the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3680 - כָּסָה
1) to cover, conceal, hide
1a) (Qal) conceal, covered (participle)
1b) (Niphal) to be covered
1c1) to cover, clothe
1c2) to cover, conceal
1c3) to cover (for protection)
1c4) to cover over, spread over
1c5) to cover, overwhelm
1d1) to be covered
1d2) to be clothed
1e) (Hithpael) to cover oneself, clothe oneself
1245) xk (כס KS) AC: Cover CO: Cup AB: ?: (eng: case)
A) xk (כס KS) AC: ? CO: Seat AB: ?: The seat is like a cup that holds, conceals, a person. A covering of something. To cover a group by counting.
Nm) xk (כס KS) - Seat: KJV (1): seat - Strongs: H3676 (כֵּס)
Nf1) exk (כסה KSH) - Cup: [df: hVq hwVq] KJV (4): cover, cup - Strongs: H7184 (קַשְׂוָה)
Nf2 ) txk (כסת KST) - I. Inkwell:A cup for holding ink. II. Amulets:A sewn arm or wrist band as a covering. KJV (5): pillow, inkhorn - Strongs: H3704 (כֶּסֶת), H7083 (קֶסֶת)
Nf3) tfxk (כסות KSWT) - Covering: Covering, raiment, vesture. KJV (8): covering, raiment, vesture - Strongs: H3682 (כְּסוּת)
hf1) exkm (מכסה MKSH) - Value: According to a number. KJV (2): number, worth - Strongs: H4373 (מִכְסָה)
km) xkm (מכס MKS) - Tribute: An assessment based on a number. KJV (6): tribute - Strongs: H4371 (מֶכֶס)
lf2 ) txkxk (כסכסת KSKST) - Scales: The covering of a fish. Also the scales of leather armor. [df: tVqVq] KJV (8): scales, mail - Strongs: H7193 (קַשְׂקֶשֶׂת)
rfm ) ifxk (כסוי KSWY) - Covering: KJV (2): covering - Strongs: H3681 (כָּסוּי)
B) xxk (כסס KSS) AC: Count CO: Number AB: ?: To cover a group by counting.
V) xxk (כסס KSS) - Count: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) count - Strongs: H3699 (כָּסַס)
E) axk (כסא KSA) AC: Appoint CO: Seat AB: ?: The seat is like a cup that holds, conceals, a person.
Nm) axk (כסא KSA) - Appointed: To be set in place. [df: hok] KJV (2): appoint - Strongs: H3677 (כֶּסֶה)
em ) axik (כיסא KYSA) - Seat: Usually a throne or seat of authority. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hok] KJV (138): throne, seat, stool - Strongs: H3678 (כִּסֵּא), H3764 (כָּרְסֵא)
H) exk (כסה KSH) AC: Cover CO: ? AB: ?: A hiding, covering or concealing of something.
V) exk (כסה KSH) - Cover: [df: hVk] KJV (153): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel, Participle) cover, hide, conceal, overwhelm, clad, close, cloth - Strongs: H3680 (כָּסָה), H3780 (כָּשָׂה)
hm ) exkm (מכסה MKSH) - Covering: What covers something. KJV (16): covering - Strongs: H4372 (מִכְסֶה)
km) exkm (מכסה MKSH) - Covering: What covers something. KJV (4): cover, clothing - Strongs: H4374 (מְכַסֶּה)
J) xfk (כוס KWS) AC: ? CO: Cup AB: ?: A cup holds its contents.
Nf) xfk (כוס KWS) - I. Cup: II. Owl:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (34): cup, owl - Strongs: H3563 (כּוֹס)
M) xik (כיס KYS) AC: ? CO: Bag AB: ?: A cup or bag that conceals its contents.
Nm) xik (כיס KYS) - Bag: KJV (6): bag, purse - Strongs: H3599 (כִּיס)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal, only Participle active כֹּסֶה; —
1 conceal shame Proverbs 12:16; knowledge Proverbs 12:23.
2 passive (construct) כְּסוּי חֲטָאָה Psalm 32:1 covered in respect of sin (by God, which he thus puts out of sight) ("" נְשׂוּימֶּֿשַׁע).
Niph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular נִכְסָ֑תָּה, covered, with waves Jeremiah 51:42; Infinitive construct הִכָּסוֺת Ezekiel 24:8, (blood) not to be covered.
