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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3510 - כָּאַב

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be in pain, be sore, have pain, be sorrowful

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be in pain (physical)

1a2) to be in pain (mental)

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to cause pain, hurt, mar

1b2) pain, mar (participle)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4192 ‑ πόνος (pon'‑os);  889 ‑ ἀχρειόω (akh‑ri‑o'‑o);  1294 ‑ διαστρέφω (dee‑as‑tref'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 2
NAS (10)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 3
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 3
HCS (8)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 2
BSB (8)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 2
ESV (8)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 2
WEB (7)
Genesis 1
2 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1232) bk (כב KB) AC: ? CO: Star AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand and represents a covering, the b is a picture of a tent. Combined these mean "covering of the tent". The black goat hair fabric used for the roof of the tent allows some light through giving the appearance of stars overhead. When it rains the hair fibers swell sealing all of these holes.

B) bbk (כבב KBB) AC: ? CO: Star AB: ?

gm ) bbfk (כובב KWBB) - S KJV (37): star - Strongs: H3556 (כּוֹכָב)

D) bak (כאב KAB) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sorrow: [Unknown connection to root]

V) bak (כאב KAB) - Sorrow: KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Participle) sorrowful, sore, pain, sad, mar, grieve - Strongs: H3510 (כָּאַב)

Nm) bak (כאב KAB) - Sorrow: KJV (6): sorrow, grief, pain - Strongs: H3511 (כְּאֵב)

acm) bfakm (מכאוב MKAWB) - Sorrow: KJV (16): sorrow, pain, grief - Strongs: H4341 (מַכְאֹבָה)

H) ebk (כבה KBH) AC: Quench CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) ebk (כבה KBH) - Quench: KJV (24): (vf: Paal, Piel) quench, out - Strongs: H3518 (כָּבָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כָּאַב verb be in pain (Aramaic כְּאֵב, id.; Arabic be sorrowful, sad; Assyrian in derivatives, ikkibu, pain Zim BP 67, kêbtu, ruin Hpt in KAT 2Glossary i.) —

Qal Imperfect יִכְאָבֿ Proverbs 14:13; יִכְאָ֑ב Job 14:22; Participle כּוֺאֵב Psalm 69:30; כֹּאֲבִים Genesis 34:25; —

1 be in pain, physical Genesis 34:25 (J, as result of circumcision); Job 14:22 (subject בָּשָׂר; poetic of body in grave "" נַפְשׁוֺ תֶּאֱבָ֑ל).

2 of mental pain Proverbs 14:13 (subject לֵב; probably also Psalm 69:30 ("" עָנִי).

Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular suffix הִכְאַבְתִּיו Ezekiel 13:22; 2 feminine plural הִכְאַבְתֶּן Ezekiel 13:22 ᵐ5ᵑ7 Co (ᵑ0הַכְאוֺת see כָּאָה); Imperfect יַכְאִיב Job 5:18; תַּכְאִ֫בוּ 2 Kings 3:19; Participle מַכְאִב Ezekiel 28:24; — pain, mar;

1 of enemies of Israel under figure of thorn causing pain (no object expressed) ׳קוֺץ מַכ Ezekiel 28:24 ("" מַמְאִיר סִלּוֺן); of שַׁדַּי, no object expressed, Job 5:18 (opposed to חָבַשׁ, "" מָחַץ.

2 of mental pain, object לֵב, Ezekiel 13:22 (subject false prophetesses, see above); compare Ezekiel 13:22 (subject ׳י).

3 (si vera lectio) of marring good land with stones 2 Kings 3:19, ᵐ5 άχρειώσετε (Klo תְּאַבְּדוּ).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּאַב or

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הִכְאַבְתִּ֑יו הכאבתיו וְכוֹאֵ֑ב וכואב יִכְאַב־ יִכְאָ֑ב יַכְאִ֣יב יכאב יכאב־ יכאיב כֹּֽאֲבִ֗ים כאבים מַכְאִ֔ב מכאב תַּכְאִ֖בוּ תכאבו hichavTiv hiḵ’aḇtîw hiḵ·’aḇ·tîw kō’ăḇîm kō·’ă·ḇîm koaVim machIv maḵ’iḇ maḵ·’iḇ tachIvu taḵ’iḇū taḵ·’i·ḇū vechoEv wə·ḵō·w·’êḇ wəḵōw’êḇ yachIv yaḵ’îḇ yaḵ·’îḇ yichAv yiḵ’āḇ yiḵ’aḇ- yiḵ·’āḇ yiḵ·’aḇ-
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