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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2564 - חֵמָר
1) slime, pitch, asphalt, bitumen
2175) rmh (ההמר HhMR) AC: Boil CO: Tar AB: ?: A dark, thick and slimy substance often called bitumen is released the bottom of water pools rising to the surface in bubbles (seen as a boiling) . This substance was used for waterproofing boats or other vessels as well as a type of mortar. [from: mh- a separating out of substances]
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חֵמָר m. ἄσφαλτος, bitumen, which boils up from subterranean fountains like oil or hot pitch, in the vicinity of Babylon, and also near the Dead Sea, and from its bottom; it afterwards hardens through the heat of the sun, and is collected on the surface of the Dead Sea, which hence receives the name of lacus asphaltites. (Tac. Hist. 5, 6. Strabo, xvi. page 763. Diod., ii. 48; xix. 98, 99. Curt., v. 16; see also the accounts of modern travellers collected by Rosenmüller, altes und neues Morgenland, i. No. 24, 31.) Genesis 11:3, 14:10 Exodus 2:3. Arab. حُمَرُ. It receives its name either from its boiling up from the fountains (see Genesis 14:14), from the root No. 1, or from redness, the best kind being of that colour; Diosc. i. 99, ἄσφαλτος διαφέρει ἡ ἰουδαϊκὴ τῆς λοιπῆς· ἔστι δὲ καλὴ ἡ πορφυροειδῶς στίλβουσα … … Γεννᾶται καὶ ἐν Φοινίκῃ καὶ ἐν Σιδόνι καὶ ἐν Βαβυλῶνι καὶ ἐν Ζακύνφῳ.
the First Week of Advent