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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5737 - עָדַר

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to help

1a) (Qal) to help

2) to hoe

2a) (Niphal) to be hoed

3) to be lacking, fail

3a) (Niphal)

3b1) to be lacking

3b1) to leave lacking

3b) (Piel) to leave lacking

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 142 ‑ αἴρω (ah'ee‑ro);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  722 ‑ ἀροτριάω (ar‑ot‑ree‑o'‑o);  1392 ‑ δοξάζω (dox‑ad'‑zo);  2990 ‑ λανθάνω (lan‑than'‑o);  4626 ‑ σκάπτω (skap'‑to);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Isaiah 5
Zephaniah 1
HCS (0)
HCS (10)
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Isaiah 5
Zephaniah 1
BSB (10)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
Isaiah 5
Zephaniah 1
ESV (10)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Isaiah 4
Zephaniah 1
WEB (11)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 2
Isaiah 5
Zephaniah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2530) rdo (אהדר AhDR) AC: Miss CO: Rake AB: Order: The process of removing what is unnecessary to bring about order. [from: rd- order]

V) rdo (אהדר AhDR) - Missing: [Used in conjunction with almeaning that nothing is missing] KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) fail, lack, dig, keep - Strongs: H5737 (עָדַר)

Nm ) rdo (אהדר AhDR) - Flock: In the sense of being ordered. KJV (38): flock, heard, drove - Strongs: H5739 (עֵדֶר)

am) rdom (מאהדר MAhDR) - Rake: Used to clear the field of debris to create order. KJV (1): mattock - Strongs: H4576 (מַעְדֵּר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [עָדַר] verb probably (si vera lectio) help (Aramaic loan-word, Syriac ᵑ7עֲדַר (rare) = Hebrew עזר q. v.; > Thes, assuming meaning arrange, order); —

Qal Infinitive cstr. לַעֲדֹר 1 Chronicles 12:34 (Baer Ginsb; van d. H. v. 1 Chronicles 12:33; this meaning also ᵐ5ᵑ9); but < Manuscripts לַעֲוֺר (compare v. 1 Chronicles 12:18; v. 1 Chronicles 12:22; v. 1 Chronicles 12:23, van d. H. v. 1 Chronicles 12:17; v. 1 Chronicles 12:21; v. 1 Chronicles 12:22), so Kau Buhl; Participle plural construct עֹדְרֵי מַעֲרָכָה v. 1 Chronicles 12:39 (van d. H. v. 1 Chronicles 12:38), read עֹרְכֵי (q. v. v. 1 Chronicles 12:34) ᵐ5 Kau; see ערך.

II. [עָדַר] verb hoe (Late Hebrew id.; so Arabic (in Syria) , pick, hoe, Cuche ( also Dozy ii. 101 b); compare Fl Kl. Schr. ii. 628); —

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular לֹא יֵעָדֵר Isaiah 5:6 it (the vineyard) shall not be hoed ("" יִזָּמֵר); 3 masculine plural כַּמַּעְדֵּר יֵעָדֵר֑וּן Isaiah 7:25 which used to be hoed with the hoe (subject הֶהָרִים).

III. [עָדַר] verb

Niph`al be lacking, fail (Arabic remain or lag behind); —

Niph`al Perfect, all with לֹא 3 masculine singular נֶעְדַּר לָהֶם 1 Samuel 30:19 not anything was lacking to them; נֶעְדָּ֑ר none was lacking 2 Samuel 17:22; Isaiah 40:25; of ׳י, Zephaniah 3:5 he doth not fail; 3 feminine singular נֶעְדָּ֔רָה Isaiah 34:16 no wild beast is lacking. Participle feminine נֶעְדֶּ֫רֶת Isaiah 59:15 truth has become lacking.

Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine plural לֹא יְעֲדְּרוּ דָּבָּ֑ר 1 Kings 5:7 they left nothing lacking.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָדַר not used in Kal; Arabic غدر to desert perfidiously; III. to desert.

Niphal נֶעְדַּר

(1) to be left behind, to remain, 2 Samuel 17:22.

(2) to be wanting, lacking, 1 Samuel 30:19; Isaiah 40:26, 59:15.

Piel עִדֵּר to suffer anything to be wanting, 1 Kings 5:7.

[This and the following are blended in Thes.]

II. עָדַר

(1)  to set in order, to arrange, to dispose, as an army in battle array, 1 Chronicles 12:38. With the word for battle omitted, verse 33 1 Chronicles 12:33. Hence עֵדֶר.

(2) From the Chaldee usage, to weed, Isaiah 5:6, 7:25 (Syriae ܥܶܕܪܳܐ a plough); whence מַעְדֵּר a hoe. Hence

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List of Word Forms
וְלַעֲדֹ֖ר ולעדר יְעַדְּר֖וּ יֵעָ֣דֵר֔וּן יֵעָדֵ֔ר יעדר יעדרו יעדרון נֶעְדֶּ֔רֶת נֶעְדַּר־ נֶעְדָּ֔ר נֶעְדָּ֔רָה נֶעְדָּֽר׃ נעדר נעדר־ נעדר׃ נעדרה נעדרת ne‘·dā·rāh ne‘·dār ne‘·dar- ne‘·de·reṯ ne‘dār ne‘dar- ne‘dārāh ne‘dereṯ nedar neDarah neDeret velaaDor wə·la·‘ă·ḏōr wəla‘ăḏōr yə‘addərū yê‘āḏêr yê‘āḏêrūn yê·‘ā·ḏê·rūn yê·‘ā·ḏêr yə·‘ad·də·rū yeaddeRu yeaDer yeAdeRun
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