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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1624 - גָּרָה

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to cause strife, stir up, contend, meddle, strive, be stirred up

1a) (Piel) to stir up strife, excite strife

1b) (Hithpael)

1b1) to excite oneself against, engage in strife

1b2) to excite oneself (against foe), wage war

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4171 ‑ πόλεμος (pol'‑em‑os);  436 ‑ ἀνθίστημι (anth‑is'‑tay‑mee);  2042 ‑ ἐρεθίζω (er‑eth‑id'‑zo);  2051 ‑ ἐρίζω (er‑id'‑zo);  3736 ‑ ὀρύσσω (or‑oos'‑so);  3903 ‑ παρασκευάζω (par‑ask‑yoo‑ad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 3
NAS (16)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 2
Daniel 4
HCS (14)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 3
BSB (14)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 3
ESV (14)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 3
WEB (14)
Deuteronomy 4
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Proverbs 4
Jeremiah 1
Daniel 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1066) rc (גר GR) AC: Sojourn CO: Traveler AB: F KJV (92): stranger, alien, sojourner, chalkstone - Strongs: H1616 (גֵּיר)

Nf1 ) erc (גרה GRH) - I. Cud:The chewing of the cud by clean animals. II. Gerah:A standard of measure. KJV (16): cud, gerah - Strongs: H1625 (גֵּרָה), H1626 (גֵּרָה)

Nf3) tfrc (גרות GRWT) - Lodge: A temporary residence. KJV (1): habitation - Strongs: H1628 (גֵּרוּת)

if1) erct (תגרה TGRH) - Blow: A striking of another out of anger. KJV (1): blow - Strongs: H8409 (תִּגְרָה)

jm) nfrc (גרונ GRWN) - Throat: The throat is the place where fear is felt. KJV (8): throat, neck, mouth - Strongs: H1627 (גּרָֹן)

kf1) ercm (מגרה MGRH) - Saw: Used in stone cutting (in the sense of chewing) . KJV (4): saw, axe - Strongs: H4050 (מְגֵרָה)

lm) rcrc (גרגר GRGR) - Berry: A food harvested and consumed by travelers along the road. KJV (1): berry - Strongs: H1620 (גַּרְגַּר)

lf2) trcrc (גרגרת GRGRT) - Neck: KJV (4): neck - Strongs: H1621 (גַּרְגְּרוֹת)

B) rrc (גרר GRR) AC: Chew CO: Throat AB: ?: The throat is the place where fear is felt.

V) rrc (גרר GRR) - Chew: KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) catch, destroy, chew, saw, continuing - Strongs: H1641 (גָּרַר)

C) rca (אגר AGR) AC: Gather CO: ? AB: ?: A gathering together of small items for traveling such as grain, berries or coins.

V) rca (אגר AGR) - Gather: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H103 (אָגַר)

cf1) erfca (אגורה AGWRH) - Coin: Carried by travelers for the purchase of supplies. KJV (1): coin - Strongs: H95 (אֲגוֹרָה)

G) rec (גהר GHR) AC: Prostrate CO: ? AB: ?: When a stranger meets another he lays prostrate in homage to the other.

V) rec (גהר GHR) - Prostrate: KJV (3): (vf: Paal) stretch, cast down - Strongs: H1457 (גָּהַר)

H) erc (גרה GRH) AC: Fight CO: Throat AB: ?: The place of chewing and growling out of anger. Also scratching of the throat from fear or affliction.

V) erc (גרה GRH) - Fight: A struggle or strife with another. KJV (14): (vf: Hitpael, Piel) stir up, meddle, contend, strive - Strongs: H1624 (גָּרָה)

J) rfc (גור GWR) AC: Sojourn CO: Dwelling AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: sojourn, dwell, afraid, stranger, assemble - Strongs: H1481 (גּוּר)

Nm ) rfc (גור GWR) - Whelp: Usually a young lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (7): whelp, young one - Strongs: H1482 (גֻּר), H1484 (גֹּרָה)

Nf1) erfc (גורה GWRH) - Whelp: Usually a young female lion. [May be derived from the sound of the lion] KJV (2): whelp - Strongs: H1484 (גֹּרָה)

am) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - F KJV (8): fear, terror - Strongs: H4032 (מָגוּר)

dm ) rfcm (מגור MGWR) - I. Stranger:One who travels in a strange land. II. Sojourn:To travel a strange land. KJV (11): pilgrimage, stranger, dwelling, sojourn - Strongs: H4033 (מָגֻר)

kcf1) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - F |kjv: fear - Strongs: H4034 (מְגוֹרָה)

kdf1 ) erfcm (מגורה MGWRH) - I. F KJV (3): fear, barn - Strongs: H4035 (מְגוּרָה)

L) rci (יגר YGR) AC: ? CO: ? AB: F (vf: Paal) |kjv: afraid, fear - Strongs: H3025 (יָגֹר)

cm ) rfci (יגור YGWR) - Afraid: KJV (2): fear, afraid - Strongs: H3016 (יָגוֹר)

M) ric (גיר GYR) AC: ? CO: Limestone AB: ?: Used to make a plaster for making a flat level floor.

