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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5287 - נָעַר

a primitive root [probably identical with (H5286), through the idea of the rustling of mane, which usually accompanies the lion's roar]
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1) to shake, shake out or off

1a) (Qal) to shake out, show emptiness

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be shaken

1b2) to shake oneself

1c) (Piel) to shake off or out

1d) (Hithpael) to shake oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1287 ‑ διασκορπίζω (dee‑as‑kor‑pid'‑zo);  1614 ‑ ἐκτείνω (ek‑ti'‑no);  1825 ‑ ἐξεγείρω (ex‑eg‑i'‑ro);  4650 ‑ σκορπίζω (skor‑pid'‑zo);  1621 ‑ ἐκτινάσσω (ek‑tin‑as'‑so);  660 ‑ ἀποτινάσσω (ap‑ot‑in‑as'‑so);  660 ‑ ἀποτινάσσω (ap‑ot‑in‑as'‑so);  2690 ‑ καταστρέφω (kat‑as‑tref'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Exodus 1
Judges 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
NAS (13)
Exodus 1
Judges 2
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Isaiah 3
HCS (11)
Exodus 1
Judges 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
BSB (11)
Exodus 1
Judges 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
ESV (9)
Judges 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 2
WEB (11)
Exodus 1
Judges 1
Nehemiah 3
Job 1
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2458) rgn (נגהר NGhR) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: ?: [from: gn]

V) rgn (נגהר NGhR) - Shake: To shake back and forth. KJV (12): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) shake, overthrow, toss, yell - Strongs: H5286 (נָעַר), H5287 (נָעַר)

cf2) trfgn (נגהורת NGhWRT) - Fiber: As shaken from flax when beaten. KJV (2): tow - Strongs: H5296 (נְעֹרֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. [נָעַר] verb shake, shake out or off (Late Hebrew נָעַר shake, stir up, especially Pi`el, Niph`al; ᵑ7נְעֹרֶת tow (see below); Arabic , boil, be in violent commotion, be very angry); —

Qal Perfect 1 singular נָעַ֫רְתִּי Nehemiah 5:13; Participle active נֹעֵר Isaiah 33:9,15; passive Nehemiah 5:13; — shake out, to shew emptiness, ׳חָצְנִי נ Nehemiah 5:13 (symbolic), כַּמָּיו מִתְּמֹךְ בַּשֹּׁחַד׳נ Isaiah 33:15; participle shaken out, emptied וָרֵק׳נ Nehemiah 5:13 (i.e. stripped of possessions); shake off (leaves) Isaiah 33:9 (compare "" clause).

Niph`al Perfect 1 singular נַנְעַ֫רְתִּי כָאַרְבֶּה Psalm 109:23 I am shaken out like a locust (from fold of a garment; simile of perishing helplessly); compare Imperfect 3 masculine plural וְיִנָָּֽעֲרוּ רְשָׁעִים מִמֶּ֑נָּה Job 38:13 to seize the corners of the earth that wicked men may be shaken out of it; 1 singular אִנָּעֵר Judges 16:20 I will shake myself (free ? compare Hithpa`el and GFM).

Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular jussive יְנַעֵר Nehemiah 5:13 so may God shake utterly out every man from (מִן) his house, etc.; וַיְנַעֵר Exodus 14:27 and ׳י shook off the Egyptian into (ב) the sea, = Perfect נִעֵר Psalm 136:15 (also with accusative + ב).

Hithpa`el Imperative feminine singular הִתְנַעֲרִי מֵעָפָר Isaiah 52:2 shake thyself ( free), etc. (of personified Zion).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָעַר to roar (as a young lion), Jerem. 51:38. Syr. ܢܥܰܪ id. This word seems to be onomatop. like the kindred word נָחַה, uttering a hoarse roaring sound from the throat.

II. נָעַר to shake, specially

(1)  to shake out, Nehemiah 5:13; Isaiah 33:15.

(2) to shake off. Isaiah 33:9, נֹעֵר בָּשָׁן וְכַרְמֶל “Bashan and Carmel shake off (the leaves),” i.e. cast them down.


(1) pass. to be shaken out, i.e. cast out from a land, Job 38:13; Psalms 109:23. (Compare Arabic نفض to shake, to shake out, VIII. to be expelled, نَفْضُ expulsion).

(2) to shake oneself out (from bonds), to cast them off, Judges 16:20.

Piel, to shake out, Nehemiah 5:13. Pregn., Exodus 14:27, וַיְנַעֵר יְהֹוָה אֶת־מִצְרַיִם בְּתוֹךְ הַיָּם “and the Lord shook out the Egyptians into the midst of the sea,” i.e. he shook them from the land and cast them into the sea. Psalms 136:15.

Hithpael, to shake oneself out of any thing, followed by מִן Isaiah 52:2.

Hence נַעַר No. II, נְעֹרֶת.


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List of Word Forms
הִתְנַעֲרִ֧י התנערי וְאִנָּעֵ֔ר וְיִנָּעֲר֖וּ וְנִ֘עֵ֤ר וְנֹעֵ֥ר וַיְנַעֵ֧ר ואנער וינער וינערו ונער יְנַעֵ֪ר ינער נִ֝נְעַ֗רְתִּי נָע֖וּר נָעַ֗רְתִּי נֹעֵ֤ר ננערתי נעור נער נערתי hiṯ·na·‘ă·rî hiṯna‘ărî hitnaaRi nā‘artî nā‘ūr nā·‘ar·tî nā·‘ūr naArti naUr nin‘artî nin·‘ar·tî ninArti nō‘êr nō·‘êr noEr vaynaEr veinnaEr veNiEr venoEr veyinnaaRu way·na·‘êr wayna‘êr wə’innā‘êr wə·’in·nā·‘êr wə·ni·‘êr wə·nō·‘êr wə·yin·nā·‘ă·rū wəni‘êr wənō‘êr wəyinnā‘ărū yə·na·‘êr yəna‘êr yenaEr
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