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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #05344 - נָקַב
1) to pierce, perforate, bore, appoint
1a1) to pierce, bore
1a2) to prick off, designate
1b) (Niphal) to be pricked off, be designated, be specified
2) (Qal) to curse, blaspheme
V) bqn (נקב NQB) - Pierce: To make a hole by piercing. Also to curse in the sense of piercing through. KJV (25): (vf: Paal, Niphal) curse, express, blaspheme, bore, name, pierce, appoint, hole, strike - Strongs: H5344 (נָקַב)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular suffix נְקָבָהּ 2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 36:6; 2 masculine singular נָקַבְתָּ; Habakkuk 3:14; Imperfect יִנְקָבֿ Job 40:24, וַיִּקֹּב 2 Kings 12:10; suffix יִקָּבֶ֑נּוּ Isaiah 62:2; 2 masculine singular תִּקֹּב Job 40:26; Imperative masculine singular נָקְבָה Genesis 30:28; Passive participle נָקוּב Haggai 1:6; plural construct נְקֻבֵי; Amos 6:1; —
1 pierce, bore with accusative 2 Kings 18:21 = Isaiah 36:6; Habakkuk 3:14 (all in figure), Job 40:24; Job 40:26; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + ב, וַיִּקֹּב חֹר בְּרַלְתּוֺ 2 Kings 12:10 and he bored a hole in its lid; צְרוֺר נָקוּב Haggai 1:8 a bag pierced, i.e. with a hole in it.
2 prick off, designate, wages Genesis 30:28 (J), name Isaiah 62:2 (׳י subject; compare
Niph`al); passive participle noted, distinguished Amos 6:1.
Niph`al Perfect 3 plural in phrase (אֲשֶׁר) נִקְּבוּ בְשֵׁמוֺת who were pricked off, designated, by name Numbers 1:17; 1 Chronicles 12:32 (31van d. H), 1 Chronicles 16:41; 2 Chronicles 28:3; 31:19, compare Ezra 8:20.
II. [נָקַב] verb curse (perhaps akin to I. נקב perhaps secondary formative from קָבַב, q. v. for forms יִקֹּב, קֹב, etc.); —
Qal Infinitive suffix נָקְבוֺ שֵׁם Leviticus 24:16; Participle ׳נֹקֵב שֵׁם י Leviticus 24:16 (on text see Di, Gei Urschrift 274 Dalm Adonal 44 f.).
I. נקד ( √ of following; Late Hebrew נָקַד point, furnish with points; compare Syriac (very rare) PS2453; noun but also point, mark; verbs perhaps denominative; Arabic point or dot (letter, word, etc.), II. make specks, spots, on garment, etc., probably loan-word Frä195; Di Lex. 648 compare Ethiopic be decayed, worm-eaten (of wood, bread, etc.)).
נָקַב fut. יִקֹּב and יִנְקֹב prop. to hollow out, to excavate (like the cogn. יָקַב, קָבַב, also כָּוַו or כָּוָה, כָּפַף, which see for more instances). Hence
(1) to bore (a hole), 2 Kings 12:10, followed by an acc. to perforate (Arab., Eth., Syr., Chald., id.), Job 40:24, 26 Job 40:26 2 Kings 18:21; Haggai 1:6, צְרוֹר נָקוּב “a bag with holes in it.” Also to thrust through (with a spear), Habakkuk 3:14, נָקַבְתָּ רֹאשׁ פְּרָזָו “thou didst thrust through the heads of their leaders.” See the derived nouns.
(2) to separate, to distinguish; and hence to declare distinctly, to specify, to call by name (compare פָּרַשׁ No. 1, 2), Genesis 30:28 נָקְבָה שְׂכָֽרְךָ עָלַי “specify to me thy wages;” Isaiah 62:2. Part. pass. נְקֻבִים the named, i.e. the chiefs, nobles of the people, as if it were אַנְשֵׁי שֵׁמוֹת Amos 6:1, opp. to the common people, בְּלִי שֵׁם Job 30:8 (compare 1 Chronicles 12:31). Arab. نقيب a leader, commander, prince.
(3) to curse (prop. to pierce, like سبّ to cut, to bore; metaph. to curse), e.g. the name of God, Leviticus 24:11, 16 Leviticus 24:16, נֹקֵב שֵׁם יְיָ מוֹת יוּמָת “he that curseth the name of Jehovah shall surely die” (from this place has arisen the superstitious idea of the Jews that it is forbidden to pronounce (No. 2) the name of Jehovah, see יְהֹוָה ); Numbers 23:8, 25 Numbers 23:25; Job 3:8, 5:3 Proverbs 11:26.
Niphal, pass. of No. 2, to be called by name (compare Arab. لَقَّب to name, n and l being interchanged), Numbers 1:17, “these men אֲשֶׁר נִקְּבוּ בֵּשֵׁמוֹת who were called by their names;” 1 Chronicles 12:31, 16:41 2 Chronicles 28:15, 31:19.
From the primary signification of hollowing out is נֶקֶב socket for a gem, מַקֶּבֶת a stone quarry; from the idea of boring through are נְקֵבָה, קֹבָה, from that of striking through is מַקָּבָה a hammer.