Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #04399 - מְלָאכָה
1) occupation, work, business
1a) occupation, business
1c) work (something done or made)
1e) service, use
1f) public business
1264) kl (לכ LK) AC: Walk CO: Message AB: ?: The pictograph l is a picture of shepherd staff, the k is a picture of the palm of the hand. Combined these mean "staff in the palm". A nomad traveled on foot with a staff in his hand to provide support in walking as well as a weapon to defend against predators or thiefs. (eng: walk - with an added w)
D) kal (לאכ LAK) AC: Walk CO: Messenger AB: ?: One who walks for another.
am) kalm (מלאכ MLAK) - Messenger: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (216): angel, messenger, ambassador - Strongs: H4397 (מַלְאָךְ), H4398 (מַלְאַךְ)
af3) tfkalm (מלאכות MLAKWT) - Message: KJV (1): message - Strongs: H4400 (מַלְאָכוּת)
kf1) ekalm (מלאכה MLAKH) - Work: As a message through action. KJV (167): work, business, workmanship, goods, cattle, stuff, thing - Strongs: H4399 (מְלָאכָה)
F) kle (הלכ HLK) AC: Travel CO: Journey AB: ?
V) kle (הלכ HLK) - Walk: To walk a journey or lifestyle, customs. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: Kwx] KJV (507): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) walk, away, along, go, come - Strongs: H1946 (הוּךְ), H1980 (הָלַךְ), H1981 (הֲלַךְ)
Nm ) kle (הלכ HLK) - I. Travel: II. Custom:A payment for traveling. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): custom, traveler, drop - Strongs: H1982 (הֵלֶךְ), H1983 (הֲלָךְ)
bm) kile (הליכ HLYK) - Step: For walking up an incline. KJV (1): step - Strongs: H1978 (הָלִיךְ)
bf1) ekile (הליכה HLYKH) - Procession: The walk or lifestyle of an individual or company. KJV (7): way, goings, company, walk - Strongs: H1979 (הֲלִיכָה)
am) klem (מהלכ MHLK) - Journey: A place to walk. KJV (5): walk, journey - Strongs: H4108 (מַהְלֵךְ), H4109 (מַהֲלָךְ)
idf1) ekflet (תהלוכה THLWKH) - Walk: KJV (1): go - Strongs: H8418 (תַּהֲלוּכָה)
L) kli (ילכ YLK) AC: Walk CO: ? AB: ?
V) kli (ילכ YLK) - Walk: KJV (1043): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) go, walk, come, depart, away, follow, get, lead, brought, carry, bring - Strongs: H3212 (יָלַךְ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 occupation, business, מַה מְּלַאכְתְּךָ what is thy occupation Jonah 1:8; business of a steward Genesis 39:11 (J); diligent in business Proverbs 22:29; slack in business Proverbs 18:9.
2 property in which one is occupied, רעהוּ׳מ his neighbour's property Exodus 22:7; Exodus 22:10 (E); possessions of herds and flocks Genesis 33:14 (J), 1 Samuel 15:9 (compare מִקְנֶה); רבה׳מ great property 2 Chronicles 17:13.
3 work as something done or made:
a. of God in creation Genesis 2:2 (twice in verse); Genesis 2:3 (P), in judgment Jeremiah 50:25, in General Psalm 73:28.
b. of men, עור׳מ leather-work Leviticus 13:48,51 (P), השׂדה׳מ work in the field 1 Chronicles 27:26; in building Proverbs 24:27 +, the walls of Jerusalem Nehemiah 4:5 +, making the tabernacle and its furniture Exodus 36:2 +, the temple 1 Kings 5:30 +; work of the potter Jeremiah 18:3, of the seaman Psalm 107:23, of the Levites 1 Chronicles 26:29, of priests in the sacrifices 2 Chronicles 29:34; מְלָאכֶת (ה)עֲבֹדָה phrase of P, Exodus 35:24; Exodus 36:1,3; Leviticus 23:7,8,21,25,35,36; Numbers 28:18,25,26; Numbers 29:1,12,35 also 1 Chronicles 9:13; 1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 28:13; 1 Chronicles 28:20; 2 Chronicles 24:12; לעבדה׳המ 1 Chronicles 23:24; ׳עבדה למ Exodus 36:5 (P); compare the phrase ׳עֹשֵׂה המ workmen Ezra 3:9; Nehemiah 2:16; ׳עֹשִׂים במ 1 Kings 5:30; 1 Kings 9:23 +; ׳כל מ any work forbidden on the Sabbath Exodus 20:9,10; Leviticus 23:3 (P) Deuteronomy 5:13,14; Jeremiah 17:22,24; on holy convocations Exodus 12:16; Leviticus 16:29; Leviticus 23:28,30,31; Numbers 29:7 (P).
4 workmanship, כל מלאכה in every kind of workmanship, phrase of P: Exodus 31:3,5; Exodus 35:29,31,33,35; and Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 22:15; 1 Chronicles 28:21; 1 Chronicles 29:5; 1 Kings 7:14.
5 service, use Leviticus 7:24; Leviticus 11:32; Judges 16:11; Ezekiel 28:13.
6 public business:
a. political 1 Kings 11:28; 1 Chronicles 29:6; Daniel 8:27; Esther 3:9; Esther 9:3.
b. religious, putting away foreign wives Ezra 10:13; יהוה׳מ 1 Chronicles 26:30; הַקֹּדֶשׁ׳מ Exodus 36:4; Exodus 38:24 (P), קדשׁ הקדשׁים׳מ 1 Chronicles 6:34; אהל׳מ מועד Exodus 35:21 (P), ׳בית י׳מ 1 Chronicles 23:4; Ezra 3:8; Ezra 6:22; Nehemiah 10:34; Nehemiah 11:22.
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מְלָאכָה fem. (by a Syriacism for מַלְאָכָה), const. מְלֶאכֶת; with suff. מְלַאכְתְּךָ; plur. מַלְאָכוֹת, const. מַלְאֲכוֹת.
(1) prop. service (see the root לָאַךְ ); hence work prescribed to any one (comp. Germ. fchiken, Luth. befchicken, beforgen). Genesis 39:11; Exodus 20:9, 10 Exodus 20:10, לֹא תַעֲשֶׂח כֶל־מְלָאכָה “thou shalt do no work;” Exodus 31:14, 15 Exodus 31:15, 35:2 Leviticus 23:7. Specially of the work of an artizan; Exodus 31:3, 35:35, מְלֶאכֶת חָרָשׁ “work of a smith;” מְלֶאכֶת עוֹר Lederarbeit, something made of leather, Leviticus 13:48 מְלֶאכֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה “the works placed in the temple of Jehovah,” 1 Chronicles 23:4; Ezra 3:8 עֹשֵׂי הַמְּלָאכָה workmen, 2 Kings 12:12 אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמְּלָאכָה those who are set over works to be done, 1 Ki. 5:30. Used of public affairs, Esther 3:9, 9:3 plur. of the works of God, Psalms 73:28.
(2) the property, or wealth of any one, Exodus 22:7, 10 Exodus 22:10 especially cattle, Genesis 33:14; 1 Samuel 15:9 (compare מִקְנֶה).
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.