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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4557 - מִסְפָּר
1) number, tale
1a2) innumerable (with negative)
1a3) few, numerable (alone)
1a4) by count, in number, according to number (with preposition)
1b) recounting, relation
Nm) rpx (ספר SPR) - I. Scroll:A document or record written on a sheet of skin or papyrus and rolled up. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Census:A record of numbers. III. Scribe:One who records. [Aramaic only] KJV (12): book, roll, letter, evidence, bill, learning, register, scribe - Strongs: H5609 (סְפַר), H5610 (סְפָר), H5612 (סִפְרָה), H5613 (סָפַר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1. a. number, Judges 7:6 the number of those lapping, לַכּוֺכָבִים׳מִס Psalm 147:4, + often (37t. PH); ׳לֹא עָלָה הַמִּסְמָּר בְּמִסְמַּר דִּבְרֵי וגו 1 Chronicles 27:24 (read בְּסֵפֶר) the number did not come up into (was not recorded in) the book of the daily doings, etc.; redundant after number, 2 Samuel 21:20 twenty-four (in) number; ׳אֵין מ it was (they were) innumerable Genesis 41:49 (E), with לְ Judges 6:5; Judges 7:12; 1 Chronicles 22:16; 2 Chronicles 12:3, ׳לִתְבוּנָתוֺ אֵין מ Psalm 147:5 (of ׳י); absolute Jeremiah 2:32; Job 21:33; Song of Solomon 6:8; ׳עַדאֵֿין מ = id. Job 5:9; Job 9:10; Psalm 40:13, ׳וְאֵין לָהֶם מ Jeremiah 46:23; ׳לְאֵין מ 1 Chronicles 22:4; ׳וְאֵין מ Psalm 104:25; Psalm 105:34; Joel 1:6; לִגְדוּדָיו׳הֲיֵשׁ מ Job 25:3 can his bands be numbered ? without אֵין = numerable, i.e. few, ׳וִיהִי מְתָיו מ Deuteronomy 33:6 but let his men be few ׳יָמִים מ Numbers 9:20, ׳מ alone Isaiah 10:19, usually in combination, ׳מְתֵי מ = a few men Genesis 34:30 (J), Deuteronomy 4:27; Jeremiah 44:28; 1 Chronicles 16:19; Psalm 105:12, ׳אַנְשֵׁי מ Ezekiel 12:16; so ׳שְׁנוֺת מ Job 16:22; adverb phrase מִסְפַר יְמֵי חַיֵּיהֶם Ecclesiastes 2:3 = during all their lives, compare Ecclesiastes 5:17; Ecclesiastes 6:18 = appointed (normal) number, יָמֶיךָ מֲַלֵּא׳מ Exodus 23:26 (E).
b. with preposition ׃בְּ׳מְעַט בְּמ Ezekiel 5:3 few in number; ׳בְּמ by (exact) count, tale 2 Samuel 2:15; Deuteronomy 25:2; 1 Chronicles 9:28 (twice in verse), so probably Ezekiel 20:37 read בְּמִסְמַּרᵐ5 Toy for ᵑ0מָסֹרֶת; in (prescribed) number Numbers 29:18 6t. Numbers 29 (P), Ezra 3:4; = acc. to (proportioned to) the number of Leviticus 25:15. 15 + often; ׳לְמִס according to number Judges 21:23; Joshua 4:5,8 (JE) Numbers 14:29 (P) Ezekiel 4:5; 1 Chronicles 27:1; ׳כְּמִס = id. 1 Kings 18:31; Numbers 15:12 (twice in verse) (P); so ׳מ alone (adverb accusative) Exodus 16:16 (P) Job 1:5; Jeremiah 2:28; Jeremiah 11:13. — Numbers 23:10b read סָפַר מִי, compare v a, so ᵐ5 Di So Kau.
2 recounting, relation מִסְמַּר הַחֲלוֺם Judges 7:15 the recounting of the dream.
מִסְפָּר m. (from the root סָפַר)
(1) narration (compare the verb in Pi.) Judges 7:15.
(2) number, Numbers 1:2, 9:20 and so frequently. Sometimes in the acc. it is put adverbially for according to the number. Exodus 16:16, מִסְפַּר נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם “according to the number of your souls.” Job 1:5. Elsewhere (as the Gr. ἀριθυῷ, ἀριθμόν) it is added pleonastically to numerals. 2 Samuel 21:20, עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבַּע מִסְפָּר “twenty-four in number” (24 an der Zahl).-אֵין מִסְפָּר Genesis 41:49 לְאֵין מִסְפָּר 1 Chronicles 22:4, and עַד־אֵין מִסְפָּר Job 5:9, 9:10 without number, i.e. innumerable. On the contrary מְתֵי מִסְפָּר, אַנְשֵׁי מִסְפָּר men of number, are a few, such as can be easily numbered, Genesis 34:30; Deuteronomy 4:27; Psalms 105:12; Jeremiah 44:28; 1 Chronicles 16:19 and in apposit. יָמִים מִסְפָר the days, which are a number, i.e. can be numbered, a few, Numbers 9:20. (Similarly معدودات ايّام numbered days, i.e. a few, Koran ii. 180; but see the interpreters.) In Deuteronomy 33:6, in the words וִיהִי מְתָיו מִסְפָּר the particle of negation must be repeated from what has preceded, and the rendering is, “and let (not) his men be a number,” i.e. let them be many, innumerable.
(3) [Mispar], pr.n. m. Ezra 2:2 for which there is מִסְפֶּרֶת Nehemiah 7:7.