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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5568 - ψαλμός
- a striking, twanging
- of a striking the chords of a musical instrument
- of a pious song, a psalm
twitching or twanging with the fingers, ψαλμοὶ τόξων E. Ion 173 (lyr.); τοξήρει ψαλμῷ [τοξεύσας] Id. HF 1064 (lyr.).
II mostly of musical strings, πηκτίδων ψαλμοῖς κρέκον ὕμνον Telest. 5, cf. Diog.Trag. 1.9, Aret. CA 1.1.
2. the sound of the cithara or harp, Pi. Fr. 125, cf. Phryn.Trag. 11; ψαλμὸς δ' ἀλαλάζει A. Fr. 57.7 (anap.); there were contests in τὸ ψάλλειν, Michel 898.10(Chios, ii B. C.), 913.6(Teos, ii B. C.).
3. later, song sung to the harp, psalm, LXX 2 Kings 23:1, al., Ephesians 5:19; βίβλος ψαλμῶν Luke 20:42.
ψαλμός, ψαλμοῦ, ὁ (ψάλλω), a striking, twanging ((Euripides, others)); specifically, a striking the chords of a musical instrument ((Pindar, Aeschylus, others)); hence, a pious song, a psalm (the Sept. chiefly for מִזְמור), Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16; the phrase ἔχειν ψαλμόν is used of one who has it in his heart to sing or recite a song of the sort, 1 Corinthians 14:26 (cf. Heinrici at the passage, and Lightfoot on Col. as above); one of the songs of the book of the O. T. which is entitled ψαλμοί, Acts 13:33; plural the (book of) Psalms Luke 24:44; βίβλος ψαλμῶν, Luke 20:42; Acts 1:20. (Synonym: see ὕμνος, at the end.)
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ψαλμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< ψάλλω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4210;]
1. a striking, twitching with the fingers (Eur., al.), hence, a striking of musical strings (Æsch., a1.), and hence in later writers,
2. a sacred song sung to musical accompaniment, a psalm (LXX): 1 Corinthians 14:26, Ephesians 5:19, Colossians 3:16; of OT psalms, Luke 24:44, Acts 13:33; βίβλος ψαλμῶν , Luke 20:42, Acts 1:20.†
SYN.: see ὕμνος G5215.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.