Pi`el Perfect 3 masculine singular כִּסָּה Numbers 9:15 12t.; suffix כִּסָּהוּ Leviticus 17:13; Numbers 17:7; כִּסָּמוֺ Exodus 15:10; 3 feminine singular כִּסְּתָה Genesis 38:15 5t.; 1 singular כִּסִּיתִי Psalm 32:5 3t.; כִּסֵּתִי Ezekiel 31:15 (strike out Co); כִּסֵּיתִי Ezekiel 32:7 13t. Perfect; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְכַסֶּה Isaiah 6:2 8t.; וַיְכַס Exodus 10:15 4t.; suffix יְכַסֶּ֑דָּ Habakkuk 2:17; יְכַסֶּנָּה Ezekiel 30:18; 3 masculine plural suffix יְכַסְיֻמוּ Exodus 15:5 41t. Imperfect; Imperative suffix כַּסּוּנוּ Hosea 10:8; Infinitive construct כַּסּוֺת Malachi 2:13 11t.; כַּסֹּת Numbers 4:15; suffix כַּסֹּתוֺ Exodus 26:13; Participle מְכַסֶּה Proverbs 10:18 12t.; plural מְכַסִּים Isaiah 11:9; feminine plural מְכַסּוֺת Ezekiel 1:11,23 (twice in verse); —
1 cover, clothe Judges 4:19; Ezekiel 16:10 (2accusative), Ezekiel 16:18; Jonah 3:6 is apparently reflexive, with accusative of garment (strange; read perhaps וַיִּכָּס); nakedness Genesis 9:23 (J), Exodus 28:42 (P), Ezekiel 16:8; Hosea 2:11; the naked Isaiah 58:7; Ezekiel 18:7,16 (+ accusative of thing); the face and legs of seraphim Isaiah 6:2 (twice in verse); bodies of cherubim Ezekiel 1:11,23 (twice in verse); the face Genesis 38:15 (J), Ezekiel 12:6,12, figurative Job 23:17; earth with the great deep Psalm 104:6; heavens with glory Habakkuk 3:3; with בְּ of the clothing Genesis 38:14 (J), Deuteronomy 22:12, these two apparently reflexive, compare Jonah 3:6 above; Judges 4:18; 1 Kings 1:1; heaven with clouds Psalm 147:8, with glory Ezekiel 32:7.
2 cover, conceal blood Genesis 37:26 (J), Job 16:18; human ordure Deuteronomy 23:14; mountains conceal men from God Hosea 10:8; cover transgressions Job 31:33; Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 28:13; iniquity Psalm 32:5; righteousness Psalm 40:11; hatred Proverbs 10:18; a thing Proverbs 11:13; face of judge so that he cannot see justice Job 9:24; rulers and seers Isaiah 29:10; with בְּ of covering Leviticus 17:13 (H), 1 Samuel 19:13; face by fat Job 15:27; sun by a cloud Ezekiel 32:7; with מִן from whom Genesis 18:17 (J), Job 33:17.
3 cover (with covering of protection), a pit Exodus 21:33 (Covt. code); with cloud of incense, the Kapporeth Leviticus 16:13 (P); coverings of the sacred tent, tabernacle, and their furniture Exodus 26:13; Numbers 4:9,15 (P); with בְּ of the covering Numbers 4:5,8,11,12 (P); Zion בְּצֵל יָדִי Isaiah 51:16.
4 cover, spread over, fat, the inwards Exodus 29:13,22; Leviticus 3:3,9,14; Leviticus 4:8 (with עַל), Leviticus 7:3 (P); leprosy, the skin and flesh Leviticus 13:12,13 (P); the cloud of the theophany, the mount Exodus 24:15,16 (P), the tent of meeting Exodus 40:34; Numbers 17:7 (P), and the tabernacle Numbers 9:15,16 (P); altar with tears Malachi 2:13 (2accusative); Jerusalem with multitude of camels Isaiah 60:6; of handiwork 1 Kings 7:18,41,42 2 Chronicles 4:12,13.
5 cover, overwhelm, followed by accusative, the sea the Egyptians Exodus 14:28 (P), Exodus 15:5,10 (song), Joshua 24:7 (E), Psalm 78:53; Psalm 106:11; waters Job 22:11; Job 38:34; Psalm 104:9; Jeremiah 46:8; Ezekiel 26:19; locusts the eye of the land Exodus 10:5,15 (J), also Israel Numbers 22:5,11 (J); frogs the land Exodus 8:2 (P); quails the camp Exodus 16:13 (P); cloud the land Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 38:9,16; darkness the earth Isaiah 60:2; dust a city Ezekiel 26:10; the depths of the sea by God Job 36:30; with a reference to a person's shame Psalm 44:16; Psalm 69:8; Jeremiah 51:51; Obadiah 10; Micah 7:10; horror Psalm 55:6; Ezekiel 7:18; violence Proverbs 10:6,11; Habakkuk 2:17; confusion Jeremiah 3:25; mischief Psalm 140:10; God covers sin Psalm 85:3 ("" נשׂא עון), compare Psalm 32:1 (Qal).
6 followed by על of person or thing covered, cover over: cherubim over the ark 2 Chronicles 5:8; over the dead, the earth Numbers 16:33 (JE), Psalm 106:17; Isaiah 26:21, worms Job 21:26; dust over blood Ezekiel 24:7; waters over the sea Habakkuk 2:14, compare לַיָּם Isaiah 11:9; (see Dr§ 135. 7 Obs.); love covereth over all sins Proverbs 10:12; God covereth over iniquity Nehemiah 3:37; people not to cover over a guilty person Deuteronomy 13:9; + accusative of object covering (Da Synt. § 75), figurative covering over the garment with violence Malachi 2:16; God's hands with light Job 36:32; + בְּ of covering Psalm 44:20.
