the First Week of Advent
Click here to join the effort!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3205 - יָלַד
1) to bear, bring forth, beget, gender, travail
1a1) to bear, bring forth
1a1a) of child birth
1a1b) of distress (simile)
1a1c) of wicked (behaviour)
1a2) to beget
1b) (Niphal) to be born
1c1) to cause or help to bring forth
1c2) to assist or tend as a midwife
1c3) midwife (participle)
1d) (Pual) to be born
1e1) to beget (a child)
1e2) to bear (figuratively — of wicked bringing forth iniquity)
1f) (Hophal) day of birth, birthday (infinitive)
1g) (Hithpael) to declare one’s birth (pedigree)
V) dli (ילד YLD) - B (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel, Participle) |kjv: beget, bare, born, bring forth, bear, travail, midwife, child, deliver, borne, birth, labour, brought up - Strongs: H3205 (יָלַד)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect יָלַד Genesis 4:18 (3t. in verse) + 16t.; יָלָ֑ד Jeremiah 17:11; וְיָלַד consecutive Psalm 7:15; suffix יְלָֽדְךָ Deuteronomy 32:18; 2 masculine singular suffix ילדתני Jeremiah 2:27 Kt; Qr יְלִדְתָּנוּ (Kö i. 410 Ges§ 70, 2. R. 4); 1 singular suffix יְלִדְתִּ֫יךָ Psalm 2:7; יְלִדְתִּ֫יהוּ Numbers 11:12, etc.; Imperfect יֵלֶד(יֹוםׅ Proverbs 27:1; 3 feminine singular תֵּלֵד Genesis 17:17 6t.; וַתֵּ֫לֶד Genesis 4:1 61t.; 2 feminine singular תֵּלְדִי Genesis 3:16; אֵלֵד Genesis 18:13; וָאֵלֵד 1 Kings 3:17; יֵלְדוּ Isaiah 65:23; 3 feminine plural תֵּלַדְנָה Jeremiah 29:6; וַתֵּלַדְנָה Ezekiel 23:4; וַתֵּלַדְןָ Genesis 30:39, etc.; Infinitive absolute יָלֹד Job 15:35; construct לֵדָה Hosea 9:11 3t.; לֶ֫דֶת Genesis 4:2 10t.; לָלַת 1 Samuel 4:19 (Kö i, 402, but probably text error Dr); suffix לִדְתִּי 1 Kings 3:18, etc.; Participle active יֹלֵד Proverbs 17:21; Jeremiah 30:6, etc.; feminine יוֺלֵדָה Hosea 13:13 12t.; יֹלֶ֫דֶת Genesis 17:19 4t.; יֹלַדְתְּ Genesis 16:11 2t. (Kö i. 404f.; perhaps יֹלֶדֶת intended by Kt, compare Sta§ 213 b); suffix Proverbs 23:25; יוֺלַדְתּוֺ Proverbs 17:25; etc.; plural יֹלְדוֺת Jeremiah 16:3; Passive participle יָלוּד 1 Kings 3:26,27; construct יְלוּד Job 14:1 2t.; plural יְלוּדִים 1 Chronicles 14:4; —
1 bear, bring froth:
a. (a mother a child,) so commonly, approximately 208t.; followed by accusative Genesis 3:16; Genesis 4:1 & constantly; accusative omitted Genesis 6:2 etc. = be delivered of a child, 1 Kings 3:17,18; 2 Kings 19:3 = Isaiah 37:3 (in proverb with negative, i.e. human power exhausted); of animals Genesis 30:39; Genesis 31:8 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 14:5; Jeremiah 17:11 (bird laying eggs, or hatching out young), Ezekiel 31:6; Job 39:1,2; but also of whole process of labour (compare חול) וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ Genesis 35:16 compare Genesis 35:17, Genesis 38:27,28, compare 1 Samuel 14:19; Jeremiah 31:18; Micah 5:2 (of a Prayer of Manasseh , as preposterous, Jeremiah 30:6, compare Moses as mother of Israel Numbers 11:12).
b. hence in simile of distress Micah 4:9,10; Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 21:3; Isaiah 42:14; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 13:21; Jeremiah 22:23; Jeremiah 30:6; Jeremiah 49:24; Jeremiah 50:43; Psalm 48:7, compare Hosea 13:13; ילד עלבֿרכים (Sta ZAW 1886,143ff.) Genesis 30:3; Genesis 50:23 (compare Job 3:12).
