the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3854 - παραγίνομαι
- to be present, to come near, approach
- to come forth, make one's public appearance
From G3844 and G1096
παραγίνομαι; imperfect 3 person plural παρεγίνοντο (John 3:23); 2 aorist παρεγενόμην; from Homer down; the Sept. for בּוא; (properly, to become near, to place oneself by the side of, hence) to be present, to come near, approach : absolutely, Matthew 3:1 (but in edition 1 Prof. Grimm (more appropriately) associates this with Hebrews 9:11; Luke 12:51 below); Luke (
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(Ion. and late for -γίγν -),
[in LXX chiefly for H935;]
1. to be beside or at hand (Hom., Hdt., al.), hence, to stand by, support (Æsch., Thuc., al.) : c. dat. pers., 2 Timothy 4:16.
2. to come, come up, arrive (Hdt., Xen., al., and freq. in later writers; v. MM, xviii; Thackeray, Gr., 267.2): absol., Luke 14:21; Luke 19:16, John 3:23, Acts 5:21-22; Acts 5:25; Acts 9:39; Acts 10:32-33; Acts 11:23; Acts 14:27; Acts 17:10; Acts 18:27; Acts 21:18; Acts 23:16; Acts 23:35; Acts 24:17; Acts 24:24; Acts 25:7; Acts 28:21, 1 Corinthians 16:3; seq. εἰς , John 8:2, Acts 9:26; Acts 15:4; ἐπί , c. acc, Luke 22:52; πρός , c. acc, Luke 7:4; Luke 7:20; Luke 8:19, Acts 20:18; id. seq. ἐκ , Luke 11:6; παρά , c. gen., Mark 14:43; ἀπὸ . . . εἰς , Matthew 2:1, Acts 13:14; ἀπὸ . . . ἐπὶ . . . πρός , Matthew 3:13; of a teacher coming forward in public: Matthew 3:1, Luke 12:51, Hebrews 9:11.†
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In accordance with its etymology παρρησία is used especially of ";freedom,"; ";boldness"; in speech, but it readily passes into the more general meaning ";confidence,"; as in Hebrews 3:6, 1 John 2:28, Job 27:10, Test. xii. patr. Reub iv. 2. This may be illustrated from P Par 63viii. 7 (B.C. 165) καλῶς ἔχειν ὑπέλαβον ταύτην ἔτι τὴν παρησίαν (for spelling, cf. Winer-Schmiedel Gr. p. 56) ἀγαγεῖν πρός σε, P Oxy VIII. 1100.15 (A.D. 206) με ]τὰ παρρησίας (cf. Acts 28:31), unfortunately in a broken context, and Kaibel 1096.5 παρησίαν ὁμοίαν οὐκ ἔχων βροτοῖς. Cf. also Aristeas 125 συμβουλευόντων παρρησίᾳ πρὸς τὸ συμφέρον τῶν φίλων, ";since friends unreservedly offer advice for one’s best interests"; (Thackeray).
In OGIS 323.10 (B.C. 159–8) εὐδοκι [μη ]κὼς ἐν ταῖς χρείαις ἁπάσαις κ [εκ ]όσμηκε τὸν αὑτοῦ [β ]ίον τῆι καλλίστηι παρρησίαι, the word seems to be equivalent to ";liberality,"; and in Vett. Val. p. 6.3 ζωῆς καὶ θανάτου παρρησίαν ἔχοντες, the editor renders π. by potentia. See also Artem. p. 24.22 μέτωπον ὑγιὲς. . . παρρησίαν καὶ εὐανδρίαν σημαίνει.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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