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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1638 - גָּרַס

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be crushed, be broken

1a) (Qal) to be crushed

1b) (Hiphil) to crush, break (the teeth)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1544 ‑ ἐκβάλλω (ek‑bal'‑lo);  1971 ‑ ἐπιποθέω (ep‑ee‑poth‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
NAS (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
HCS (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
BSB (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
ESV (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
WEB (2)
Psalms 1
Lamentations 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2086) xrc (גרס GRS) AC: Crush CO: ? AB: ?: The crushing of grain in a mill to make meal. [from: rc]

V) xrc (גרס GRS) - Crush: To be crushed as grain to make a meal. KJV (2): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) break - Strongs: H1638 (גָּרַס)

Nm) xrc (גרס GRS) - Crushed: Grain that is crushed to make meal. KJV (2): beaten - Strongs: H1643 (גֶּרֶשׂ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּרַס] verb be crushed (Aramaic [ be crushed,] perish) —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular גָָּֽרְסָה Psalm 119:20 figurative נַפְשִׁי לְ׳ג my soul is crushed (i.e. perisheth: compare Syriac) with longing for (compare כָּלָה לְ).

Hiph`il Imperfect וַיַּגְרֵס בֶּחָצָץ שִׁנָּ֑י Lamentations 3:16 and he hath crushed my teeth with gravel, figurative of divine chastisement.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּרַס to break in pieces by scraping, rubbing, and generally to crush, especially into largish pieces (comp. דָּכַךְ, דָּכָא). So Syr. ܓܪܰܣ, Arab. جرش, compare Heb. עָרַס, whence עֲרִיסָה meal, Gries, Grüße. In the Old Testament once intrans. Psalms 119:20, גָּֽרְסָה נַפְשִׁי לְתַאֲבָה “my soul is crushed for longing.”

Hiphil, to crush, to break in pieces; Lamentations 3:16, וַיַּנְרֵס בֶּחָצָץ שִׁנַּי “and he has broken my teeth with gravel,” figuratively for a condition very calamitous and unhappy. See below גֶּרֶשׂ.

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List of Word Forms
גָּרְסָ֣ה גרסה וַיַּגְרֵ֤ס ויגרס gā·rə·sāh gareSah gārəsāh vaiyagRes way·yaḡ·rês wayyaḡrês
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