Note. — ( אֵלֶיךָ) כִסִּתִי Psalm 143:9 is error for חָסִיתִי according to ᵐ5 κατέφυγον Song of Solomon , but חסה not construct with אֶלֿ; חִכִּיתִי Bae; הֶאֱבַלְתִּי כִּסֵּתִי עָלָיו אֶתתְּֿהוֺם Ezekiel 31:15 according to Co I caused the deep to mourn for them (strike out כסתי).
Pual. Perfect 3 masculine plural כָּסּוּ Psalm 80:11; Proverbs 24:31; Imperfect יְכֻסֶּה Ecclesiastes 6:4; plural וַיְכֻסּוּ Genesis 7:19,20; Participle plural מְכֻסִּים 1 Chronicles 21:16; feminine plural מְכֻסּוֺת Ezekiel 41:16.
1 followed by accusative be covered, hills with shadow Psalm 80:11; mountains with water Genesis 7:19,20 (P); field with nettles Proverbs 24:31; absolute, windows of temple Ezekiel 41:16.
2 followed by בְּ, be clothed, with sackcloth 1 Chronicles 21:16; name with darkness Ecclesiastes 6:4.
Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְכַּס Isaiah 37:1 = 2 Kings 19:1; 3 feminine singular תִּכַּסֶּה Proverbs 26:26; וַתִּתְכָּ֑ס Genesis 24:65; plural יִתְכַּסּוּ Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8; Participle מִתְכַּסֶּה 1 Kings 11:29; plural מִתְכַּסִּים Isaiah 37:2 = 2 Kings 19:2; — cover, clothe oneself, absolute (of veil) Genesis 24:65 (J); with בְּ, of new garment 1 Kings 11:29; sackcloth 2 Kings 19:1,2= Isaiah 37:1,2; figurative of works Isaiah 59:6, of hatred with guile Proverbs 26:26; with accusative Jonah 3:5 (שַׂקִּים).
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כָּסָה to cover, to cover over; kindred roots כָּסָא and כָּשָׂה. (Syr. ܟܣܐܳ id. also to put on; Arab. كسا to put on; Ch. כְּסָה to cover; hence, to be hidden, concealed.) In Kal it is only found in part. כֹּסֶה Proverbs 12:16, 23 Proverbs 12:23, and כָּסוּי Psalms 32:1. Much more frequently used is
(1) to cover, followed by an acc. Exodus 10:5; Numbers 9:15, 22:5, or by עַל (like other verbs of covering סָכַךְ, כָּפַר), as if eine Decke machen über etwas; Numbers 16:33, וַתְּכַס עֲלֵיהֶם הָאָרֶץ “and the earth covered them,” prop. covered over them; Job 21:26, וְרִמָּה תְּכַסֶּה עֲלֵיהֶם “and the worms cover them;” 2 Chronicles 5:8 followed by לְ Isaiah 11:9. To cover some person, or thing with any thing, const.
(a) followed by an acc. of pers. and בְּ of the covering; Levit. 17:13, וְכִסָּהוּ בֶּעָפָר “and he shall cover it (the blood) with dust;” Numbers 4:5,, 11.
(b) followed by two acc. Ezekiel 18:7, 16 Ezekiel 18:16, 16:10.
(c) followed by עַל of pers. and בְּ of the covering, Psalms 44:20.
(d) with an acc. of the covering, and עַל of the thing to be covered, Ezekiel 24:7 comp. Job 36:32. Often used metaph. to cover over sin, i.e. to pardon; followed by an acc. Psalms 85:3 followed by עַל Proverbs 10:12 Neh. 3:37 Psalms 32:1 [Kal]; כְּסוּי חַטָּאָה “whose sin is covered,” i.e. forgiven; compare כָּפַר. כִּסָּה אֶלּ pregn. used for to confide covertly in any one, Psalms 143:9.
(2) Intrans. to cover oneself, to put on any thing, Genesis 38:14; Deuteronomy 22:12; Jonah 3:6, וַיְכַס שַׂק “and he clothed himself with sackcloth.” (Arabic كَسَا to put on; followed by an acc.)
(3) to cover, to conceal (compare Chald.), Proverbs 10:18, 12:16, 23 Proverbs 12:23[Kal]; Job 31:33. Job 23:17, וּמִפָּנַי כִּסָּה־אֹפֶל “and (because) he hath (not) covered the darkness from my sight;” has not set me free from calamities.
Pual כֻּסָּה and כָּסָּה (Psalms 80:11; Proverbs 24:31); pass. to be covered; followed by בְּ of the covering, 1 Chronicles 21:16; Ecclesiastes 6:4 also by an acc. Psalms 80:11, כָּסּוּ חָרִים צִלָּהּ “the mountains were covered with its shadow.” Proverbs 24:31.
Niphal, Jeremiah 51:42; Ezekiel 24:8.
Hithpael, to cover over oneself; followed by בְּ of covering, Isaiah 59:6; 1 Kings 11:29 once followed by an acc. Jonah 3:8.
Derived nouns, כָּסוּי, כְּסוּת (and סוּת), כֶּסֶת, מִכְסֶה, מְכַסֶּה.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.