לְעֻמּוֹת Ezekiel 45:7 prep. i.q. עִם.
(a) at, by, near, Exodus 25:27, 28:27.
(b) against, Ezekiel 3:8.
(c) over against, 1 Chronicles 26:16.
(d) equally with, even as (i.q. עִם No. 1, e), 1 Chronicles 24:31, 26:12 Ecclesiastes 7:14 whence Ecclesiastes 5:15, כָּל־עֻמַּת “altogether in the same way, as” (compare כָּל־עוֹד Job 27:3). With two prefixes מִלְּעֻמַּת near, 1 Kings 7:20.
(2) [Ummah], pr.n. of a town in the tribe of Asher; only found Joshua 19:30.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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