the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3709 - כַּף
1) palm, hand, sole, palm of the hand, hollow or flat of the hand
1a) palm, hollow or flat of the hand
1c) sole (of the foot)
1d) hollow, objects, bending objects, bent objects
1d1) of thigh-joint
1d2) pan, vessel (as hollow)
1d3) hollow (of sling)
1d4) hand-shaped branches or fronds (of palm trees)
1d5) handles (as bent)
1247) pk (כפ KP) AC: Press CO: Palm AB: Tame: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "palm open". The curved shape of the open palm. (eng: cap - as a bowl shaped covering; cuff - as at the palm)
Nf) pk (כפ KP) - Palm: Also the sole of the feet or other palm shaped object such as a spoon. KJV (193): hand, spoon, sole, palm, hollow, handful, apiece, branch, cloud - Strongs: H3709 (כַּף), H3710 (כֵּף)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1. a. of human beings, hollow or flat of hand, palm, (c. 116t.) 2 Kings 4:34 (twice in verse); ׳נָתַן אֵת הַכּוס עַלכּכַּף פ Genesis 40:11,21 (E), set the cup upon the palm of Pharaoh (compare Genesis 40:11 a וְכוֺס מַּרְעֹה בְּיָדִי), similarly Leviticus 8:27 (twice in verse) (P) +; הַשֶּׁמֶן אֲשֶׁר עַלכּכַּמּוֺ Leviticus 14:16,17,18,27,28; as distinguished from wrist and arm, Deuteronomy 25:12; rarely with ידים (always כַּכּוֺת), שְׁתֵּי כַּמּוֺת ידיו 1 Samuel 5:4 (of Dagon), הַיָּדַיִם׳כ 2 Kings 9:35, compare Daniel 10:10; כַּף הַשְּׂמָאלִית Leviticus 14:15,26; note especially קֶמַח׳מְלֹא כ 1 Kings 17:12 a handful of meal (literally palmful), compare Ecclesiastes 4:6 (where distinguished from מלא חָפְנַיִם a double fistful; in both these passages of a very small quantity); compare וַיְמַלֵּא כַּמּוֺ מִן Leviticus 9:17 (reference to מְלֹא קֻמְצוֺ Leviticus 2:2; Leviticus 5:12; compare Leviticus 6:8). In Exodus 4:4 (JE), Proverbs 31:19; Ezekiel 21:16; Psalm 129:7, etc., the thought is that of grasping.
b. anthropomorph. of׳י covering Moses over with his palm, וְשַׂכֹּתִי כַמִּי עָלֶיךָ Exodus 33:22 (J), and so figurative (with שׁית) Psalm 139:5; withdrawing ( הֵסִירׅ his hand Exodus 33:23 (J); removing ( הִרְהִּיק ׅ his afficting hand Job 13:21; עַלכּכַּמַּיִם כִּסָּה אוֺר Job 36:32, i.e. he (God) hath filled his palms with light.
c. once of animals, הוֺלֵךְ עַלכּכַּמָּיו Leviticus 11:27 going upon their palms, i.e. paws (cats, dogs, etc.).
d. phrases are: — (I) הִכָּה כַּף = clap the hands, in applause 2 Kings 11:12 so ׳תָּקַע כ Psalm 47:2, ׳מָחָא כ Isaiah 55:12 (figurative of trees), Psalm 98:8 (figurative of rivers); but especially in scorn, contempt, etc., סָפַק אֶתכַּֿמָּיו Numbers 24:10 (J), יִשְׂמֹּק עָלֵימוֺ כַמֵּ֑ימוֺ Job 27:23; so תָּקַע כַּף עלֿ Nahum 3:19, הִכָּה כַמִּי אֶלֿ Ezekiel 22:13 (of ׳י); absolute, בְכַמְּךָהִכָּה Ezekiel 6:11 (as מחא יד Ezekiel 25:6), הִכָּה כַּף אֶלכַּֿף Ezekiel 21:19, אַכֶּה כַמִּי אֶלכַּֿמִּי Ezekiel 21:22 (of ׳י). (2) תָּפַשׂ בַּכַּף grasp, seize with the hand Ezekiel 29:7 compare Ezekiel 29:7 (on text see above) (3) of hand-grasp as pledge לַזָּר כַּמֶּיךָתָּקַעְתָּ Proverbs 6:1 ( if) thou hast smitten thy palms (given a double hand-grasp), for another (so De; "" עָרַבְתָּ לְרֵעֶ֑ךָ); so absolute תקע כף Proverbs 17:18; Proverbs 22:26 (compare תקע ליד Job 17:3). (4) often of hand spread out in prayer, as sign of longing to receive, with מָּרַשׂ אֶלֿ Exodus 9:29,33 (J), 1 Kings 8:38 2 Chronicles 6:29, etc. (see יד Psalm 143:6; Lamentations 1:17 and יָד 1 d, above; also פרשׂ, נשׂא, שׁטח). (5) שׂים כַּף לְפֶה, in respectful silence, Job 29:9. (6) figurative בְכַמִּיוָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי Judges 12:3 = I have taken my life in my hand (i.e. hazarded it), Song of Solomon 1Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21; Job 13:14 and (without verb) Psalm 119:109. (7) ׳נִקְיֹן כ Genesis 20:5 cleanness of palms is figurative for purity of Acts , compare Psalm 26:6, also Job 9:30; Job 22:30; Psalm 24:4; Psalm 73:13; conversely, ( לֹא ) חָמָס בְּכַמָּ֑י Job 16:17; 1 Chronicles 12:18; Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8, compare Isaiah 59:3 (so ידים Isaiah 1:15), Job 31:7; Psalm 7:4. — In many cases כַּף is not to be distinguished from יָד; so in phrase ׳יְגִיעַ כ toil of the hands Genesis 31:42; Haggai 1:11; Job 10:3; Psalm 128:2; ׳מֹּעַל כ Psalm 9:17, ׳חֵפֶץ כ Proverbs 31:13; ׳תְּבוּנוֺת כ Psalm 78:72, ׳מְּרִי כ Proverbs 31:16; compare Micah 7:3.
