the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #0226 - אוֹת
1) sign, signal
1a) a distinguishing mark
1d) miraculous sign
2) token, ensign, standard, miracle, proof
1022) ta (את AT) AC: Plow CO: Mark AB: ?: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox. The t is a picture of two crossed sticks used to make a sign or mark. Combined these pictures represent "an ox moving toward a mark". When plowing a field with oxen, the plowman drives the oxen toward a distant mark in order to keep the furrow straight. A traveler arrives at his destination by following a mark. The traveling toward a mark, destination or person. The arrival of one to the mark. A "you" is an individual who has arrived to a "me". The coming toward a mark. A standard, or flag, with the family mark hangs as a sign. An agreement or covenant by two where a sign or mark of the agreement is made as a reminder to both parties. (eng: at - a moving at something)
Nf) ta (את AT) - I. Plow-point:The plow-point is used to cut a deep furrow in the ground for planting seeds. [A common grammatical word that precedes the direct object of a verb] II. Sign:A sign, mark or wonder (as a sign) . [Aramaic only] III. At:Something that moves near something to be with it. Also used as grammatical tool to mark the direct object of the verb. [df: ty] KJV (7373): plowshare, coulter, sign, against, with, in, upon - Strongs: H852 (אָת), H853 (אֵת), H854 (אֵת), H855 (אֵת), H3487 (יָת)
J) tfa (אות AWT) AC: ? CO: Mark AB: Agree: The coming toward a mark. A standard, or flag, with the family mark hangs as a sign. An agreement or covenant by two where a sign or mark of the agreement is made as a reminder to both parties.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 sign, pledge, token Genesis 4:15 (J); אוֺת אֱמֶת true, token Joshua 2:12 (J); of blood of passover Exodus 12:13 (P); אוֺת לְטוֺבָה token for good Psalm 86:17; pledges, assurances of travellers Job 21:29.
2 signs, omens promised by prophets as pledges of certain predicted events 1 Samuel 10:7,9 + 1 Samuel 10:1 where ׳א insert ᵐ5ᵑ9, see We Dr; especially phrase זֶה הָאוֺת לְ Exodus 3:12; 1 Samuel 2:34; 1 Samuel 14:10; 2 Kings 19:29; Jeremiah 44:29; Isaiah 7:11,14; probably also Isaiah 44:25 (of false prophets).
3 sign, symbol of prophets Isaiah 8:18 compare Ezekiel 4:3.
4 signs, miracles, as pledges or attestations of divine presence & interposition Exodus 4:8 (twice in verse); Exodus 4:9 (J) Exodus 7:3 (P) Exodus 8:19 (J) Psalm 74:9; 2 Kings 19:29; 2 Kings 20:8,9 = Isaiah 37:30; Isaiah 38:7,22; with עָשָׂה Exodus 4:17,30; Numbers 14:11,22; Joshua 24:17 (all J E) Deuteronomy 11:3; Judges 6:17; with צִוָּה Exodus 4:28 (J); with שִׁית Exodus 10:1 (J); with שִׂים Exodus 10:2 (J) Psalm 78:43; Isaiah 66:19; הָאוֺת וְהַמּוֺפֵת (see מוֺפֵת) Deuteronomy 13:3; compare Deuteronomy 28:46; Isaiah 20:3; ׳אוֺ מ׳א Deuteronomy 13:2; אוֺתוֺת וּמוֺפְתִים Deuteronomy 4:34; Deuteronomy 7:19; Deuteronomy 26:8; Deuteronomy 29:2; Jeremiah 32:31; with נָתַן Deuteronomy 6:22; Nehemiah 9:10; with שִׂים Jeremiah 32:20; Psalm 105:27; with שָׁלַח Deuteronomy 34:11; Psalm 135:9.
5 signs, memorials, stones from Jordan Joshua 4:6 (J); metal of censers Numbers 17:3 (P); Aaron's rod Numbers 17:25 (P); עוֺלָם׳א Isaiah 55:13 probably also Ezekiel 14:8 ("" מָשָׁל); signs on hands, etc., Exodus 13:9,16 (J) = Deuteronomy 6:8; Deuteronomy 11:18, probably belong here; also memorial pillar in Egypt Isaiah 19:20.
