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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2560 - חָמַר
1) to boil, foam, foam up, ferment
1a) (Qal) to boil, foam up
1b) (Poalal) to be troubled, be in turmoil
2) (Poalal) to be reddened
3) (Qal) to daub, seal up, cover or smear with asphalt
2175) rmh (ההמר HhMR) AC: Boil CO: Tar AB: ?: A dark, thick and slimy substance often called bitumen is released the bottom of water pools rising to the surface in bubbles (seen as a boiling) . This substance was used for waterproofing boats or other vessels as well as a type of mortar. [from: mh- a separating out of substances]
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to boil up, to ferment (Arab. خمر Conj. I., II., VIII., to ferment, as leaven; and Conj. VIII. to ferment, as wine). Used of the foaming or raging of the sea, Psalms 46:4, of wine; Psalms 75:9 (where others assign the sense of redness, compare No. 2); compare pass., חֶמֶר wine, חֹמֶר No. 1.
(2) to be red, from the idea of boiling, foaming, becoming inflamed (Arab. حَمَرَ Conj. IX. and XI. to be red; Conj. I, Med. E, to burn with anger. Conj. II, to write with any thing red, أَحْمَرُ red, حُمْرَةُ redness, حَمْرَاءُ very vehement ardour, خمر to blush, to be ashamed.) Used of the face inflamed with weeping, Job 16:16 [Poalal]; according to some used of wine, Psalms 75:9 (compare No. 1). Hence חֵמָר, חֲמוֹר, חֹמֶר No. 2.
(3) to swell up, also from the idea of foaming and boiling; as those things which boil up or foam, as the sea, leaven, etc., also swell. Hence חֹמֶר, חֲמוֹר, חֲמוֹרָה a heap.
(4) denom. from חֵמָר to daub with bitumen, Exodus 2:3.
Pass. of a gem. form Poalal, חֳמַרְמַר to be made to boil (gähren, braufen), used of the bowels when much troubled (comp. הָמָה No. 3, רָתַח), Lamentations 1:20, 2:11 used of the face as inflamed with weeping, Job 16:16. (Such geminate forms as this are especially used in the Phœnicio-Shemitic languages, when swift motion is the signification intended; as has been shewn by many examples by H. Hupfeld, in Exercitatt. Eth., p. 27, 28.)
For the derivatives, see under Kal No. 1-3.
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