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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07065 - קָנָא
1) to envy, be jealous, be envious, be zealous
1a1) to be jealous of
1a2) to be envious of
1a3) to be zealous for
1a4) to excite to jealous anger
1b) (Hiphil) to provoke to jealous anger, cause jealousy
1428) nq (קנ QN) AC: Acquire CO: Nest AB: Zealous: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "gathering for the seeds". The parent birds go about gathering materials to build a nest where they will raise their seeds (eggs) . (eng: coin - for purchasing)
E) anq (קנא QNA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Zealous: The parent bird will guard over and protect the nest and eggs from predators. Man can guard over the family, wife, possessions in a positive way (protect, from an enemy) or in a negative way (by not trusting or a desire to have anothers possessions) .
H) enq (קנה QNH) AC: Gather CO: Branch AB: ?: The process of gathering branches for the nest; mans gathering or acquiring materials by taking or buying. The ancients measured wealth by the amount of ones possessions and measured distances using a branch with marks on it.
V) enq (קנה QNH) - Possess: To acquire someone or something through a purchase or other method. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (85): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) get, gotten, possess, buy, purchase, possessor, buyer, keep - Strongs: H7066 (קְנָא), H7069 (קָנָה)
hm) enqm (מקנה MQNH) - I. Herd:What is purchased or possessed. II. Possession:What is purchased or possessed. Usually of livestock or land. KJV (75): cattle, possession, flocks, substance, herd, purchase - Strongs: H4735 (מִקְנֶה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 be jealous of, with accusative אֶתאִֿשְׁתּוֺ Numbers 5:14 (twice in verse); Numbers 5:30 (P); in rivalry Isaiah 11:13.
2 be envious of with ב person, Genesis 30:1 (E), Genesis 37:11 (J) Psalm 37:1; Psalm 73:3; Proverbs 3:31; Proverbs 23:17; Proverbs 24:1,19; with accusative of person Genesis 26:14 (J), Ezekiel 31:9; with ל person Psalm 106:16.
3 be zealous for:
a. of Prayer of Manasseh , withל person Numbers 11:29 (J), 2 Samuel 21:2; for God Numbers 25:13 (P), 1 Kings 19:10,14; קנאה׳ק Numbers 25:11(P).
b. of God, לְשֵׁם קָדְשִׁי Ezekiel 39:25, לְאַרְצוֺ Joel 2:18, ׳לִירוּשׁ Zechariah 1:14, לְצִיּוֺן Zechariah 8:2 (twice in verse).
4 excite to jealous anger, with בִּ instrumental Deuteronomy 32:21 a (dubious; probably הַקְנִאוּנִי; compare Deuteronomy 32:16.21 b), 1 Kings 14:22.
Hiph`il provoke to jealous anger: Imperfect 3 masculine plural suffix יַקְנִאֻהוּ Deuteronomy 32:16; יַקְנִיאוּהוּ Psalm 78:58 ("" וַיַּכְעִיסוּהוּ) 1 singular אַקְנִיאֵם Deuteronomy 32:21 b; Participle metaplastic מַקְנֶה Ezekiel 8:3 (Ges§ 75q, del Co.).
קָנָא not used in Kal; Arab. قَنَأَ to become very red. Hence
(1) to be jealous (from the redness with which the face is suffused); followed by an acc. of the wife, Numbers 5:14 followed by בְּ of a woman who is a rival, Genesis 30:1. Causat. i.q. Hiphil, to excite any one’s jealousy and anger, followed by בְּ with anything, Deuteronomy 32:21; 1 Kings 14:22.
(2) to envy any one, followed by בְּ of pers. Genesis 37:11; Psalms 37:1, 73:3 Proverbs 23:17, 24:1, 19 Proverbs 24:19 followed by an acc. Genesis 26:14; Isaiah 11:13 followed by לְ Psalms 106:16.
(3) to burn with zeal for any person or thing (ζηλόω).
(a) followed by לְ to be zealous for any one’s cause (eifern für jem.), Numbers 25:11, 13 Numbers 25:13; 2 Samuel 21:2; 1 Kings 19:10.
(b) to envy any one; followed by בְּ Proverbs 3:31.
Hiphil, causat., to excite jealousy (see Piel No. 1), Deuteronomy 32:16, 21 Deuteronomy 32:21; Psalms 78:58.
Derivatives, קַנָּא, קַנּוֹא, קִנְאה.