the Second Week of Advent
Click here to join the effort!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #06419 - פָּלַל
1) to intervene, interpose, pray
1a) (Piel) to mediate, judge
1b1) to intercede
1b2) to pray
1380) lp (פל PL) AC: Plead CO: ? AB: Judgment: The pictograph p is a picture of mouth, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff representing authority. Combined these mean "speak to authority". A coming to one in authority to intercede on ones own behalf or for another.
V) alp (פלא PLA) - Perform: To do a great action out of a judgment. KJV (71): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) work, wonder, marvelous, wonderful, thing, hard, wondrous, perform - Strongs: H6381 (פָּלָא)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Pi`el mediate, judge: Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive, arbitrate, suffix וּפִלְלוֺ 1 Samuel 2:25 (but read probably 3 plural וּפִלְלוּ We Dr and others, word-play with ׳יִתְפ following); 2 feminine singular מִּלַּלְתְּ Ezekiel 16:52 mediate for (ל person) namely, through thine own sins; 1 singular מִּלָּ֑לְתִּי Genesis 48:11 (E; possibly denominative from פליל) I did not judge (have the opinion, expect) to see, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיְפַלֵּל Psalm 106:30 (absolute) he interposed (by slaying offender).
Hithpa`el80 Perfect 3 masculine singular הִתְמַּלֵּל 1 Kings 8:42; 1 singular הִתְמַּלָּ֑לְתִּי 1 Samuel 1:27, etc.; Imperfect יִתְמַּלֵּל Psalm 32:6 +; יִתְמַּלֶּלֿ 1 Samuel 2:25; 1 singular אֶתְאֶתְמּלָּ֑ל Psalm 5:3, etc.; Imperative הִתְמַּלֵּל Numbers 21:7 +, etc.; Infinitive construct הִתְמַּלֵּל Ezekiel 10:1 +, etc.; Participle מִתְמַּלֵּל Jeremiah 42:4 +, etc.; —
1 specifically intercede (with ׳י), with בעד, on behalf of Genesis 20:7; Numbers 21:7 (E) Deuteronomy 9:20; 1 Samuel 12:23 6t.; with לִ, 1 Samuel 2:25; אֶליֿהוה Numbers 11:2; Numbers 21:7 (JE) Deuteronomy 9:26; with בעד + אליֿהוה 1 Samuel 7:5; Jeremiah 29:7 4t.; אלהֿאלהים Genesis 20:17 (E); with על for 2 Chronicles 30:18; Job 42:8 (late).
2 Generally pray, with אֶל, unto idol Isaiah 44:17; Isaiah 45:20; unto Israel Isaiah 45:14; ׳בוֺא אלמֿקדשׁ להתפ Isaiah 16:12.
3 pray (to ׳י), absolute 1 Kings 8:33; 2 Kings 6:17; Ezra 10:1; Daniel 9:20; 2 Chronicles 6:24; 7:1,14, with ׳אֶליֿ 1 Samuel 1:26; 1 Samuel 8:6; 2 Kings 4:33; 2 Kings 6:18; 2 Kings 20:2 = Isaiah 38:2 2 Chronicles 32:24, + 10t.; ׳תפלה אֶליֿ׳הִתְפ 2 Samuel 7:27; 1 Kings 8:54; על יהוה 1 Samuel 1:10 (readאֶל); לִפְנֵי 1 Samuel 1:12; 1 Kings 8:28 + 5t.; with לְ Daniel 9:4; with אֶל of thing prayed for 1 Samuel 1:27; with אֶל against 2 Kings 19:20 = Isaiah 37:21(read עַל); עַלזֹֿאת because of this 2 Chronicles 32:20; Psalm 32:6; with אֶל location: אֶלֿהַמָּקוֺם 1 Kings 8:29,30,35 2 Chronicles 6:20,21,26; אֶלהַֿבַּית 1 Kings 8:42 2 Chronicles 6:32; with accusative דֶּרֶךְ הָעִיר 1 Kings 8:44 2 Chronicles 6:34; דֶּרֶךְ אַרְצָם 1 Kings 8:48 2 Chronicles 6:38.
4 of poetical, liturgical prayer, absolute 1 Samuel 2:1, with אֶל Jonah 2:2.
פָּלַל not used in Kal. In Pi. and in the derived nouns it has the meaning of judging, which is supposed to be derived from that of cutting, deciding, by comparison with פָּלָא, פָּלָה, Ch. פֵּלֵי Aph. to decide; but فَلَّ itself is i.q. פָּרַר to break. I prefer to regard the primary power of the root to be that of rolling, revolving, wallen, rollen (comp. פּוֹל, פֶּלֶג, פָּלַךְ, פָּלַשׁ, Syr. ܦܠܰܦܶܠ to roll in any thing, hence to tinge, to stain), hence to make even by rolling, to level with a roller (comp. פָּלַס to roll, walzen), whence to lay even (a cause), to arbitrate, like the German words of judging, richten, fchlichten, which have properly the sense of making even.
(1) to judge, 1 Samuel 2:25 also, to execute judgment in punishing, Psalms 106:30 compare Numbers 25:7 (LXX. and Vulg. however, to pacify; see under Kal). Followed by לְ to adjudge to any one, Ezekiel 16:52.
(2) to think, to suppose, Genesis 48:11.
(1) to intercede for any one (prop. to interpose as mediator); followed by בְּעַד Deuteronomy 9:20; 1 Samuel 7:5 עַל Job 42:8 לְ 1 Samuel 2:25, id.; followed by אֶל of him to whom one intercedes and supplicates, Genesis 20:17; Numbers 11:2.
(2) Generally to supplicate, to pray, especially God, followed by אֶל Psalms 5:3 לְ Daniel 9:4 לִפְנֵי of pers. Nehemiah 1:4 Simply, 1 Samuel 2:1; 2 Chronicles 7:14 once to supplicate to, Isaiah 45:14 followed by אֶל. That which is prayed for to God, is put with אֶל prefixed, 1 Samuel 1:27.
Nouns derived from the signification of judging are, פָּלִיל, פְּלִילָה, פְּלִילִי, from the sense of supplicating, תְּפִלָּה; also pr.n. פָּלָל, פְּלַלְיָה, אֶפְלַל.
[Also in Thes. פּוֹל from the idea of roundness.]