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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02931 - טָמֵא
1) unclean, impure
1a) ethically and religiously
1c) of places
1197) mu (תהמ ThM) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or container, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "container of water". A bowl of water is used to wash dirt off.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 ethically and religiouslyשׂפתים ׳ט Isaiah 6:5 (twice in verse) unclean of lips; השׁם׳ט Ezekiel 22:5 defiled of name, infamous; ׳טהור מִטּ Job 14:4.
a. of persons, "" טהור Deuteronomy 12:15,22; Deuteronomy 15:22; Ecclesiastes 9:2; נפשׁ׳ט Leviticus 22:4 (H); (אדם) לנפשׁ׳ט unclean for a ( dead) person Numbers 5:2; Numbers 9:6,7,10 (P) = נפשׁ׳ט Haggai 2:13; elsewhere for various reasons Deuteronomy 26:14; Leviticus 5:2; Leviticus 13:11,16,44,45 (twice in verse); Leviticus 13:46; Leviticus 15:2,25,33; Numbers 19:13,17,19,20,22 (all P), 2 Chronicles 23:19; Isaiah 64:5; Ezekiel 4:13; Ezekiel 22:10; Lamentations 4:15.
b. of animals Leviticus 5:2 (4t. in verse); Leviticus 7:21 (twice in verse); Leviticus 11:4,5,6,7,8,26,27,28,29,31; Leviticus 27:11,27; Numbers 18:15 (all P), Leviticus 20:25 (twice in verse) (H), Deuteronomy 14:7,8,10,19.
c. of things in Gen. Leviticus 11:35 (twice in verse); Leviticus 11:38; Leviticus 15:26; Numbers 19:15 (all P), Isaiah 52:11; food Judges 13:4; Hosea 9:3; houses Jeremiah 19:13; leprosy Leviticus 13:15,51,55; Leviticus 14:44,57 (P); offering Haggai 2:14.
d. persons and things in General כל טמא Leviticus 7:19,21 (P); ובין הטהור׳הבדיל בין הט Leviticus 10:10; Leviticus 11:47; לטהור׳הודיע בין (ה)ט Ezekiel 22:26; Ezekiel 44:23; of aliens Isaiah 52:1 ("" עָרֵל), perhaps also Isaiah 35:8.
3 specifically of places: ׳מקום ט unclean place (place of refuse away from holy place and human habitation) Leviticus 14:40,41,45 (P); טמאה ארץ land on the east of the Jordan separated from the land of the tabernacle of ׳י Joshua 22:19 (P); so ׳אדמה ט a foreign land Amos 7:17.
טָמֵא inf. טָמְאָה (Leviticus 15:32)
(1) to be or to become unclean, to be polluted (Syr. ܛܰܡܰܐ, which follows the analogy of guttural verbs, to pollute, ܛܡܠܰܐ polluted, comp. Lat. contamino, attamino, intamino). Especially used of uncleanness in a Levitical sense both of persons and of animals (whose flesh was not to be eaten, see -Lev. 11:131 ); also of things, as of buildings, vessels. Opp. to טָהַד. Leviticus 11:24, seq. Followed by בְּ to be unclean by any thing. Levit. 15:32 18:20, 23 Leviticus 18:23. [“Also to defile oneself, followed by בְּ with any thing, Psalms 106:39; Ezekiel 22:4.”]
Niphal נִמְמָא part. plur. נִטְמְאִים Ezekiel 20:30, 31 Ezekiel 20:31, pass. of Piel, to pollute one’s self, as a woman by adultery, Numbers 5:13, 14, 20, 27, 28 a people by whoredom or idolatry, Hosea 5:3, 6:10. Followed by בְּ of the thing with which any one is defiled, as with idols, Ezekiel 20:43, 23:7, 30 Ezekiel 23:30.
(1) to pollute, to defile, Leviticus 15:31, hence
(a) to profane a land with wickedness, Leviticus 18:28, 20:3 the temple, Psalms 79:1 the high places (בָּמוֹת) i.e. to destroy them, to take them away, 2 Kings 23:8, 10 2 Kings 23:10, 13 2 Kings 23:13.
(b) to violate a woman, or virgin, Genesis 34:5, 13 Genesis 34:13, 27 Genesis 34:27; Ezekiel 18:6, 15 Ezekiel 18:15.
(2) to declare any one unclean, as was done by the priest, Leviticus 13:3, Leviticus 13:8, 11 Leviticus 13:11, seq.
(3) to make be polluted, to cause to pollute one’s self, Ezekiel 20:36.
Pual part. polluted, Ezekiel 4:14.
Hithpael fut. יִטַּמָּא i.q. Niph. to pollute one’s self, followed by בְּ (Leviticus 11:43, 18:30 ) and לְ (Leviticus 11:24, 21:11 ) of the thing with which any one is polluted.
Hothpael הֻטַּמָּא id. Deuteronomy 24:4.
[Derivatives the following words.]
טָמֵא f. טְמֵאָה adj. impure, unclean
(a) in a Levitical sense as to persons, animals, and things, Leviticus 5:2; Deuteronomy 14:19.
(b) in a moral sense, Job 14:4. טְמֵאַת הַשֵּׁם polluted of name, infamous, Ezekiel 22:5.