c. figurative of wicked וְהָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שָׁ֑קֶר Psalm 7:15 compare Job 15:35 also Isaiah 33:11; of Israelites, bringing froth wind (of vain efforts for deliverance) Isaiah 26:18; כְּפֹר שָׁמַיִם מִי יְלָדוֺ Job 38:29; of Tyre as mother of her inhabitants Isaiah 23:4 of Jerusalem Isaiah 51:18; Isaiah 54:1; Isaiah 66:7,8; Ezekiel 16:20; Israel bearing disloyal children Hosea 5:7; Jerusalem and Samaria, as Oholibah and Oholah Ezekiel 23:37; of Babylon Jeremiah 50:12; of a day, as producing events לֹאתֵֿדַע מַה יֵּ֫לֶד יוֺם Proverbs 27:1; perhaps of God (figurative of rock צוּר), as mother of Israel bringing forth with labour Deuteronomy 32:18 yet see
2 less often beget:
a. literal, approximately 22t., always with accusative; in Hexateuch a mark of J; Genesis 4:18 (3t. in verse); Genesis 10:8,13,15,24 (twice in verse); Genesis 10:26 = 1 Chronicles 1:10,11,13,18 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 1:20, Genesis 22:23; Genesis 25:3 ( Deuteronomy 32:18 & Numbers 11:12 E are dubious; P uses Hiph`il), elsewhere Proverbs 17:21; Proverbs 23:23,24; Daniel 11:6.
b. beget, figurative Psalm 2:7 of ׳י s formally installing king into theocratic rights.
3 Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse), of both parents (literally); Passive participle 3t. = child 1 Kings 3:26,27 where mother is named, 1 Chronicles 14:4 where father named.
Niph`al Perfect נוֺלַד 1 Chronicles 2:3 6t. + הנּוֺלַדֿ Genesis 21:3 according to points, but read Participle (see Di); נוּ֯לְּדוּ Genesis 3:5; Genesis 20:8 (compare Ol§ 70,2, R. 5); Imperfect יִוָּלֵד Genesis 17:17 4t.; יִוָּ֑לֶד Isaiah 66:8; וַיִּוָּלֵד Genesis 4:18 2t., etc.; Infinitive הִוָּ֑לֶד Genesis 21:5; הִוָָּֽלְדוֺ Ecclesiastes 7:1; הִוָּלְדָהּ Hosea 2:5; Participle נוֺלָד 1 Kings 13:2 3t. ( Genesis 21:3 see above); נוֺלָדִים Genesis 48:5; 1 Chronicles 7:21; — be born: of human beings, followed by לְ (born to such and such a man), Genesis 4:18; Genesis 10:1; Genesis 17:17; Genesis 21:3,5; Genesis 46:20; Genesis 48:5; Numbers 26:60; Deuteronomy 23:9; 2 Samuel 3:2 (Qr), 2 Samuel 5:13; 2 Samuel 14:27; 1 Chronicles 2:3,9; 1 Chronicles 3:1,4,5; 1 Chronicles 20:6,8; 1 Chronicles 22:9; 1 Chronicles 26:6; Job 1:2 compare 1 Kings 13:2; without לְ, Job 3:3; Job 38:21; Psalm 78:6; 1 Chronicles 7:21; Ecclesiastes 7:1 (טוֺב שֵׁם מִשֶּׁמֶן טוֺבוְיוֺם הַמָּוֶת מִיּוֺם הִוָָּֽלְדוֺ׃); metaphor of Israel (under figure of unfaithful wife) Hosea 2:5; of nation, גּוֺי, Isaiah 66:8; people, עַם, Psalm 22:32; of animals Leviticus 22:27; Deuteronomy 15:19; Participle כָּלנָֿשִׁים וְהַנּוֺלָד מֵהֶם Ezra 10:3; with predicate or appositive on which emphasis rests, רָ֑שׁ׳נ Ecclesiastes 4:14 he was born poor; אֹהֵב הָרֵ֑ע וְאָח לְצָרָה יִוָּלֵד Proverbs 17:17; עַיִר פראאדם יִוָּלֵד Job 11:12; Job 15:7.
Pi`el Infinitive יַלֶּדְכֶן Exodus 1:16 Participle absolute מְיַלֶּדֶת Genesis 35:17 2t.; plural absolute מְיִלְּדוֺת Exodus 1:15 5t. in Exodus 1; — cause (or help) to bring forth, namely, assist or tend as midwife Exodus 1:16 followed by accusative; elsewhere only Participle feminine as substantive = midwife; Genesis 35:17 (E), Genesis 38:28 (J), Exodus 1:15,17,18,19 (twice in verse); Exodus 1:20,21 (E).
