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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #331 - אָטַם

Transliteration
ʼâṭam
Phonetics
aw-tam'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
73
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אֵטוּן
 
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אָטַר
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to shut, shut up, close

1a) (Qal) to shut, stop (of lips)

1b) (Hiphil) of the wicked stopping their ears (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2927 ‑ κρυπτός (kroop‑tos');  5420 ‑ φράσσω (fras'‑so);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
NAS (7)
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
HCS (8)
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
BSB (8)
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
ESV (8)
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
WEB (8)
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1197) mu (תהמ ThM) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or container, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "container of water". A bowl of water is used to wash dirt off.

C) mua (אתהמ AThM) AC: Shut CO: Shut AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) mua (אתהמ AThM) - Shut: The closing of the eyes, ears or a window. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) narrow, stop, shut - Strongs: H331 (אָטַם)

E) amu (תהמא ThMA) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?

V) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (161): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) unclean, defile, pollute - Strongs: H2930 (טָמֵא)

Nm) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (87): unclean, defiled, infamous, polluted, pollution - Strongs: H2931 (טָמֵא)

of1) eamfu (תהומאה ThWMAH) - Unclean: KJV (37): uncleanness, filthiness, unclean - Strongs: H2932 (טֻמְאָה)

H) emu (תהמה ThMH) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?

V) emu (תהמה ThMH) - Unclean: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal) defile, vile - Strongs: H2933 (טָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אטם] verb shut, shut up (Mishna אטם, compare אוֺטֶם stoppage, Aramaic אֲטַם; Arabic contract, stop, fortress; Assyrian a‰amu, in list of headgear, etc. = turban? Dl W, No. 155) —

Qal Participle active אֹטֵם Proverbs 17:28 2t.; passive אֲטֻמִים 1 Kings 6:4; אֲטֻמוֺת Ezekiel 40:16 2t.; — shut, stop, object lips Proverbs 17:28; ears Proverbs 21:13; Isaiah 33:15; passive = closed (i.e. narrowed, narrowing, compare ᵑ6 in Co) ׳חַלּוֺנוֺת א Ezekiel 40:16; Ezekiel 41:16,26; compare חַלּוֺנֵי שְׁקֻפִים אֲטֻמִים 1 Kings 6:4.

Hiph`il Imperfect id quod Qal יַאְטֵם Psalm 58:5 (jussive with sense of indicative, compare Dr§ 173obs.) of adder, stopping ears, simile of wicked.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָטַם to shut, to close up, to stop, e.g. the mouth, the ears, Proverbs 17:28, 21:13 חַלּוֹנוֹת אֲטֻמוֹת, Ezekiel 40:16, 41:16, 26 Ezekiel 41:26, “closed windows, with shut lattices,” the bars of which being let into the wall and planks, could not be opened and shut at pleasure. LXX. θυρίδες δικτυωταί. Symm. τοξικαί. Comp. 1 Kings 6:4. Comp. Arab. أَطِمَ, to put a curtain over a window.

Hiphil id., Psalms 58:5.


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List of Word Forms
אֲטֻמ֣וֹת אֲטֻמ֤וֹת אֲטֻמִֽים׃ אֹטֵ֖ם אֹטֵ֣ם אֹטֵ֤ם אטם אטמות אטמים׃ הָ֠אֲטֻמוֹת האטמות יַאְטֵ֥ם יאטם ’ă·ṭu·mîm ’ă·ṭu·mō·wṯ ’ăṭumîm ’ăṭumōwṯ ’ō·ṭêm ’ōṭêm atuMim atuMot hā’ăṭumōwṯ hā·’ă·ṭu·mō·wṯ Haatumot oTem ya’·ṭêm ya’ṭêm yaTem
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