6 sign, pledge of convenant, הַבְּרִית׳א (see ברית) e.g. rainbow, of Noachian convenant Genesis 9:12,13,17 (P); circumcision, of Abrahamic convenant Genesis 17:11 (P); the sabbath Exodus 31:13,17 (P); Ezekiel 20:12,20.
7 ensigns, standards Numbers 2:2 (P) Psalm 74:4.
8 signs, tokens of changes of weather & times Genesis 1:14 (P; of heavenly luminaries) אוֺתוֺת הַשָּׁמַיִם Jeremiah 10:2 (changes of the heavens as omens to frighten the nations) compare Psalm 65:9.
אוֹת (for אוֹת from אָוָה No. III; comp. أَيَةُ or اَيَةُ sign for أَوْيَةُ from اوى), Pl. אֹתוֹת m. and f. (comp. sing, Genesis 9:12; Exodus 4:8, plur. Exodus 4:9; Joshua 24:17), a sign (Ch. אָת, Syr. ܐܳܬܳܐ pl. ܐܳܬܘܳܬܳܐ). Exodus 12:13; Joshua 2:12; Genesis 1:14 וְהָיוּ לְאֹתוֹת וּלְמוֹעֲדִים “and they shall be (the lights of heaven) for signs and times,” i.e. by ἓν διὰ δυοῖν, signs of times. It is
(1) a military ensign, and specially that of each particular tribe, differing from דֶּגֶל standard, which be-longed to each camp of three tribes, Numbers 2:2, seq.
(2) a sign of something past, which serves to keep it in memory, Ex: 13:9, 16 Exodus 13:16; Deuteronomy 6:8, hence a memorial, monument, Isaiah 55:13; Ezekiel 14:8.
(3) a sign of something future, a portent, τύπος τοῦ μέλλοντος [?] (Romans 5:14), i.q. מוֹפֵת. Isaiah 8:18 “behold, I and the children whom Jehovah hath given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from Jehovah of hosts,” i.e. by the names divinely bestowed upon us, all of which are of good omen (יְשַׁעְיָה “the salvation of God,” עִמָּנוּאֵל “God with us,” Isaiah 7:14, 8:8 Shear Jashub, 7:3 ); God makes us types of future things as signifying future welfare. [Gesenius does not understand the true reference of the passage; we know, from Hebrews 2:13, that Christ is speaking of himself and the Church, God’s children given him for redemption, brought into blessing while the nation of Israel continues in unbelief.] Comp. Isaiah 20:3; Ezekiel 4:3.
(4) the sign of anything which cannot itself be seen, Genesis 1:14, ex. gr. “the sign of the covenant,” circumcision, Genesis 17:11, of the sabbath, Exodus 31:13, hence, token, proof, argument, Kennzeichen, Beweis; comp. Lat. signum, Cic. Invent. 1, 34; Gr. τεκμήριον, σημεῖον, Job 21:29, and hence a miracle, as a sign of the divine power, i.q. מוֹפֵת Deuteronomy 4:34, 6:22 7:19 29:2 34:11, see my remarks at length on Isaiah 7:11 [see Matthew 1:23, as to the meaning of the passage]. Of the prophetic sign or [“token of the truth of a prophecy, viz. when God, or the prophet as his interpreter, foretells some minor event, the fulfilment of which serves as a sign or proof of the future fulfilment of the whole prophecy. Exodus 3:12; Deuteronomy 13:2, Deuteronomy 13:3 -1 Sa. 2:2734 ; -10:79 ; 2 Kings 19:29, 20:8, 2 Kings 20:9 -Isa. 7:1114 ; 38:7, 22 Isaiah 38:22; Jeremiah 44:29, 30 Jeremiah 44:30, comp. Mark 13:4; Luke 1:18, 2:12.” Ges. add.]