the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #227 - אָז
1) then, at that time
1a) temporal expressions
1a1) then (past)
1a2) then, if...then (future)
1b) logical expressions
1b1) in that case
1b2) that (being so)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 strictly temporal:
a. of past time: — without a verb Genesis 12:6; Genesis 13:7; Joshua 14:11; 2 Samuel 23:14; with a perfect Genesis 4:26; Exodus 4:26; Joshua 10:33; Judges 8:3; Judges 13:21; Jeremiah 22:15 אָז טוֺב לוֺ then was it well to him (compare Jeremiah 22:16; Hosea 2:9); more usually (especially when = thereupon) with an imperfect (see Dr§ 27) Exodus 15:1; Numbers 21:17; Joshua 8:30; Joshua 10:12; Joshua 22:1; 1 Kings 3:16; 1 Kings 8:1; 1 Kings 9:11 (see Dr Intr.192) and elsewhere.
b. of future time (usually where some emphasis is intended), with imperfect Isaiah 35:5,6; Isaiah 60:5; Micah 3:4, rather differently Leviticus 26:41; 1 Samuel 20:12; rarely with perfect 2 Samuel 5:24 b ( will have gone forth) Isaiah 33:23: with an accompanying logical force, implying the fulfilment of a condition, then = if or when this has been done (with the imperfect) Genesis 24:41; Exodus 12:44,48; Deuteronomy 29:19; Joshua 1:8; 1 Samuel 6:3; Isaiah 58:8,9; Jeremiah 11:15 Hi Ke Psalm 19:14; Psalm 51:21; Proverbs 3:23; Job 11:15; Job 13:20; Job 22:26.
c. in poetryאז is sometimes used to throw emphasis on a particular feature of the description Genesis 49:4; Exodus 15:15; Judges 5:8,11,13,19,22; Isaiah 33:23; Isaiah 41:1; Habakkuk 1:11; Psalm 2:5; Psalm 96:12.
d. it points back with emphasis to an infinitive with בּ 2 Samuel 5:24 a Psalm 126:2 (twice in verse); Job 28:27; Job 33:16; to בַּיּוֺם הַהוּא (anomalously) 1 Chronicles 16:7.
2 expressing logical sequence strictly d: in the apodosis: — after אם (rare) for sake of special emphasis Isaiah 58:14; Proverbs 2:5; Job 9:31; = in that case, after לוּ or לוּלֵא 2 Samuel 2:27 hadst thou not spoken, כִּי אָז surely then had the people, etc. 2 Samuel 19:7; Psalm 119:92; after אחלי 2 Kings 5:3; Psalm 119:6; after a suppressed protasis 2 Kings 13:19; Job 3:13 יָשַׁנְתִּי אָז יָנוּחַ לִי I had slept, then were there rest for me; Joshua 22:31 (strangely) = now, as things are; Ecclesiastes 2:15 = that being so. (122t., besides מאז and מןאֿז. Seldom used except where some special emphasis is Deuteronomy -sired. 'Then' of AV RV more commonly repre-sents וְ, especially in the apodosis.)
מֵאָז (compare ), once ( Jeremiah 44:18) מִןאָֿז, literally from that time: used ( a) absolutely, as adverb = in time past, of old, whether of a nearer 2 Samuel 15:34; Isaiah 16:13, or of a remoter past Isaiah 44:8; Isaiah 45:21; Isaiah 48:3,5,7,8; Psalm 93:2; Proverbs 8:22; ( b) with following General or relative clause, as preposition or conjunction = from time of, since. With substantive Ruth 2:7 מֵאָז הַבֹּקֶר from time of morning Psalm 76:8; with infin. Exodus 4:10 מֵאָז דַּבֶּרְךָ since thy speaking unto thy servant; with finite verb Genesis 39:5; Exodus 5:23 ׳וּמֵאָז בָּאתִי וג and since I came unto Pharaoh, etc. Exodus 9:24; Joshua 14:10; Isaiah 14:8; Jeremiah 44:18.
אָז [“a demonstrative particle originally of place, in that place, there, kindred with זֶה; Arab. إِذْ, be-hold!” called in Man.]; subst. time (from the root אָזָה, comp. עָר), hence in accusat. at that time, then, specially
(1) damals, then, of past time; Arabic إِذ then, and إِذْ tunc, then, thereon; Germ. da; in apodosis, behold! fiehe da fo; Chald. אֱדַיִן; Genesis 12:6; Joshua 10:12, 14:11. Followed by a preterite, 1 Kings 8:12; 2 Chronicles 6:1, 8:12, 17 2 Chronicles 8:17 and a future, used for a preterite, Jos. l. cit.; Exodus 15:1; Deuteronomy 4:41. Comp. Lehrg. p. 773.
(2) then, after that, of future time. Construed with a fut. which retains its own power; Psalms 96:12, אָז יְרַנְּנוּ “then shall they rejoice;” Zephaniah 3:9; Job 3:13 sometimes also with a preterite in the signification of the future, where a future precedes, Judges 5:11; Exodus 15:15.
(3) then, after that, for therefore, because of that, Jeremiah 22:15; Psalms 40:8.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.