Pu`al Perfect יֻלַּד Genesis 4:26 13t.; יוּלַּד Judges 18:29; יֻלָּד֨ Genesis 41:50; יוּלָּ֑ד Job 5:7; יֻלְּדוּ Genesis 6:1 4t. + 2 Samuel 3:2 Kt (Qr וַיִּוָָּֽלְדוּ); יֻלָּ֑דוּ Psalm 90:2, etc.; Participle (? compare Kö i. 433; Ges§ 52, 2, R. 6) הַיוּלָּד Judges 13:8 (Bö ii. p. 244passive Qal); i. q. Niph`al be born, followed by לְ of father Genesis 4:26; Genesis 6:1; Genesis 10:21,25; Genesis 24:15 (all J), Genesis 41:50 (E), Genesis 35:26; Genesis 36:5; Genesis 46:22,27 (all P), Judges 18:29; 2 Samuel 3:2,5; 2 Samuel 21:20,22; 1 Chronicles 1:19; Jeremiah 20:15; followed by לְ before grandmother's name Ruth 4:17 compare לָ֫נוּ Isaiah 9:5; followed by לְ of purpose, destiny, אדם לעמל יוּלָּד֑ Job 5:7; יֻלְּדוּעַלבִּֿרְכֵי יוֺסֵף Genesis 50:23 (E; ⅏׳בִּימֵי יו, cit. Di) denoting recognition of children as his; no preposition Jeremiah 20:14; Jeremiah 22:26, compare Judges 13:8 (see above); figurative of foreigners incorporated in spiritual Zion Psalm 87:4; Psalm 87:5; Psalm 87:6; of production of mountains Psalm 90:2.
Hiph`il Perfect הוֺלִיד Genesis 11:27 +; הוֺלִד Numbers 26:58; הֹלִיד 1 Chronicles 2:36 +; suffix וְהוֺלִידָהּ consecutive Isaiah 55:10; הוֺלַדְ֫תָּ Genesis 48:6, etc.; Imperfect יוֺלִיד Genesis 17:20; Ecclesiastes 6:3; וַיּ֫וֺלֶד Genesis 5:3 +; 2 masculine singular תּוֺלִיד Deuteronomy 4:25 4t.; אוֺלִיד Isaiah 66:9; Imperative הוֺלִי֫דוּ Jeremiah 29:6; Infinitive absolute הוֺלֵיד Isaiah 59:4; construct suffix הוֺלִידוֺ Genesis 5:4 16t.; Participle מוֺלִיד Isaiah 66:9; מוֺלִדִים Jeremiah 16:3; —
1 beget (a father a child) Genesis 5:3,4 (twice in verse) + 56t. in Genesis; Leviticus 25:45; Numbers 26:29,58 (all these P, see below
Qal) + Deuteronomy 4:25; Deuteronomy 28:41 (see Di), 1 Chronicles 2:10 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 2:11 (twice in verse) + 84t. Chronicles; Ruth 4:18 8t., Judges 11:1; 2 Kings 20:18 = Isaiah 39:7; Jeremiah 29:6; Ezekiel 18:10,14; Ezekiel 47:22; Ecclesiastes 5:13; Ecclesiastes 6:3, compare Isaiah 45:10; also Jeremiah 16:3 אֲבוֺתָם הַמּוֺלִדִיםאוֺתָם, compare frequently Assyr. abu banu§a, e.g. VR Jeremiah 1:8; figurative of producing dewdrops Job 38:28; of causing the earth to bear grain Isaiah 55:10, causing Zion to bring forth Isaiah 66:9.
2 bear, only figurative Isaiah 59:4 ("" הָרוֺ), of wicked, bringing forth iniquity (this favoured by context others, beget).
Hoph`al Infinitive חֻלֶּ֫דֶת Genesis 40:20; Ezekiel 16:5; הוּלֶּ֫דֶת Ezekiel 16:4 (Co as foregoing); only אֶתֿ׳יוֺם ה Genesis 40:20; Ezekiel 16:4,5 day of one's being born = birthday.
Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְיִלְּדוּ Numbers 1:18 denominative from תולדת declared their pedigree (see Di).
יָלַד (Arabic وَلَدَ, Eth. ወለደ፡), 1 pers. יָלַדְתִּי, but with suff. יְלִדְתִּיךָ Psalms 2:7, יְלִדְתִּנִי Jeremiah 15:10 יְלִדְתָּנוּ 2:27 (which some would take from יָלֵד, ܝܺܠܶܕ, without any, need), inf. absol. יָלֹד constr. לֵדָה (לְלֵדָה Isaiah 37:3 מִלֵּדָה Hosea 9:11); לֶדֶת, once לַת 1 Samuel 4:19 with suff. לִדְלתּהּ, fut. יֵלֵד, part. יֹלֵד, fem. יֹלֶדֶת and יֹלַדְתְּ Genesis 16:11; Judges 13:5, Judges 13:7.
