the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07919 - שָׂכַל
1) to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper
1a) (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect
1b1) to look at or upon, have insight
1b2) to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent
1b3) to have insight, have comprehension
1b3a) insight, comprehension (substantive)
1b4) to cause to consider, give insight, teach
1b4a) the teachers, the wise
1b5) to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely
1b6) to prosper, have success
1b7) to cause to prosper
2) (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)
2477) lkx (סכל SKL) AC: Understand CO: ? AB: ?: The ability to consider a situation with comprehension in order to be successful or prosperous.
V) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: lkV] KJV (64): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) understand, wise, prosper, wisely, understanding, consider, instruct, prudent, skill, teach, consider - Strongs: H7919 (שָׂכַל), H7920 (שְׂכַל)
Nm ) lkx (סכל SKL) - Understanding: [df: lkV] KJV (16): understanding, wisdom, wise, prudence, knowledge, sense, discretion, policy - Strongs: H7922 (שֵׂכֶל)
Nf2 ) tlkx (סכלת SKLT) - Understanding: [Aramaic only] [df: wntlkV] KJV (3): understanding - Strongs: H7924 (שָׂכְלְתָנוּ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׂ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1 singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3 masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2 masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —
1 look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so ᵐ5 Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).
2 give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.
3 have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 ("" ׳יָדַע י), Psalm 94:8 ("" בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 ("" יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as ׳י s gift to ruler and teacher, "" דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; "" דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; "" מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר׳הַשׂ Proverbs 1:3; ׳דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ Proverbs 21:16.
4 cause to consider, give insight, teach: ׳י subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; ׳הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי 2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that Isaiah , in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21 b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33,35; Daniel 12:3,10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).
5 act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5,19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare ᵑ9, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but ׳שׁ
Hiph`il elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; ᵐ5ᵑ6 Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.
6 prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5,14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.
7 cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).
II. [שָׂכַל] verb Pi`el lay crosswise ( Song of Solomon , and not √ I. ׳שׂ, ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9ᵑ7 Jon and modern, compare Arabic bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect 3 masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. ׳שׂ.
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(1) prop. to look at, to behold, i.q. Chald. סְכַל Peal and Ithpael; compare Arab. شَكْلُ figure, likeness; see Hiphil No. 1. More often figuratively
(2) to be prudent, to act prudently, 1 Samuel 18:30 compare Germ. klug; formerly glau; from the verb lugen; Engl. to look; pr. provident, circumspect.
Piel, causat. of Kal No. 2. Genesis 48:14, שִׂכֵּל אֶת־יָדָיו “he (so) placed his hands prudently,” i.e. of set purpose. But all the ancient versions render, he put his hands across. LXX. ἐναλλὰξ τὰς χεῖρας. Vulg. commutans manus, which is defensible; comp. Arab. شَكَلَ to bind; Conj. II., to plait the hair; شَكلَ and شَكُلَ to be intertwined.
(1) to look at. Genesis 3:6, וְנֶחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל “and the tree was desirable to look at.” Vulg. aspectu delectabile.
(2) to attend, to turn the mind to; followed by an acc., Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalms 64:10 followed by עַל Proverbs 16:20 אֶל Nehemiah 8:13; Psalms 41:2, מַשְׂכִּיל אֶל דַּל “who attends to (cares for) the poor;” followed by בְּ Daniel 9:13.
(3) to be or become understanding, prudent, Psalms 2:10, 94:8 followed by בְּ Daniel 1:4 comp. verse 17 to act prudently, Jeremiah 20:11, 23:5. Part. מַשְׂכִּיל prudent, intelligent, Job 22:2 Prop. 10:5 also upright, pious, Psalms 14:2; Daniel 11:33, 35 Daniel 11:35, 12:3, 10 Daniel 12:10(comp. חָכָם, חָכְמָה). Inf. הַשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 3:15 and הַשְׂכֵּל Proverbs 1:3, 21:16 subst. inntelligence, prudence.
(4) i.q. הִצְלִיחַ to be successful (in carrying anything on), to act prosperously, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8; 2 Kings 18:7; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Proverbs 17:8. Also causat.
(5) to make prudent, to teach, Psalms 32:8 followed by two acc., Daniel 9:22 followed by לְ of pers. Proverbs 21:11.
(6) to give success, 1 Kings 2:3.
Part. מַשְׂכִּיל subst., a song, poem, Psalms 47:8 and in the titles of Psa 32:1-11, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 98, 142. The origin of this signification is doubtful. The easiest explanation appears to be that of those who render מַשְׂכִּיל prop. a didactic poem, but so that this special word became applied to other kinds of poems; since the authors of Psalms which are not didactic, sometimes also take the place of teachers (see Psalms 45:11); and Arabic شِعْرَ doctrine, is used of poetry of every kind. Others take it to be, oratio ligata; from شكل; See Piel.
Derivatives, שֵׂכֶל, שֶׂכֶל.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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