the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3884 - לוּלֵי
1) unless, if not, except
Nm ) al (לא LA) - Nothing: To be without, to not be. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: la hl] KJV (97): never, nay, no, none, nor, not, nothing, rather, whither, without, neither, none - Strongs: H408 (אַל), H409 (אַל), H3809 (לָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. followed by perfect, Judges 14:18 לולאחרשׁתם ֗֗֗ לא מצאתם unless ye had ploughed with my heifer, ye would not have found out my riddle, 1 Samuel 25:34 (second כי resumptive: כִּי 1 d), Psalm 106:23; with apod, introd. by כִּי עַתָּה Genesis 31:42; Genesis 43:10; by אָז 2 Samuel 2:27 (כי resumptive); by כִּמְעַט Isaiah 1:9; with an aposiop. Psalm 27:13 if I had not believed ...!
b. followed by imperfect Deuteronomy 32:27 אמרתי ֗֗֗ לולי אגור I should have said, &c . . . . except I dreaded, &c.
c. followed by participle, 2 Kings 3:14.
d. without a verb, Psalm 94:17 (apodosis כמעט), Psalm 119:92 (apodosis אָז). In the later language, Psalm 124:1; Psalm 124:2 -שֶׁ׳לוּלֵי י (apodosis אֲזַי except that ... (compare Aramaic, Psalm 106:23, אִילּוּלֵי ֗֗֗ דִּי Psalm 27:13 ᵑ7). — Read also לוּלֵי for אוּלַי in Numbers 22:33 (apodosis כִּי עַתָּה). See further on לוּ and לוּלֵא Dr§§ 139-145 Kö iii. 487f; 565.
לוּלֵי Genesis 31:42; Deuteronomy 32:27, and לוּלֵא Genesis 43:10; Judges 14:18; 2 Samuel 2:27 (compounded of לוּ if, and לֵא, לֵי i.q. לֹא not). A conditional negative conjunction except, unless (it be, it were), conveying also the signification that something really is, thus differing from אִם לֹא (compare the remarks on the word לוּ). Followed by a preterite, Genesis 31:42, לוּלֵי אֱלֹהִים הָיָה לִי “except God had been for me.” Isaiah 1:9; 1 Samuel 25:34; 2 Samuel 2:27 followed by a part. 2 Kings 3:14, לוּלֵי פְּנֵי יְהוֹשָׁפָט אֲנִי נֹשֵׂא “unless I regarded Jehoshaphat,” etc.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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