2 = power (i.e. grasp) of any one, נתן בכף Judges 6:13 = deliver into the power of, so Jeremiah 12:7, compare בּוֺא בכף Proverbs 6:3; usually הוֺשִׁיעַ, מּדָה, הִצִּיל etc., with מִכַּף = out of the power of Judges 6:14; 1 Samuel 4:3; 2 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 19:10 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 22:1 (twice in verse) = Psalm 18:1 (title), 2 Kings 16:7 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 20:6 = Isaiah 38:6; Micah 4:10; Jeremiah 15:21; 2 Chronicles 30:6; 32:11; Ezra 8:31; Psalm 71:4 (compare יָד 5g, p. 391above)
3רַגְלָהּכַּף, etc., = sole of foot, Genesis 8:9 (J), Joshua 3:13; Joshua 4:18 (both J E), 1 Kings 5:17; 2 Kings 19:24 = Isaiah 37:25; Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 28:56,65; Joshua 1:3 (D) Ezekiel 43:7; Malachi 3:21; קָדְקֳדוֺמִכַּף רַגְלוֺ וְעַד 2 Samuel 14:25; Job 2:7, compare Isaiah 1:6 (figurative); ׳ר׳מִדְרַךְ כ Deuteronomy 2:5 treading-place for the sole of a foot; of the cherubim Ezekiel 1:7, of a calf, (in simile) Ezekiel 1:7., (according to MT; compare however Co).
4 of various hollow, bending or bent objects: —
a. hollow (i.e. socket), of the thigh-joint, יָרֵךְ׳כ b. pan, vessel (as hollow), used in ritual, Exodus 25:29; Exodus 37:16; Numbers 5:7; Numbers 7:14 15t. Numbers 7; 1 Kings 7:50 2 Chronicles 4:22; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18,19; 2 Chronicles 24:14. c. hollow of sling, 1 Samuel 25:29. d. כַּמּוֺת תְּמָרִים Leviticus 23:40 #NAME? hand-shaped branches (or fronds) of palm-trees. e.כַּמּוֺת הַמַּנְעוּל Song of Solomon 5:5 the (bent) handles of the bolt.
c. hollow of sling, 1 Samuel 25:29.
d. כַּמּוֺת תְּמָרִים Leviticus 23:40 #NAME? hand-shaped branches (or fronds) of palm-trees.
e.כַּמּוֺת הַמַּנְעוּל Song of Solomon 5:5 the (bent) handles of the bolt.
כַּף f. with suff. that which is curved, or hollow, from כָּפַף.
(1) the hollow of the hand, the palm, more rarely the whole hand. Deuteronomy 25:12, “thou shalt cut off her hand” (see כַּפּוֹת), [Arabic كَفُّ, Syriac ܟܰܦܬܳܐ]; used of the foot of animals (as of a bear) when resembling a hand; Leviticus 11:27. The phrases especially to be observed are
(a) מִכַּף פּ׳ out of the hand of any one, often after verbs of freeing, like מְיַּד 1 Samuel 4:3; 2 Samuel 14:16.
(b) Judges 12:3, וָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי בְנַפִּי “I put my life in my hand,” i.e. I exposed myself to most imminent danger, since what we bear in our hands may easily be dropped or cast away; and thus the idea is conveyed of want of safety. 1 Samuel 19:5, 28:21 Job 13:14, compare Psalms 119:109. By the same proverb, Xenarchus ap. Athenæum (Deipnosoph. xiii. p. 569 C), ἐν τῇ χειρὶ τὴν ψυχὴν ἔχων; and the Danes say of a man whose life is in danger, at gaae med Livet i Henderne, i.e. “to bear one’s life in one’s hands.”
(c) תָּמָס בְּכַפַּי wrong is in my hands, I have committed wrong. Job 16:17, 31:7 Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8.
(d) הִכָּה כַף, תָּקַע כַּף, מָחָא כַף to clap the hands, see under the respective verbs.
Dual כַּפַּיִם with suff. כַּפַּי, כַּפֶּיךָ, etc. both hands, Job 36:32 often also used for the plural.
Pl. כַּפּוֹת the palms of the hands, Daniel 10:10, used of hands when cut off and dead (see Lehrg. p. 539, 540), 1 Samuel 5:4; 2 Kings 9:35, elsewhere i.q. יָדוֹת the handles of a bolt, Song of Solomon 5:5.
(2) followed by רֶגֶל the sole of the foot, Deuteronomy 2:5, 11:24 28:65, מָנוֹחַ לְכַף־רַגְלֶךָ “rest for the sole of thy foot;” used of a quiet dwelling place, compare Genesis 8:9.-Pl. כַּפּוֹת soles, Joshua 3:13, 4:18 Isaiah 60:14, followed by פַּעַם; 2 Kings 19:24.
(3) a hollow vessel, a pan, a bowl, pl. כַּפּוֹת Exodus 25:29; Numbers 7:84, 86. Hence כַּף־הַקֶּלַע, the hollow of a sling; 1 Samuel 25:29, כַּף־הַיָרֵךְ, the socket of the hip or thigh; Genesis 32:26, 33 Ge3 2:33.
(4) כַּפּוֹת תְּמָרִים Levit. 23:40, palms, palm branches, so called from their bent or curved form (see כִּפָּה ).
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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