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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03198 - יָכַח
1) to prove, decide, judge, rebuke, reprove, correct, be right
1a1) to decide, judge
1a2) to adjudge, appoint
1a3) to show to be right, prove
1a4) to convince, convict
1a5) to reprove, chide
1a6) to correct, rebuke
1b) (Hophal) to be chastened
1c) (Niphal) to reason, reason together
1d) (Hithpael) to argue
1238) hk (כהה KHh) AC: Chastise CO: Firm AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the h is a picture of a wall. Combined these mean "palm wall". To correct or chastise with a firm hand.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Hiph`il Perfect הוֺכִיחַ Isaiah 2:4 5t.; הֹכִיחַ Genesis 24:44; הוֺכִחַ Genesis 21:25; 2 masculine singular חֹכַחְתָּ Genesis 24:14; 1 singular suffix הוֺכַחְתִּיו 2 Samuel 7:14; Imperfect יוֺכִיחַ Isaiah 11:3 5t.; יוֺכַח Hosea 4:4 4t.; יוֺכָ֑ח 1 Chronicles 12:17; suffix יוֺכִיחֵנִי Psalm 141:5 12t. Imperfect; Imperative הוֺכַח Proverbs 9:8; Infinitive absolute הוֺכֵחַ Leviticus 19:17 5t.; construct הוֺכִיחַ Habakkuk 1:12; הַלְהוֺכַח Job 6:26; Participle מוֺכִיחַ Ezekiel 3:26 8t.; plural מוֺכִיחִים Proverbs 24:25; —
1 decide, judge, absolute Genesis 31:42 (E), 1 Chronicles 12:17; Isaiah 11:3; Psalm 94:10; with לְ decide for Isaiah 2:4 = Micah 4:3; Isaiah 11:4; with בּין, Genesis 31:37 (E), Job 9:33; לְגֶבֶר עִם אֱלוֺהַּ Job 16:21.
2 adjudge, appoint, with לְ, Genesis 24:14,44 (J).
3 shew to be right, prove, with accusative of thing and על person against Job 19:5; with אל person unto Job 13:15; so argue before Job 13:3, and (absolute) Job 15:3.
4 convince, convict, with accusative of person Psalm 50:21 בּ person Proverbs 30:6; with לְ person Job 32:12.
5 reprove, chide:
a. of God, with accusative of person Job 22:4; Psalm 50:8; Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; with בּ object 2 Kings 19:4 = Isaiah 37:4.
b. of Prayer of Manasseh , absolute Hosea 4:4; Ezekiel 3:26; Job 6:25 (twice in verse); Proverbs 24:25; Proverbs 25:12; מוֺכִיחַ בַּשַּׁעַר Amos 5:10; Isaiah 29:21; with accusative of person Genesis 21:25 (E), Leviticus 19:17 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 9:8; Proverbs 28:23; Jeremiah 2:19; מוֺכִיחַ אֱלוהַּ Job 40:2; accusative of thing Job 6:26; with לְ, Proverbs 9:7,8; Proverbs 15:12; Proverbs 19:25.
6 correct, rebuke, of God, absolute Habakkuk 1:12; with accusative of person Psalm 141:5; Job 13:10 (twice in verse); בְּשֵׁבֶט 2 Samuel 7:14; happy the man whom God corrects Job 5:17; for God loves him Proverbs 3:12; God is entreated not to correct in anger Psalm 6:2; Psalm 38:2.
Hoph`al Perfect וְהוּכַח בְּמַכְאוֺב he is chastened also with pain Job 33:19.
Niph`al Imperfect לְכוּנָֿא וְנִוָָּֽכְחָה Isaiah 1:18 come now and let us reason together; Participle שָׁם יָשָׁר נוֺכָחעִמּוֺ Job 23:7 there an upright man might reason with him; feminine (passive) וְנֹכָ֑חַת Genesis 20:16 (E), but Di SS read וְנֹכַחַתְּ 2 feminine singular Perfect and thou art set right, righted, justified.
Hithpa`el Imperfect עִםוִֿשְׂרָאֵל יִתְוַכָּח Micah 6:2 with Israel he will argue ("" עִם׳רִיב לי).
יָכַח unused in Kal, prob. i.q. נָכַח to be in the front, in the forepart; hence figuratively, to be in the sunshine, to be clear, manifest, to appear, like the Arab. وجح [“i.q. وضح”] IV. to make clear, to demonstrate, to prove, see Hiphil.
(1) to argue, to shew, to prove anything (beweifen). Job 13:15, אַךְ־דְּרָבַי אֶל־פָּנָיו אוֹכִיחַ “yet my ways I will argue before him;” I will declare, I will defend. Job 19:5, “prove against me my reproach,” i.e. shew that I have acted basely.
(2) to argue down any one, to confute, to convict, Job 32:12. Followed by a dative, Proverbs 9:7, 15:12 19:25 absol. Ezekiel 3:26; Proverbs 25:12; Amos 5:10; Isaiah 29:21. Especially with the idea of censure; hence to reprove, to rebuke any one (verweifen). Job 6:25, מַה־יּוֹכִיחַ הוֹכֵחַ מִכֶּם “what does your reproving prove?” i.e. your censure Job 13:10, 40:2, מוֹכִיחַ אֱלוֹהַּ “reprover of God.” Genesis 21:25, והוֹכִיהַ אַבְרָהָם אֶת־אֲבִימֶלֶךְ “and Abraham reproved Abimelech;” also, more strongly, to upbraid, 2 Kings 19:4; Isaiah 37:4 and thus
(3) to correct by punishment, to punish; especially used of God dealing with men in discipline for their amendment, Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:12; Psalms 6:2, 38:2 94:10 105:14 141:5. In this sense it is often joined with יָסַר.
(4) to judge, to decide, syn. שָׁפַט Isaiah 11:3 followed by לְ Isaiah 2:4 also, to do justice to any one (like-דִּין, שָׁפַט), 11:4 followed by בֵּין: to be arbiter between- Genesis 31:37; Job 9:33 followed by a dat. to adjudge for any one, Genesis 24:14, 44 Genesis 24:44.
(5) to dispute, to altercate with any one; prop. to argue down, to try to convince (compare נִשְׁפַט, נָדוֹן, and Niphal); followed by an accus. Job 22:4 followed by אֶל Job 13:3 followed by לְ 16:21.
Hophal pass. of No. 3, Job 33:19.
(1) pass. of Hiph. No. 2, to be argued down, to be convicted. Genesis 20:16, וְנֹכָחַת “and she (Sarah) was convicted,” she had nothing by which she could excuse herself.
(2) recipr. to dispute with any one, Job 23:7; Isaiah 1:18.
Hithpael הִתְוַכַּח i.q. Niph. No. 2, Micah 6:2.
Derived nouns, תּוֹכֵחָה, תּוֹכַחַת.