Nm) ric (גיר GYR) - Plaster: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): plaister - Strongs: H1528 (גִּיר), H1615 (גִּר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּרָה] verb only

Pi`el stir up strife,

Hithpa`el engage in strife (compare Late Hebrew Pi`el stir up, excite, against (בְּ) Hithpa`el; Aramaic Pa`el גָּרֵא ; especially Assyrian garû, Qal attack, be at war with, garû, girû, enemy, etc. Asrb Annals iv. 49,50 (KB ii. 190) also SASmith Assurbanipal i. ii. Glossary; Arabic is run, especially of water, flow, etc.) —

Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְגָרֶה Proverbs 15:18; Proverbs 28:25; Proverbs 29:22, all with object מָדוֺן excite, stir up, strife. — On גֵּרָה Deuteronomy 14:8 see I. גֵּרָה below גרר.

Hithpa`el Perfect 2 feminine singular הִתְגָּרִיתְ Jeremiah 50:24; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִתְגָּרֶה Daniel 11:25, וְיִתְגָּרֶ֯ו Daniel 11:10; 2 masculine singular תִּתְגָּרֶה 2 Kings 14:19; 2 Chronicles 25:19; jussive with apocope תִּתְגָּר Deuteronomy 2:9,19; 3 masculine plural יִתְגָּרוּ Proverbs 28:4; Daniel 11:10, compare Daniel 11:10 Kt., see above; 2 masculine plural תִּתְגָּרוּ Deuteronomy 2:5 (jussive); Imperative masculine singular הִתְגָּר Deuteronomy 2:24; —

1 excite oneself against (בְּ person), engage in strife with, literally Deuteronomy 2:5,19; 2 Kings 14:19 2 Chronicles 25:19 (followed by בְּרָעָה; — רעה personified as challenged opponent); also + accusative of manner, מִלְחָמָה Deuteronomy 2:9,24; figurative וְשֹׁמְרֵי תוֺרָה יִתְגָּרוּבָם Proverbs 28:4 while they that keep the law are at strife with them, i.e. with those that forsake it.

2 absolute, excite oneself (against foe), wage war, only Daniel 11:יִתְגָּרוּ וְאָֽסְפוּ הֲמוֺן חֲיָלִים רַבִּים Proverbs 28:10 they shall wage war, etc.; וְיָשֹׁב וְיִתְגָּרֶ֯ו עַדמָֿעֻזֹּה Proverbs 28:10 and he shall return and war, even to his stronghold; Proverbs 28:25 followed by לַמִּלְחָמָה + בְּחַיִל גָּדוֺל (instrumental)

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּרָה not used in Kal, pr. to be rough (from the idea of scraping, comp. the roots beginning with גר), specially of roughness of the throat, i.q. גָּרַר No. 3 (whence גָּרוֹן throat); it is then applied to moroseness, austerity, proneness to anger; Arab. غرى to give way to anger, IV. to provoke, e. g. a dog (Aram. גָּרֵי, ܓܰܪܝܺ, ܓܰܪܶܓ to irritate; comp. Germ. kraßig, griesgramig, used of a morose person).

Piel, גֵּרָה to stir up, excite strife. Proverbs 15:18, אִישׁ חֵמָה יְגָרֶה מָדוֹן “an angry man stirreth up strife.” Proverbs 28:25, 29:22.

Hithpael, pr. to excite, stir up oneself to anger, to strife, or to battle. Hence

(1) to be irritated, angry, Proverbs 28:4, שֹׁמְרֵי תוֹרָה יִתְגָּרוּ בָם “those who keep the law are irritated against them.” Daniel 11:10, init.

(2) to make war with any one, followed by בְּ. Deuteronomy 2:5, 19, אַל־תִּתְגָּר בָּם. “wage no war with them;” in verses and 24 there is also added הִתְגָרָה מִלְחָמָה בַיְהֹוָה “to wage war with Jehovah,” Jeremiah 50:24. 2 Kings 14:10, לָמָּה תִתְגָּרֶה בְּרָעָה “why shouldst thou contend with (excite to battle) misfortune?” Absol. Daniel 11:10, יִתְגָּרֶה עַד־מָעֻזֹּה “he shall make war (shall penetrate) as far as his fortress.” Daniel 11:25, יִתְגָּרֶה לַמִּלְחָמָה “he shall stir himself up (shall arise) to war.”

Derivative תִּגְרָה.

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List of Word Forms
הִתְגָּרִֽית׃ התגרית׃ וְהִתְגָּ֥ר וְיִתְגָּרֶ֖ה והתגר ויתגרה יְגָרֶ֣ה יִתְגָּ֥רוּ יִתְגָּר֗וּ יִתְגָּרֶה֙ יגרה יתגרה יתגרו תִּתְגָּ֣ר תִּתְגָּ֥ר תִּתְגָּר֣וּ תִתְגָּרֶה֙ תתגר תתגרה תתגרו hiṯ·gā·rîṯ hitgaRit hiṯgārîṯ ṯiṯ·gā·reh tiṯ·gā·rū tiṯ·gār titGar tiṯgār titgaReh ṯiṯgāreh titgaRu tiṯgārū vehitGar veyitgaReh wə·hiṯ·gār wə·yiṯ·gā·reh wəhiṯgār wəyiṯgāreh yə·ḡā·reh yegaReh yəḡāreh yiṯ·gā·reh yiṯ·gā·rū yitgaReh yiṯgāreh yitGaru yiṯgārū
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