(1) to bring forth, to bear, as a mother, Genesis 4:1, 22 16:1, 15 Genesis 16:15, etc.; used of animals as well as persons, Genesis 30:39 also to lay eggs, as a bird, Jeremiah 17:11. Part. fem. יוֹלֶדֶת one who brings forth, poetically for a mother, Proverbs 17:25, 23:25 Song of Solomon 6:9. Sometimes the accusative children is omitted by ellipsis; Genesis 6:4, וְיָֽלְדוּ לָהֶם “and they bare (children) to them;” 16:1, וְשָׂרַי אֵשֶׁת אַבְרָם לֹא יָֽלְדָה לוֹ “and Sarai Abraham’s wife bare him no (children);” 30:3 (comp. Niphal and Pual). Metaphorically, to bring forth fraud, iniquity (opp. to הָרָה to conceive, to plan), Job 15:35; Psalms 7:15 compare Isaiah 33:11. by a similar metaphor, Proverbs 27:1, “thou knowest not what a day may bring forth;” Zephaniah 2:2.
(2) to beget, as a father (like the Greek τίκτειν, γεννᾷν, Lat. parere, used of either sex, whence οἱ τεκόντες, parentes), Genesis 4:18, 10:8, 13 Genesis 10:13. Used of God, to create. Deuteronomy 32:18, “thou hast forgotten the rock that begat (created) thee.” Jerem. 2:27, “(idolators) say to a stock, thou art my father, thou hast begotten (i.e. hast created) me.” (Compare אָב No. 3.) Thus light will be thrown on the passage Psalms 2:7, where God says to the king (the son of God, comp. בֵּן No. 8, b), “thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee;” i.e. I have created or constituted thee king, giving thee the divine spirit. Those who maintain that this word must necessarily be taken in a physical sense, as implying generation, and that in this passage the eternal generation of Christ is taught, do not appear to have considered (besides the passages in Deut. and Jer.) the words of the apostle, 1 Corinthians 4:15, ἐν γὰρ Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εὐαγγελίου ἐγὼ ὑ̔μᾶς ἐγέννησα. [Whatever difficulty might have been found in Psalms 2:7, it is all cleared away by the New Test.; where we learn, that it speaks of the resurrection of Christ, when He, the eternal son of God, became the first begotten of the dead; the passage 1 Corinthians 4:15, refers to believers in the risen son of God, who are themselves “begotten again to a lively hope” by His resurrection, or, as is said in another place, “begotten by the word of truth.”]
Niphal נוֹלַד to be born. Genesis 4:18, וַיִּוָּלֵד לִחֲנוֹךְ אֶת־עִירָד “and unto Enoch was born Irad;” 21:5 46:20 Numbers 26:60. Ellip. as in Kal No. 1. Genesis 17:17, הַלְּבֶן מֵאָה־שָׁנָה יִוָּלֵד “shall (a child) be born to him that is an hundred years old?” 1 Chronicles 3:5, 20:8, for נוֹלְדוּ Lamed is doubled נוּלְּדוּ.
Piel יִלֵּד to aid a woman who brings forth, Exodus 1:16. Part. f. מְיַלֶּדֶת a midwife, Exodus 1:15; Genesis 35:17.
Pual יֻלַּד and יוּלַּד Judges 18:29; Ruth 4:17
(1) to be born, i.q. Niphal, Genesis 4:26, 6:1. Impers. e.g. 10:21, וּלְשֵׁם יוּלַּד גַּם־הוּא “and to Shem even to him was born,” i.e. children were born.
(2) to be created, Psalms 90:2.
(1) to cause a woman to bring forth (spoken of God), Isaiah 66:9 to beget children by any one, to impregnate a woman, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 8:8 to make (the earth) fruitful (as showers), Isaiah 55:10.
(2) to beget, as a father, i.q. Kal No. 2, Genesis 5:4,, 10, 13, seq.; 11:11, seq. Metaphorically to beget wickedness, Isaiah 59:4 (nor is it needful in this passage to ascribe to Hiphil the sense of bringing forth).
(3) to create. Job 38:28, מִי־הוֹלִיד אֶגְלֵי־טָל “who hath begotten (created) the storehouses of dew?”
Hophal, properly to be caused to be born, hence to be born. Inf. הֻלֶּדֶת Genesis 40:20, and הוּלֶּדֶת Ezekiel 16:4, Ezekiel 16:5, birth. Genesis loc. cit., יוֹם הֻלֶּדָת אֶת־פַּרְעֹה “Pharaoh’s birth day,” prop. the day of Pharaoh’s being born. As to the use of accusatives with passive verbs, see my Grammar, edit. 9, p. 233 [§ 140, ed.11]. Olshausen, Emendationen zum A. T. p. 24, 25.
Hithpael, to declare one’s self to be born, to cause one’s name to be inscribed in the genealogical tables, Numbers 1:18. In the books of a later age, the expression used is הִתְיַחֵשׂ.
Derivative nouns, besides those which immediately follow, יָלִיד, מוֹלֶדֶת, תּוֹלֶדֶת, וֶלֶד וָלָד, and pr.n. מוֹלִיד, מוֹלָדָה, תּוֹלָד, אֶלְתּוֹלָד.