the Second Week of Advent
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07138 - קָרֹב
1a) of place
1b) of time
1c) of personal relationship
V) brq (קרב QRB) - Approach: To come near. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (289): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) offer, near, bring, nigh, come, approach, at hand, present - Strongs: H7126 (קָרַב), H7127 (קְרֵב)
Nm) brq (קרב QRB) - I. Within:In the sense of being close. II. N KJV (248): among, midst, within, inward, in, nigh, near, approach, came, battle, war - Strongs: H7128 (קְרָב), H7129 (קְרָב), H7130 (קֶרֶב), H7131 (קָרֵב)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
adjective near; — absolute קָרֹב Exodus 12:4 +, וֺב- 2 Samuel 19:48 +; plural קְרֹבִים 1 Kings 8:59, קְרוֺבִים Isaiah 33:13 +; feminine plural קְרֹבוֺת Ezekiel 22:5, etc.; — near (often opposed to רָחוֺק) :
1 of city Genesis 19:20 (+ לָנוּס שָׁ֫מָּה), Jeremiah 48:24, ׳הַקּ Deuteronomy 21:3 the nearest (+אֶל), compare (of elders) Deuteronomy 21:6; of land 1 Kings 8:46 2 Chronicles 6:36; road Exodus 13:17; = contiguous, כֶּרֶם 1 Kings 21:2 (+ אֵצֶל בֵּיתִי).
2 of person:
a. + אֶל person Genesis 45:10; Deuteronomy 13:8; Deuteronomy 22:2; Joshua 9:16; 1 Chronicles 12:41 (van d. H. v40); אֶל׳הַקּ Exodus 12:4 the nearest to; with suffix קְרֹבוֺ Exodus 32:27, i.e. his neighbour.
b. absolute (opposed to or + רחוק, oft,= near and far, i.e. all without distinction), Ezekiel 6:12; Isaiah 57:19; Proverbs 27:10; plural Isaiah 33:13; Jeremiah 25:26; Daniel 9:7; Esther 9:20; Exodus 22:5; ׳ק of distress, personified, Psalm 22:12.; — Ezekiel 23:5,12Co Berthol read קְרוּאִים famous; Toy רַבִּים (compare Jeremiah 39:13); Hpt in Toy Krae conjectures קְרוֺדִים (Assyrian ‡urâ du, warrior).
c. of near relationship, + אֶל person2Sam Jeremiah 19:43; Leviticus 21:2,3; Leviticus 25:25 (all H), Numbers 27:11 (P); ל pers Nehemiah 13:4; Ruth 2:20; + מִן compare Ruth 3:12; of intimacy, קְרֹנוֺ Psalm 15:3 ("" רֵעֵהוּ), קְרוֺבַי Job 19:14 ("" מְיֻדָּעַי) Psalm 38:12 ("" אֹהֲנַי וְרֵעַי); near, in office, Esther 1:14.
d. near to ׳עַם קְרֹבוֺ י Psalm 148:14 (Ri Bae קְרכָו the people of those near him).
e. near to ׳י in ceremon function, with אֶל Ezekiel 43:19, with ל Ezekiel 42:13, suffix Leviticus 10:3.
f. of God (׳י), + אֶל person Deuteronomy 4:7; Deuteronomy 30:14; ל pers Psalm 34:19; Psalm 145:18; abs Jeremiah 12:2; Isaiah 50:8; Isaiah 55:6 Psalm 119:151; אֱלֹהֵי מִקָּרֹב Jeremiah 23:23 a God from near by (opposed to מֵרָחוֺק׳א ); ׳ק of ׳צֶרֶק י Isaiah 51:5, ׳יֶשַׁע י Psalm 85:10 (+ ל of person); — ׳קשִׁמְךָ Psalm 75:2, read ׳קֹרְאֵי בְּשׁ Dy Che Gr Dr, compare Bae ᵐ5 SyeVer Du.
g. of word, + אֶל person Deuteronomy 30:14; prayer, + ׳אֶליֿ 1 Kings 8:59.
3 of time :יוֺם אֵידָם ׳ק Deuteronomy 32:35; especially of ׳יוֺם י Zephaniah 1:7,14 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 30:3 (perhaps del as ᵐ5 Co Krae), Ezekiel 30:3; Isaiah 13:6; Obadiah 15; Joel 1:15; Joel 2:1; Joel 4:14, compare Ezekiel 7:7; + infinitive אֵירמֿוֺאָב לָבוֺא׳ק Jeremiah 48:16, compare Isaiah 13:22; Isaiah 56:1; ׳מְחִתָּה ק Proverbs 10:14 imminent ruin; מִקָּרוֺכ Deuteronomy 32:17 recently, so Ezekiel 11:3 ᵐ5ᵑ6 Co Siegf Berthol (for Mt בְּקָרוֺב) Ezekiel 7:8 soon; Job 20:5 of the briefest; — מִמְּנֵי חשֶׁח׳אוֺר ק Job 17:12 is dubious; Thes (my) light is near to (prope abest a, as Arabic , but not proven in Hebrew) darkness; Di light (they say) is near (breaking away) from darkness, will soon leave it behind; But אוֺרקְרוֺבָם מֶּןיֶֿחְשַׁךְ the light of their intimate friend shall not (?)grow dark.