the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07181 - קָשַׁב
1) to hear, be attentive, heed, incline (of ears), attend (of ears), hearken, pay attention, listen
1a) (Qal) incline, attend (of ears), hearken, pay attention, listen
1b) (Hiphil) to pay attention, give attention
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 feminine plural תִּקְשַׁבְנָה Isaiah 32:3 (subject אזנים).
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִקְשִׁיב Jeremiah 23:18; Psalm 66:19, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַקְשִׁב Isaiah 42:23, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַקְשֵׁב Job 33:21, especially הַקְשִׁ֫יבָה Psalm 5:3 +, etc.; Infinitive construct הַקְשִׁיב 1 Samuel 15:22 +; Participle מַקְשִׁיב Proverbs 1:24 +, plural מַקְשִׁיבִים Song of Solomon 8:13; — give attention (sometimes + שָׁמַע); absolute Hosea 5:1; 1 Samuel 15:22; Isaiah 10:30; Isaiah 28:23; Isaiah 34:1; Isaiah 49:1; Micah 1:2 12t.; + אֶל person Jeremiah 18:19; Zechariah 1:4; Isaiah 51:4 ("" הֶאֱזִינוּ), לְ person Psalm 55:3; + אֶל of thing Jeremiah 18:18; Nehemiah 9:34; Psalm 142:7, עַל of thing Jeremiah 6:19; Proverbs 17:4; Proverbs 29:12, ל of thing Jeremiah 6:17; Isaiah 48:18; Proverbs 4:20; Proverbs 5:1; Proverbs 7:24; Psalm 5:3; Song of Solomon 8:13, ב of thing Psalm 66:19; Psalm 86:6; also with accusative of thing Jeremiah 23:18; Job 13:6; Psalm 17:1; Psalm 61:2; accusative of congnate meaning with verb Isaiah 21:7; apparently = cause to attend, with accusative אָזְנֶ֑ךָ Proverbs 2:2 (+ ל of thing), Psalm 10:17, but usage would be so late and rare that אָזֱנ֑ךָ is probably subj. thing (Ges§ 144 m Da Synt. § 109. R. 3).
קָשַׁב fut. יִקְשַׁב to attend to any thing, once in Kal, Isaiah 32:3, where it is ascribed to the ear. (The original idea I consider to be that of sharpening, so that קָשַׁב is almost the same as קָצַב, German die Ohren fpißen, to prick up the ears, an expression taken from animals; see the remarks under אֹזֶן p. 26, B )
Hiphil, with the addition of הִקְשִׁיב אָזְנוֹ to prick up (pr. to sharpen) the ear, i.e. to attend to any thing, Psalms 10:17; Proverbs 2:2 without אָזְנוֹ id.; followed by, אֶל Psalms 142:7; Nehemiah 9:34 לְ Psalms 5:3; Isaiah 48:18 עַל Proverbs 17:4, 29:12 בְּ Psalms 66:19, acc. Job 13:6. Hence